Dissection of Justice Mukherjee Commission of Inquiry (JMCI)

Posted By Author on December 18, 2011

Dissection of JMCI

(I have left post mortem report of Shanawaz Committee &

Autopsy report of Khosla commission to scholars)

JMCI and me

I HAVE ALREADY MENTIONED ABOUT justice Mukherjee Commission of Inquiry for inquiry into the alleged disappearance of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. It was a one-man commission headed by justice Manoj Kumar Mukherjee, former judge of the Supreme Court. Summary of huge correspondence between JMCI and me needs indispensable narration here.

My first letter to Home Minister L.K.Advani dated 10/4/2000 is already mentioned the letter was directed to the Commission and the Commission sent a copy of its notification-dated 03.12.2000. The Commission directed me to submit an affidavit. In its letter dated 05.07.2000

In response to letter of JMCI of 5/7/2000 I sent a copy of my letter to Dhawal Desai, correspondent of Zee T.V. network to stop projecting my interview and substantial evidence about survival of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose after 1945 as the matter was subjudice. The interview was conducted at my home on 10/6/2000. Mr. Pradip Deshpande, editor of daily ‘Jananmadhyam’ was instrumental in bringing the Zee team. Copy of letter to Dhawal Desai was forwarded to JMCI.

A letter sent to Secretary JMCI Mr. Sengupta on 17/7/2000. In it I requested to record my deposition at Amravati, as it was not possible to carry valuable and voluminous document to Calcutta. I requested to arrange to pay three million U.S. dollars if the evidence was beyond a shadow of doubt. The amount was needed to wash off Netaji’s liabilities, loans, and resettle people who sacrificed everything for him and purchase the estate where he breathed his last.. I put three conditions. 1. The revelation would invite the wrath of emotional aficionados of Netaji and hence I should be given immunity from litigations. 2.  Demand for money. 3. The demand should be forwarded to Union Home Ministry to be discussed in the Parliament. I quoted Netaji’s discussion with me from diaries that confirmed identity of Netaji with substantial evidence of his handwriting and photographs after 1945.

On 5.7.2001 letter sent to the Secretary JMCI referring news of Indian Express, Pune dated 19/1/2001 quoting PTI news from London that the Government of U.K. refused to declassify documents about Netaji and deposition of Dr. Yoshimi. I assured the Commission that after consultations with Advocate K.H. Deshpande, senior lawyer of High Court Nagpur, I would send my affidavit within a week. I wrote that I waved off the conditions put in earlier letter for the sake of authenticity.

On 23/3/2001 I executed my affidavit before the court and sent it to JMCI. It is already mentioned in chronological order as Affidavit – I

On 18/10/2001 I addressed a letter to honorable Justice Mukherjee, Chairman of JMCI. I appreciated his patience and endurance to record all cock and bull stories of deponents. I mentioned about visit of the Commission to U.K. with blank result as the classified documents on Netaji are to be released in 2021. I referred to news that the Commission was likely to visit Taipei (Taiwan), Japan, Russia and U.S.A. I pointed out to the Commission about discrepancies in statements of Dr.Yoshimi and revealed that Netaji’s plane landed at Canton. He never went to Taipei and there was no air crash on 18/8/1945. Netaji escaped to Tibet and then alone fake news of his death was released after five days of so called air crash. I also suggested instituting a case in federal court of U.S.A. to secure classified documents of CIA on Netaji. As per American law the court would order CIA to release document after fifty years.  The Commission disbelieved my say.

3/1/2002 I received a letter from the Commission dated 31/1/2002. In this letter Mr. M Roy, IAS, special officer on duty informed that my stand taken in affidavit dated 23/3/2001 prima facie appeared to be altogether different from what I contended in my letter dated 18.10.2001. The commission informed me to submit document to support my contention that there was no accident and that I should submit fresh affidavit to that effect within six weeks.

1/3/2002 In my letter dated 1/3/2002 I informed the Commission that contents of my letter dated 18/10/2001 were just a part of full story and there was no contradictory statement.  Moreover it was not possible to submit second affidavit within six weeks because I had engagement at Raipur on 26th to 28th Feb.2002 and at Calcutta from 3rd to 6th March 2002 leaving apart journey days and postal delay. I requested to extend the deadline of submission of second affidavit.

On 9/9/2002 I informed the Commission about some vital references regarding air-crash and requested to add it to appendix one of second affidavit. I explained that Subhash Chandra Bose was inward and secretive personality. He opened his heart to brother Sarat Bose, childhood friend Hemant Sarkar, and Dilip Roy and I was fourth in the line as a confidential person. I brought it to notice of the Commission about confession of Uttamchand Malhotra to me that Netaji escaped from Bangkok and the plane that was assumed to have crashed reached Singapore safely. I assured the Commission that after my deposition the Commission would not require any information or file from any quarter of the world.

With dismay I expressed, “ The eerie silence on the part of the commission is quite quaint, queer, and intriguing. It is perplexing and perturbing indeed. I informed the commission that if it was not interested and maintained further stoic silence, I shall submit my work to foreign university. My correspondence with the Commission is sufficient enough to face and eradicate would be objections from the historians, scholars, scribes and publishers.”

I received a letter from C.M.Chaterjee, Court Master of JMCI dated 1.10.2002. It acknowledged my second affidavit and intimated that the Commission will give due consideration, if necessary, for the purpose of this inquiry, to the question of recording my deposition.

From time to time I was getting letters from the Commission about date, time, place, and names of deponents.

I received a letter from one of the deponents Mr. Subhash R Dasgupta of 24 Pargana district dated 6.10.2002 informing me that the Commission was to visit the Shaulmari Ashram on 16.6.2002 and record statements of Ashramites on 17/10/2002 at Jalpaiguri.

I received a copy of notice of the commission intimating me that Mr. P.K.Sengupta was appointed as Commissioner to record my depositions.

I received a letter from Secretary P.K Sengupta dated 14 May 2003 intimating me that the Commission was pleased to appoint him to record my deposition on 23.6.2003 or 24.6.2003.  I was told to get prepared with oral or documentary evidence for deposition. The date, time and venue would be informed in due course. Relevant extract from the Notification So-339 (E) dated 14/5/1999 of the Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, as published in the Gazette of India (Extraordinary}, dated 14/5/1999. Pt II, Section 3, sub-section (II) was enclosed for my information.

On 30.5.2003 I sent E-Mail to P.K. Dasgupta and second correct one to P.K.Sengupta requesting to arrange my deposition at Nagpur as loads of document I will have to carry. I promised to stand expenses from Nagpur to Amravati, a three hours journey by car, and expenses of stay at Amravati.

Received E Mail from P.K.Sengupta on behalf of the Commission to provide information about location of Amravati, nearest railway station, aerodrome, addresses of District Judge, Superintendent of Police and about accommodation. The Commission thought that Amravati was a small place.

On 4/6/2003 I sent E Mail to Shri Sengupta informing addresses of Collector, Session Judge, Commissioner of Police, Circuit House etc. I also informed that my brother late R.S.Padhye was a High Court Judge.

On 5th June 2003 Shri Pradyot Kumar Sengupta, Principal Secretary of JMCI sent Email to Smt. Verma, Collector of Amravati directing her to make necessary arrangement for transport and accommodation. The copy of E Mail was forwarded to me to meet Mrs, Verma. The letter informed that Dr.Suresh Padhye would be examined on June 28, 2003 at 11 A.M. at his residence. Mr.Sengupta was to be accompanied by an officer of the Commission, who was a retired District and Sessions Judge, one Section Officer who was on deputation to the Commission from the Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India, one Private Secretary and one group D staff. Further, it was informed that they would arrive from Pune on June 27, 2003.

I went to Collector‘s Office to handover the letter of the Commission addressed to Collector Manisha Verma. She was on tour. Mr.Kiran Kulkarni, the RDC was on transfer and already handed over charge but he assured to deliver the letter before long. My brother in law Vasant Gondhalekar, former Additional Collector, was helpful to arrange everything.

I received phone from the Collector and she assured that all arrangements would be made and I need not worry. I requested her to keep the visit of the Commission as closely guarded secret to avoid jamboree of sleuths of Press, T.V. crew, and public. She assured to provide requisite police force for security.

Unfortunately some clerk of the Collectorate leaked the news to his friend who was correspondent of newspaper Lokmat. He flashed the news and I was in quandary to face the inquisitive crowd and sleuths.

I received a letter from P.K.Sengupta, Secretary JMCI dated 10/6/2003 informing that I would be examined on June 28, 29, and if need be on 30 June 2003 and keep myself in readiness for recording of my deposition.

In his letter dated 12/6/2003 Mr. Sengupta sent itinerary of his programme

Received E Mail from Rudhra Jyoti Bhattacharjee dated 11/6/2003 is as below:

“ Date: Wed, 11 Jun 2003 18:58:29 + o1oo (BST)

From:  @ “Rudhra Jyoti”

<rudhrajyotibhattacharjee @ yahoo.co.in > | this is span | add to address Book

Subject: visit of justice Mukherjee commission from 27-6-2003 to 30-6-2003

To: sureshpadhye @yahoo.com.



Khaparde Garden,


Pin 444 601

Re: Visit of Justice Mukherjee Commission from 27-6-2003 to 30-6-2003 for hearing your evidence.


I, myself including my associates as described herein below am overwhelmed to get your introduction as well as the tremendous work done by you from your affidavit and we shall be further happy to meet you in your place.

For the purpose under reference I feel pleasure to introduce myself to be friendlier with you. I, Rudhra Jyoti Bhattacharjee, moved PIL before the Honourable Justice Prabha Shankar Mishra of High Court at Calcutta for setting up an inquiry commission to enquire into the mysterious disappearance of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and also settled the terms of reference in the said judgement which are the terms of reference before this commission of Inquiry and the said Commission has required us to be present at the hearing of your evidence.

I being an advocate believe that your evidence would be very much vital for the purpose of this Commission.

I along with my under mentioned associates are very much keen to be present at the time of hearing your evidence from 27 June 2003 to 30 June 2003 at your place.

My Associates are-

1.        Keshav Bhattacharjee, Advocate, High Court, Calcutta.

2.        Nandalal Chakrborty, Professor (Pol/Sc)

3.        Surojit Dasgupta, a researcher on the subject.

4.        Tarun Mukherjee. A researcher on the subject.

5.        Dr. Madhusudan Pal, Cardio Thorasic Surgeon, Calcutta Medical College and Hospital, Calcutta.

The above mentioned persons are working on the subject for more than twenty (20) years and have been able to collect many documents which have enabled me to obtain the order to set up the Inquiry Commission.

Sir, we shall be highly obliged if you be kind enough to make a suitable arrangement for our stay at your place at the minimum most expenses and confirm me as per return. We solicit your hearty co-operation.

Thanking you

Yours friendly

(Rudhra Jyoti Bhattacharjee)

On 27/6/2003 the Commission arrived in Amravati and stayed at Circuit House. I called upon Mr.Sengupta and Bhattacharjee. I met scholars of Calcutta. They too stayed at Circuit House. Collector made all arrangement for their transport, security, and stay.

On 28, 29, and 30 June 20003 Mr.Sengupta recorded my deposition and I submitted lot of documents. Mr. Sengupta was surprised to see piles of documents filling half of the hall of 14 by 16 feet, and adjoining room of 12 by 12 feet. He suggested for writing a book. I was chagrined to see his attitude. Whatever documents I was submitting he would say that I could submit it at the time of argument. It was shocking that he first denied accepting rarest of rare live photographs of Baba and about fifteen hundred typed pages of my diaries. Then I became stern and told him that the Commission must accept documents mentioned in my affidavit. He agreed. Yet many documents remained to be submitted. When I posed a question that suppose I do not come to Calcutta for argument then what? He promised that I could submit the argument and remaining documents in writing and post them. The problem was over. I was questioned by accompanying scholars and Government pleader Shri Pal. Because of my defect in hearing Mr. Panja, former session judge, would get up and come to me and explain. He was very amicable and helpful. After end of deposition Mr. Sengupta met the Press and T.V. representatives on my lawn.

The Commission put its stamp on many documents that are with me. The commission took Government Resolution number of Organiser dated 7/11/1977 banning Netaji’s portraits from Government offices, saw Maratha daily of P.K.Atre of 1962, and carried translation of page 40 and 130 of Hansa Gaan (U). JMCI has put official stamp on these pages. Dr. Prabhakar Wadodkar did the English translation.

The Commission left by Gitanjali express on 30, June 2003. A written questionnaire was given to me, which I answered. The questionnaire is as below:

Dr. S.C. Padhye

(Please note that my full name is Sureshchandra Sharadchandra Padhye. We put father’s initial and hence it becomes S, S. Padhye. In Bengal and north India the name Sureshchandra is split and initials are mentioned as S. C. Padhye.  In south India initial of village is added to name. I do not have copy of the answerers recorded by the Commission.)

Q.1.         Please tell the Commission your full name.


Q. 2.        What is your present occupation?


Q.3.         Do you know the Terms of Reference of the Commission?


Q.4.         You filed 2 (two) Affidavits before the Commission, one dated 23/03/2001 and the other dated 14/03/2001. Please see these Affidavits. Are these the Affidavits, which were filed by you? Did you sign the Affidavits? If so, please identify your signature.


Q.5.    Did you ever see Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose before 18th August 1945? If so, when, at what place and under what circumstances?


Q.6.    Please refer to paragraph 4 of the Affidavit dated 23/03/2001 where you have stated that your conviction was that Shri Subhash Chandra Bose was none else but the founder of Shaulmari Ashram HIS HOLINESS SHRIMAT SARADANANDAJI. Please tell the basis of such conviction of yours.


Q.7.     Please tell the Commission when and where did you first came in contact with Shrimat Saradanandaji? Had you seen him personally? If so, on how many occasions? Can you give the dates of your first and last meeting with him?


Q.8.      Is Saradanandaji alive? If not, when and where did he die? Were you present at the time of his death? If he is alive, can you say his present whereabouts?


Q.9.      Please refer to item no.30 at page V of the Annexures to the Affidavit dated 23/03/2001. Do you possess the envelopes and letters referred to therein? If so file those.


Q.10.       At page 5 of your Affidavit dated 23/03/2001, you have referred to Shri Krishna Kant Pndey, Shri Radha Kant Pandey, Shri Govind Shah, and Dr. Samareshwar Dutt. Are they alive? If so, do you know their present whereabouts? If so, please give their present full postal addresses and other particulars.


Q.11.       Please refer to paragraph 3(f) of your Affidavit dated 14/3/2002. Could you produce now the reference regarding General Shidei’s existence in Japan after 1945 mentioned by you in that paragraph? If so, please file the same.


Q.12.       In the paragraph 3(g) of your said Affidavit you have referred to one Dnyaneshwar Deshpande. Is he alive? If so, give his present whereabouts.


Q.13.       In the same paragraph 3(g) you have referred to a Marathi book ‘Hansagaan’, the autobiography of Shri Madhav alias Balasaheb Gokhale. Do you possess the English rendering of that book? If so, please file the same.


Q.14.       Do you possess any photograph of Shrimat Saradanandaji? If so, do you possess all the negatives of these photographs? Please file photographs with their negatives.


Q.15.       Dr. Padhye, please see this letter dated July 17, 2000. Are you the author of this letter? Did you sign the letter?


Q.16.       Dr. Padhye, please refer to the 2nd paragraph of page 3 of your said letter dated 17July, 2000 wherein you have referred to a document of 4 (four) lines, which you claimed would be sufficient enough to serve the purpose of the Commission. Please file the document referred to.


Q.17.       Is it correct to say that your conviction is based on the facts derived from the interactions between you, some other people and Saradanandaji, different books, and publications, news in the press, etc. at different times regarding the alleged plane crash at Taihoku on 18th August, 1945 and the alleged disappearance of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose?

Ans.        I answered all the sixteen questions orally and the Commission noted it. I could not trace reference of General Shidei’s survival after 1945. I gave photographs, handwriting of Shri Saradanandaji. I showed the negatives but denied to handover them. Dr. Prabhakar Wadodkar rendered the required pages of ‘Hansa Gaan’ and submitted to the Commission. There was no problem about answers to all questions and the Commission was satisfied. The Commission put its stamp on the backside of Baba’s original handwriting, which is still in my possession.

On 1.8.2003 sent letter of thanks to Shri Sengupta and Shri Panja with fourteen photographs of press conference at my place.

On the same day i.e. 1/8/2003 the following letter was addressed to Justice Mukherjee as below:


Honorable Justice Mukherjee,

Chairman, JMCI,



Dr. Suresh S. Padhye

Khaparde Garden,

Amravati- 444601

Sub:       Mystery of Netaji’s disappearance Dt/- 1/8/2003

Honorable Sir,

I am highly indebted to you, Sir, for complying with my request and send Shri P.K.Sengupta and others for recoding my deposition. In view of my experience with Justice Khosla, it was a sweet surprise to see amicable, lenient, and co-operative behaviour of Shri Sengupta and his team. Mr. Panja was extraordinarily helpful in explaining problems. My kudos to whole team, and also to accompanying scholars.

Although I wanted to tender lot of documents and photographs, Shri Sengupta assured me that at the time of argument I could do so. However I am sending some information, which might prove useful in the investigation.

I took the oath that I shall not conceal anything. It haunts me. I want to release certain evidence after my death as Charles Darwin did about his hypothesis of ‘evolution’.

My printed papers of diaries were received at 2 A.M. on 27th June 2003 and I submitted them next morning to JMCI. I could not get time to censor some portions, I, therefore, request your honor to give me an opportunity to censor before final submission to the Government of India.

If from evidence gathered from all sources, the Commission comes to dead end to prove falsification of air-crash and Netaji’s survival I may be contacted as a last resort to release top secret that is to be made public after my demise. I shall face it.

Truth is victorious, never untruth

Truth is the way; truth is the goal of life,

Reached by sages who are free from self-will.

Mandaka Upanishada

Yours faithfully


Documents submitted along with this letter of 1/8/2003

The Government of U.K., U.S.A. and especially India are unwilling to release secret files on Netaji to JMCI. The foreign Governments would not accept their defeat by disclosing the truth that Netaji escaped in 1945. The present Government of India is handicapped. All the thirty-four files on Netaji were in personal custody of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Many of them were destroyed at his instance and a few were handed over to Mohammad Yunus. For authenticity see the following enclosed herewith.

1.           ‘Is Netaji Alive?’ An article by Satyabrat Ghosh in Illustrated Weekly of India dated 21/1/1979.

2.           ‘ Unresolved Mystery’ a letter to the Editor by Prof. V.N. Dutta in Times of India dated 16/9/1997. Lord Wavell confessed to Vallabhbhai Patel that main portions of files on Subhash Bose were destroyed.

3.           Lord Mountbatten cautioned Nehru that Bose escaped. Submitted the Organiser to Secretary JMCI shri P.K.Sengupta.

4.           ‘Declassification of files will throw Netaji into spotlight. The Defence Ministry declassified and handed over 990 folders and files pertaining to the INA to the National Archives of India, Times of India, 22/8/1997.

5.           Times of India dated 2/7/199. U.S. released secret files on Pinochet, the dictator of Chilie. The information was related to Human Rights. More than 25000 pages from 5800 documents related to events in Chile from 1973 to 1978 were declassified. I proposed JMCI to apply for release of files on Netaji.

6.           Hurdle – ’Panel on Netaji rues Centre’s Inaction’, Kolkata. Hitavada dated 5/4/2003

7.           Hurdle – ‘ Netaji disappearance probe receives major setback’ Kolkata. Hitavada dated 21/8/2001.

8.           ‘ Centre unwilling to make papers on Netaji public’.  Hitavada dated 20/1/2001

9.           I have already given address of Spanish tourist who took many photographs of Netaji on pyre with his colored Polaroid Camera. Either directly or from the Embassy of Spain they may be acquired.

10.        Basantilalis editor of weekly ‘Jana Narayan’ address B 2/13, Krishna Delhi-51. In his issue of July 1977 has published photograph of Shri Saradanandaji in so called Samadhi state? Please obtain it.

11.        Superintendent of Police Dehradun has seized the negatives of all photographs of the funeral of Shri Saradananda. Jogi Studio of Dehradun did it at my instance. Please acquire the negatives.

12.        In 1966 I was shown a newspaper of Subhashwadi Janata. It contained Baba’s photograph with turban and sitting on a bedi addressing a crowd of five hundred people in the premises of Ashram. The photograph was clandestinely taken from distance. Baba asked me as to whose photograph was it? I said it was fake one. He then told smilingly that it was his and genuine. The Commission can procure this photo through advertisement or Rajat Bhadra of Shaulmari Ashram.

13.        There are footprints of Saradanandaji framed at Ram Prasadji Merhotra of Kanpur. Its copy can be procured and can be tallied with Netaji’s footwear at museum of Elgin Road, Calcutta.

14.        Tooth of Netaji – I informed the Commission that a dentist pulled out Netaji’s troublesome tooth on 14thAugust 1945 at 4.P.M in Singapore. If it was part of well-planned strategy that tooth might be in the urn of ashes at Japan. The tooth was gold plated and hence gold should have meted in cremation. It should be confirmed. It seems Netaji planned escape much earlier. My surmise was correct. See cuttings of statement of Netaji’s great nephew Ashis Ray in Times of India dated 30/10/1995 and 29/11/1995.

15.        Gumnami Baba of Faizabad died in 1885. He claimed he was Netaji. His seven teeth are preserved. I came to know from the Times of India dated 18/7/2003 that the Commission is performing DNA test on it. The Commission took blood samples of Netaji’s nephews to tally DNA of teeth of Gumnami Baba. I sent the articles on DNA test to the Commission and cautioned that only blood samples from female side are useful for DNA tally. Accordingly later blood samples of Netaji’s nieces were taken. It should be noted that the age of Gumnami Baba’s tooth should come to 88 years if he was Netaji.

16.        Shri Subhash Dasgupta of Kalyan gram of 24 Pargana district showed me Gumnami Baba’s colored photograph with goggles. It is similar to Mauni Baba’s photograph published by Prof. Krantikari of Gaziabad. There is not an iota of resemblance in photo and Netaji.

17.        I apprised the Commission that I knew about Mauni Baba near Sitapur, Gumnami Baba of Faizabad, Baba Hanuman Giri of Bareilly, and Captain Jogindra Singh of Sivapuri Kalan of Morena district. Each of them claimed that he was Subhash Chandra Bose. My examination proved it was all humbug.  If need be, I would give proofs. However, there is a possibility that Netaji lived as Hanuman Giri at Bareilly from version of Uttamchandji Malhotra and Radhakantji Pandey who sent Ramlal Pahelwan to Ashram. Uttamchandji informed me that handwriting of Baba Hanuman Giri tallied with Netaji’s as per report of the experts.

18.        Cutting of news of Times of India dated 30/10/1995. ‘ Whose ashes are they anyway?

19.        Cutting of Times of India dated 30/11/1005.’ Row over Netaji’s death can be set at rest by DNA test ‘

20.        Revolutionary Pillai’s ashes were brought to Kerala from Germany after hundred years. Shyamaji Krishna Verma’s ashes were recently brought to Gujarath but if genuine, why Netaji’s ashes are not brought to India? I intimated the Commission that H.V.Kamath, and Dayabhai Patel, both members of parliament, personally went to Taihoku and investigated the crash story. Both came to dead end, as they could not obtain documents of crash or death or cremation.

21.        I quoted some excerpts from diary with instruction from Baba to get four hundred crore rupees from Philippines. I guessed he was to send S.A.Ayer with me. I enclosed news about:  1. ‘World War II treasure judgement reserved. 2.’ Plea seeks desealing Bose’s “treasure box” ‘3. ‘Treasure Tunnel Found’ in Philippines.

22.        I informed the Commission about doubtful credibility of witnesses before Khosla Commission.

23.        Shri Uttamchand Malhotra’s statement that Shri Saradananda of Shaulmari Ashram was none else but Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.

24.        Uttamchand Malhotra’s statement, ‘ Netaji Went Underground At Thailand ‘ Full Text sent from Nagpur Times dated 5/1/1071. News about depositions before Khosla in Nagpur Times dated 23/1/1971– Usman Patel, Shymlal Jain, Dr. Joshi, Dr. Padhye, Capt. Wiramani, and Dr.M.A.Jamal. Habibur Rahman was to depose on March 1st. Heading of the text was  “Netaji was To Be Handed Over & Charged’ ‘ Indian leaders pact with British judge’

25.        Mr. N.G. Goray, former High Commissioner of India to Great Britain, expressed doubt as to whether Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose died in plane crash. The doubt arose when he read a letter to Lord Wavell, the erstwhile Viceroy of India. The letter of the Secretary of State Lord Pethic-Lawrence.

26.        He had sought instructions from Lord Wavell as to whether Mr. Bose could be arrested and deported? Mr.Goray added that Pethic-Lawrence would not have sought such instructions had Bose met with the accidental death. (Indian Express 30/5/1981)

27.        ‘ Bose did not visit Russia in 1945, says its envoy ’ (Times of India 22/2/1996. I mentioned that I have a letter from Russian Embassy that Russia regarded Bose in high esteem as a freedom fighter and that he never entered Russia in 1945.

28.        Shyamlal Jain of Meerut, confidential typist of Nehru, claimed ‘ Netaji had left for Russia on August 23,1945. He recalled Nehru’s note to Attlee to arrest Netaji as War Criminal. I met Jain and found him unreliable. He stated lot of trash. Also see Nagpur Times dated 1/1/1971.about deposition of Shyamlal Jain before Justice Khosla.

29.        S.C.Sen Gupta, a close associate of Netaji claimed. ‘ Plane crash was part of plan for Netaji’s escape ‘ He further told that he met General Isoda at Bangkok who told him, “ Don’t worry, His Excellency is in a safe place.” He further claimed to have heard Lord Mountbatten say in Singapore,       “ Subhash Bose had again escaped.” He further affirmed that Netaji gave him a letter in Bengali and a gold chain and told that he was going to Manchurian border. (Nagpur Times 7/1/1971) I gave details to the Commission about my visit to Taipei that was Taihoku aerodrome and suggested to call Pilot Patel of Singapore Airlines as witness to know absurdity of plane crash.

30.        I submitted copy of Netaji’s handwriting of 1968 and sent details about ‘Experts on the fence on handwriting analysis.’ By Nadia Learner

31.        I told the Commission that latent fingerprints of Shri Saradanandaji are available on two volumes of Life Divine. These can be tallied and confirmed with Netaji’s fingerprints at museum of Calcutta. I sent details of new technology developed by Dr.Garvinder Singh Sodhi and Dr. Jasjeet Kaur of Delhi to take latent fingerprints.

I pointed out that the Discovery Channel in India from 25th to 30th June 2003 flashed most modern and very recent technology of taking latent fingerprints. The scientist from Britain took dormant fingerprints of a World War II criminal from a post card of 1945 after forty years and the criminal was punished for Nazi atrocities.

On 27th death anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose I sent a letter to Honorable justice Mukherjee, Chairman of JMCI dated 2/1/2004 as below.

Ref. My letter dated 1/8/2003

Honorable Sir,

This is my last communication and might prove a bonanza for the New Year.

I am highly obliged by the Commission by keeping me informed about the dates and names of various deponents.

Kindly go through the following, which might prove useful in the investigation.

1.                When the Commission visited my place to record my deposition during 28th to 30yh June 2003, I submitted the Shaulmari File on Shah Nawaz Khan. I am enclosing herewith the lawyer’s opinion sent to Ashram on Shah Nawaz case. Please add it to Shah Nawaz Khan file. The opinion is as below: It is enclosed as Appendix -I

Advocate R.S.Padhye

Khaparde Garden


Dt/- 18/ 7/1966

Opinion on Shah Nawaz File

The facts discussed from Shah Nawaz file are as under:

(1)           That the Navabharat Times, Hindi Edition dated 28/9/1962 published a statement purporting to be a statement of Shah Nawaz Khan to the effect that after making complete enquiries it was established that a certain fraud was being practiced at Ashram for earning money. This reference probably is to the controversy as to whether Shri Saradanandaji was or was not Subhash Chandra Bose. Reads with reference to context the statement is per se defamatory because it suggests that the Ashram has started the controversy to earn money.

(2)           That Shri Anil Kumar Ganguly acting for and on behalf of Ashram seems to have given registered notice dated 5/10/1962 calling upon Shah Nawaz Khan to pay damages to the extent of rupees two lakhs or to apologize unconditionally. A reply from Shah Nawaz Khan dated 17/10/1962 discloses that according to Shah Nawaz Khan the alleged statement was never made by him and the correct report of his statement appeared in various English papers quoted by him.

(3)           That no further communication was made by Ashram with Khan on this subject for quite a long time suggesting that the explanation given by Shah Nawaz Khan was accepted.

(4)           Bir Arjun, a Hindi daily dated 5/1/1065 has again published a statement purporting to be that of Shah Nawaz Khan. The paper is not available for reading. Page three of notice dated 26/3/1965 given by Shri Ganguly gives an extract of the said statement. From the said extract it appears that Shah Nawaz Khan has again denied to  have made any original statement but at the same time he has made an attempt to throw challenge at the Ashram to start proceedings against him.

(5)           It appears that Shah Nawaz Khan has not cared to reply this notice dated 26/3/1965, given by Shri Ganguly

(6)           Apart from the alleged statement of Shah Nawaz Khan published in Navabharat Times in 1962 Khan has also narrated an incident in his letter dated 17/10/1962 giving out that one of his friends told him to issue a statement suggesting that Netaji was living in Shaulmari Ashram, If untrue, this statement is also defamatory.

(7)           So far as civil action for defamation on the basis of earlier statement is concerned the remedy is time barred. The second statement of Shah Nawaz Khan per se is not defamatory. I do not agree with an idea of throwing an open challenge to him because that may suggest that we are trying to rake up an old controversy in which Mr. Khan is repeatedly denying his alleged earlier statement of 1962.

(8)           Instead of that I feel that Nava Bharat Times should be prosecuted for defamation by a criminal case, which has no limitation and Shah Nawaz Khan should be called as a prosecution witness so that during his examination the whole matter can be cleared up. Such a prosecution can be launched at any place because Nava Bharat Times being an all India paper could be read at any place, giving rise to a cause of action at that place. Though there is no limitation for a criminal prosecution the delay could be explained by giving the whole history. Any person aggrieved can file the complaint.

Sd/- R.S.Padhye

1.                In my previous communication I forgot to include photo of thumb of Shri Saradanandaji. It is just the same, as thumb of Netaji For comparison I have included photo of original thumb of Netaji. Prima facie one cane realise similar shape of nail and thumb.

2.                Kindly refer the book- Netaji. A Political Biography edited by Sisir Kumar Bose & Birendra Nath. Anand Publishers Pvt. Ltd, 45 Baniatala lanes, Kolkata 700009. India. Third print of 1995. ISBN 81-7078-614-7. Other photos of fingers or thumb are on pages 13, 23, 29, 39, 100, 191, and 209.

a.        Thumb and Nail- The photo of thumb of Saradanandaji is enclosed. The Xerox photo of Netaji’s thumb on P.223 is enlarged and enclosed for comparison.

b.     SQUINT IN EYE-   Squint in the right eye of Shri Saradanandaji of Shaulmari Ashram is described in diary. It can also be observed in the dead body’s photo in sweater. The very squint can be tallied with that of Netaji in the photos on page 9, 185, 187 and 227 in above mentioned pictorial biography. Particularly note Netaji’s photo on his passport while proceeding to London for the first time for education at Cambridge.

c.     TEETH- I have already mentioned small reddish teeth of Shaulmari Baba like those of Netaji in the said biography on Pages 71, 166, 184. Gumnami Baba’s teeth can be verified with these.

d.        BIRTH MARK- I have mentioned a birth mark, a black spot as big as eight annas coin below the right breast spot of Shri Saradanandaji. If the photo on page 150 is minutely examined both would tally.

e.   I have mentioned a typical vertical scar on the left eyebrow of Shri Saradanandaji. Similar vertical scar on the eyebrow of Netaji can be observed in photo on pages 9,128, and 170.

f.     I have quoted from the book ‘Hansa Gaan’ that Dnyaneshwar Deshpande’s house at Rangoon was occupied for Netaji.  Its photo is on page 222.

g.     HAIRLINE ON THE BACK OF HEAD- Normally baldness develops from the front and covers top but hairline on sides and backside remains intact. I have already submitted photo of Shri Saradanandaji from backside. Compare it with Netaji’s photo on page 193 and 194.

3.                The Star News channel of T.V. on 24/6/2003 between 10 to 11 P.M. flashed a skit about Netaji’s disappearance. It contained still photographs of Netaji showing clear squint in the eye, vertical scar on the left eyebrow, and receding hairline on the back of head. If the Commission can acquire these photos from the Star News, the photos would be of great importance to tally my say about Shri Saradanandaji. The said news also showed a photo of Gumnami Baba of Faizabad with upwardly curved white mustaches. This photo has not slightest resemblance with Netaji.

Mr. Anuj Dhar was also flashed in the news. He is the correspondence of Hindustan Times, Delhi (now running Mission Netaji Org) He wrote four articles on Gumnami Baba under the name ‘Bhagwanji’. He is pioneer of hypothesis that Gumnami Baba was Netaji. I have a file of correspondence with him and in spite of my attempt to dissuade him from this absurd theory he remained stubborn and adamant. I came across the review of his recently published book by Mr. M.V. Kamath.

4.                I have already submitted passages and translations about Dnyaneshwar Deshpande from ‘Hansa Gaan’ during my deposition. I came across more information about him in Hitavada of 17/8/2003. A copy of it is attached herewith.

5.                Mr. Subhash Das Gupta is also having colored photo of Gumnami Baba with goggles on. He deposed before the Commission.

6.                I had very hectic time at the time of funeral of Shri Baba at Dehradun. I jotted down notes on blank margins of newspapers and even on cigarette packets. Gobind Shah was eyewitness at the time of death and his verbatim say is included in the script written on first death anniversary in1978. Forty typed pages of the script are attached herewith.

7.                Again I repeat and remind that valuable information and handwriting of Netaji as Babaji can be procured from Pandey brothers of Kaithi. Correspondence of Shri Ramani Ranjan Das is also with them. There is lot of material with them, which can give latent fingerprints. Scientist can now identify person from mere skull or latent prints. Even DNA can be collected from phone receiver over which a person talked.

The Discovery channel on 7/9/2003, Sunday, 1900 hours had shown scientists who deciphered Tutakhamen, Akhatin and queen Nepherti after four thousand years. These scientists can be very useful for the Commission.


Mr. Swami recently informed the Parliament that the work of the Commission would be over by end of May 2004. I have hundreds of documents and about two hundred related photographs. At the time of my deposition Shri P.K.Sengupta suggested to submit them at the time of argument in person or in writing. I therefore implore your honor to kindly give a month’s notice for argument. I was also assured that I could submit the argument in writing to avoid publicity and public commotion.  It is earnestly prayed that the Commission’s officer like Mr. Panja and some scholars like Mrs. Purabi Roy can be deputed to examine the files, photographs and documents and finalise the relevant ones. It will save my trouble and valuable time of the Commission. If need be I shall stand all expenses of persons deputed to come to Amravati for a week’s time. Kindly ponder over my prayer and oblige.

With high regards and wishing success to unravel the mystery

Yours faithfully

Sd/- S.S.Padhye


1.Letter six pages.

2.Lawyer’s opinion two pages.

3.Phtos of thumb three

4.News cutting on Dnyaneshwar Deshpande.

5.Netajis tragic death unraveled. Forty paged article of 1978.

Received a letter of acknowledgement of the above letter from JMCI on 15th January 2004.

Respite for argument

The stress of work was telling heavily upon my health. I badly needed respite to jot down argument. I therefore left for U.S.A.  I was busy in outings and writing. I was anxious about the date of my argument. On 18th August 2004 I sent E Mail to JMCI as below:


Honorable Chairman JMCI


Dr. S.S.Padhye, 2708 NW, 142nd Cir. Vancouver, WA, USA.


I badly needed respite to complete notes for the argument. For that I needed peace and hence I am in USA. I shall be in Vancouver, WA until Sept. 3rd. After that I shall be in San Francisco. I am sending contact information in case you need to contact me. I shall be reaching home on 11th October.

Until Sept. 3rd Tel. (oo1) 360 – 573 – 6545. Vancouver, WA.

After Sept. 3rd Tel. (oo1) 510 – 668 – 1723. Avalon Heights, Fremont, San Francisco, CA.

After Oct 10th Tel. O721 – 2660480 Amravati MS.

Email sureshpadhye @ yahoo COM.

With regards

Yours faithfully,

Sd/ Suresh Padhye.

On 16th Sep. 2004 sent another Email informing address – 47640 Avalon Heights Terrace, Fremont, CA 94530 USA

I received a letter from JMCI dated 16/12/2004 that Commission would start hearing arguments.

On 13th January 2005 I sent Email to the Secretary JMCI as below:

Sub: Important information for confirmation.

Dear Sir,

I have the privilege to provide some vital information regarding inquiry.

Mr.Y.D.Phadke of Anandwan, Sahitya Sahavas, Bandra east, Mumbai-400051 is a well-known author in Marathi language. He published ‘Kahani Netajinchi’ meaning story of Netaji in two parts. Damodar Dinkar Kulkarni of Shiva Vidya Prakashan, 250. Shaniwar Peth, Ashtabhuja road, Pune-411030 has published part II. In First Edition of 23rd January 1995 on page 397, paragraph one; the information recorded is being translated verbatim for your perusal.

“ The aircraft, which carried Netaji and Lt. Gen. Shidei was really a Japanese bomber plane. It was 97-2 Sally type plane and it was from Japan’s Third Air Force of Singapore. The bomber was old one but its Port Engine was brand new and at Saigon airport ground engineer Nakamura alias Yamamato while inspecting told chief pilot Maj. Takizawa that the old bad engine was just then removed and new one was fitted. (T-367)”

Secondly, the Blitz, after a few days, gave sensational news that the plane that was supposed to have crashed with Netaji was seen in good condition at Singapore. (T-384)

From the news item from daily Hitavada of Nagpur dated 9th January 2005, Sunday, I came to know that JMCI is visiting SE Asia. If so the above may be confirmed, if possible.

Further the news added. ‘ The Commission would sit again on 14th January to begin the argument process. Justice Mukherjee said, adding that argument on that day would be confined to the matters relating to Shaulmari Ashram. ‘ If so, as usual, kindly furnish me the names of persons who would appear on 14th January 2005. It is highly important for me to know the names. Please oblige at the earliest.

With best wishes of the New Year,

Yours faithful


N.B There was lot of error in Email and hence sent the corrected draft mentioned above on the same day.

On 8th January 2005 read news of Press Trust of India that DNA profile of Gumnami Baba did not match with Netaji or any member of the Bose family

On 15th January 2005 PTI reported in Hitavada, ‘ Indian Evidence Act not applicable to Netaji probe panel.’

On 17th January 2005 JMCI sent the following letter on its letterhead, Shri M. Roy, IAS (Retd), Officer on special duty addressed the letter.


All Deponents

Dear Sir,

I am directed to inform you that the Commission will hold its next sitting on 03. 02. 2005 & 04. 02.  2005 starting at 10.30 A.M. on both the days at the Seminar Hall, Annex Building, Mahajati Sadan, 166, Chittaranjan Avenue, Kolkata-700007, when the Commission will hear arguments by/ on behalf of the deponents on all factual issues.

Yours faithfully

Sd/-M.Roy                                              Officer on Special Duty

January 17, 2005

On 27/1/2005 I sent the following letter to Shri P.K. Sengupta, Secretary JMCI.

Subject: Argument of deponents.


Received your communication dated Jan. 17, 2005, Sd/- M. Roy, IAS (Retd), Officer on Special Duty. I was shocked to read the contents addressed to all deponents starting about the next sitting of the Commission on the 3rd and 4th Feb. 2005. I do not know whether I am supposed to attend the said sitting and if my turn does not come I have to return to Amravati.

I have already communicated to you that I should be given at least one month’s time for the date of my argument.

My problem is as follows.

1.                  In USA I have completed about 135 pages of topical biography of Shri Subhash Chandra Bose after referring about 22 standard books and going through 8000 pages. This biography is ready for reference to tally identical aspects of Netaji and Babaji of Shaulmari Ashram. The work is titled, as “Netaji vis a vis Babaji” Now the topical biography of Shri Saradanandaji of Shaulmari Ashram is in process and for that I shall have to classify and condense 1500 pages of diaries already submitted to JMCI during my deposition at Amravati. So far only 200 pages have been completed. In spite of investing ten hours a day since five days, I hope you will give me advantage of time factor. This work will be corroborative to Netaji’s topical biography. It will save immense time of the Commission during argument.

2.                  A place-name index and an index of names of persons appearing in the pages of diaries are already given for final typing and computerization. This work would enable easy referencing.

3.                  During my deposition I wanted to submit lot more documents and photographs but since you spent three days and were in hurry to depart you assured me to allow the submission of the same at the time of argument.  For that I will have to carry:

(a)                          About 150 mounted enlargements relating to Shaulmari Ashram. (About 50 Kg.)

(b)                         A file of communication with Shaulmari Ashram.

(c)                          Some important letters of Ashramites.

(d)                         My communication with Chiang Kai Shek, Austrian embassy, Russian embassy, Mr. Nirad Chaudhari (Oxford), Mr. Karnjea of Blitz, Mr. Khushwant Singh, then editor of Illustrated Weekly of India, Mr. Tom Kissinger, Mr. Leonard Gorden and the file on International Research Workshop on Netaji arranged at Amravati.

(e)                          Important news cuttings regarding Netaji.

(f)                          Publications of Shaulmari Ashram and booklet written by Saradanandaji.

(g)                         Gauntlets thrown to Parliament, Dandekar (M.P.) and Patodia (M.P.)

(h)   Shah Nawaz Khan file.

Unless I get sufficient notice, specific date and time, I shall not be able to satisfy the Commission and myself too.

I hope by this time the Commission must have gone through all pages of my diaries already submitted, which are self-explanatory to identify Babaji as Netaji.

The Commission must have found several grammatical and spelling mistakes in the pages of diaries. It is because the lot came at 2 o’clock in the night and by 10 o’clock in the morning I had to submit it to the Commission. There was no time for correction. Secondly I could not get time to censor important and too personal information.

It may be brought to your notice that because of ‘Icon Status’ of Shri Subhash Chandra Bose, masses agitated against reality and truth as below:

(i)            In a movie on Subhash Chandra Bose he was shown smoking. People agitated and stopped the movie.

(ii)           In another movie on Subhash Chandra Bose his father Janakinath Bose was shown entering study-room of young Subhash and removing the photographs of revolutionaries. People agitated and stopped the movie. Amiyo Bose, nephew, instituted a libel case in this matter against the producer.

38      Recently famous director Shyam Benegal shot a movie on Subhash Bose ‘Forgotten Hero’.

39      In this shooting at Kolkata there was mass agitation and shooting was stopped.

(v)           People and relations rejected Netaji’s relationship with Emilie Schenkl and refused to accept Anita as daughter.

I, therefore, implore the Commission that the following may please be considered.

1.             My argument should be heard at Amravati.

2.             My argument in Kolkata should be heard in camera. If it is going to be open sitting, my personal safety and safety of the documents from Amravati to Kolkata and back may kindly be assured.

Hoping to be obliged by an early reply with regards,

Yours faithfully

Sd/- S.S.Padhye

JMCI wrote the following letter to me dated 7.02.05, which I received on Friday, 11/2/2005.


In response to your letter dated 21.1.05. I am directed to inform you that you may argue your case in Kolkata on any Friday of this month i.e. February, 2005 and not later, and that you may intimate this office immediately which of the Fridays of February 2005 will be suitable for you for the purpose so that you may be intimated the time and venue for your argument in Kolkata.”

Yours faithfully

M. Roy

Officer on Special Duty

The deadline of JMCI for argument was Friday the 25th February 2005.  JMCI did not assure or mentioned about my security and safety of vital documents. I had only two Fridays at my disposal i.e. 18th and 25th February 2005. To get reservation, demanding armed guards from Commissioner of Police, Kolkata, arrangement of stay was impossible to meet in stipulated time limit. All the while I was requesting JMCI to give me enough notice for date of argument. I landed in mess. There was not enough time to write full argument the notes of which were prepared in USA. Therefore I curtailed the argument and dropped the most volatile and important secret in the argument. Indirectly I already suggest about it earlier.

On 23rd February 2005 I could complete the argument in brief and lot of copies of vital documents on the same day. I hurriedly dispatched the parcel of three and half Kg. by air through Blue Dart courier service in order to meet the deadline of Friday the 25th February 2005. It made my wallet lighter by Rs. Six hundred. Some important contents of the parcel are given at the end of diary of mid July 1907.

I sent the following Email to JMCI

Date: Wed. 23rd Feb. 2005. 07: 52: 19 – 0800 (PST)

From: “Suresh Padhye “ < sureshpadhye @ yahoo. Com > * Add to Address Book

To:      jmcinscb @ cal3. vsnl. Net in


Shri M. Roy

Officer on Special Duty,

JMCI, Kolkata.

Ref:    JMCI/S.C.Padhye/64/405 dated 07/02/05

Dear Sir,

Thanks. During my deposition at my home Shri P.K.Sengupta assured me to submit further documents and evidence at the time of argument and that I could submit the argument in writing. You have given the deadline of 25th Feb.2005 for argument. I have compiled it in writing. Owing to load shed and power cut I had to send some documents handwritten in order to maintain the deadline.

The parcel containing about thirteen topics weighing 3.5 Kg. is sent by air today the 23rd Feb.2005 and it must reach you tomorrow the 24th Feb.2005.

I have included a C.D. of photographs but could not prepare index to it for want of time. If the Commission desires so I shall complete and send the index in a week after receiving your communication.

Hoping to be acknowledged, with regards

Yours sincerely

Suresh Chandra Padhye

Amravati: 23/02/05

(Note that demand for index to photographs never came from JMCI.)


(Sent by Air parcel trough Blue Dart)



Khaparde Garden



Hon. Chairman,

Justice Mukherjee.

JMCI, Bahadurshaha Zafar Marg,

Kolkata (West Bengal)

Ref: JMCI letter dated 7.o2.05

Sub: Argument

Date 23.02.2005

Hon. Sir,

The argument is always between two parties, one is convinced and another is to be convinced I, therefore, submit the following for your astute judgement.

At the time of my deposition at home I was assured that the remaining relevant documents could be submitted at the time of argument. I, therefore, submit a few important documents in Part-I and Part-II dispatched herewith.

1.             Subhash Chandra Bose in his letter to Hemant Kumar Sarkar wrote ending himself in third person. Similarly, it be remembered that Shri Saradanandaji though himself Subhash referred Subhash in third person. He thought that Subhash was much inferior to him because of the ‘Sadhana’ and the stage he reached himself.

Another important factor is that he would dictate letters to me in the name of some Ashramites including Secretary Ramani Ranjan Das. The language used in letters in the file of correspondence is his becomes obvious.

2.             There are more than two hundred books on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and thousands of articles that I know of. I have selected 29 standard books. They were published immediately after 1945 upto recent time. After browsing through thousands of pages I extracted, categorized and clubbed various aspects, characteristics, trends, hobbies, habits, actions, thoughts and emulations. This type of work is the only of its type and it is almost a ready reckoner on Netaji’s life.

3              For want of time and to meet the deadline of the argument, I could not complete the same type of topical biography of Shri Saradanandaji of Shaulmari Ashram, the text of which is already submitted to your honor as pages of my daily diaries. The abridged comparative topical biography is submitted herewith to your honor under the title “ Netaji Vis a vis Babaji

4          My notes on Baba’s life to be posted against Netaji’s life on certain topics are ready. The Xerox copies of it are enclosed herewith in Part-II dispatch No.7.

5         Very hurriedly I have put some page numbers of Baba’s life against Netaji’s life on certain topics written in hand on ‘Netaji vis a vis Babaji”. It may be noted that word OK on topics in this work denote that similar text is there in the pages of diaries yet to be juxtaposed. If time permits I have to juxtapose Baba’s life after page 719 to the page 1498. The earlier pages juxtaposed are not necessarily complete. The ideal work would be to post the text of Baba’s life against Netaji’s topical biography. The hurdle is that with the change in size of lettering of the text of diaries, page number change and juxtaposition of Netaji and Babaji becomes awry and insignificant. Unless final print comes out page numbers cannot be fixed for juxtaposing or to prepare Index of names.

6         The handwritten Alphabetical Index of selected surnames/ names is attached herewith on the basis of page numbers of the script of diaries already submitted at the time of my deposition. If I receive communication from the Commission extending time limit I shall strive hard to complete the fair copy of placement of pages of Baba’s life on Netaji’s Topical Biography and if possible related text too. The notes for Index of place-names, surnames, topical Index is ready. I am sorry that I could not get time for typing. Therefore Xerox copies of handwritten indexes are sent herewith. The Damocles sword of your short time intimation and time limit is always haunting me and subsequent hard work is taking toll of my health both physical and mental.

7         Why there should be exact similarity of physical features like height, age, baldness, squint in eye (probably hereditary, as I watched similar squint in photo of brother Sarat and father Janakinath Bose too), red color of the skin, and most importantly the vertical scar on the left eyebrow and naevus below right breast spot? See the confession of Baba about scar on the eyebrow in diary.

8         Why Baba should change his name Saradananda as Sitendushekhar Brahmachari, Vijnanananda, and probably Baba Hanuman Giri like Netaji changed his name as Ziauddin, Orlando Mazzotta, Matsuda in order to give dodge?

9         Why both personalities should have fancy for cooking and food like ‘Moong dal’, bananas, curd, rock salt, lemon, spinach, apples, sweets made of milk or coconut, ‘Bhatebhat’, taking Sunrays in eyes, meditation, concentration, Yoga, creating Divine defensive circle or bulwark i.e. ‘Bedha’, gardening, exercise, long walks, badminton, love of ‘Panchvati’, commending Kamal Pasha Ataturk, describing Greek and Egyptian monuments, Vatican, writing in pencil, love of pets, voracious reading habit, asking for books, newspaper a must,  charity and alms to Sadhus, Fakirs and beggars love for Bijoy Krishna Goswami, Ishwarchandra Vidya Sagar, story telling, continuous talk, love and hate relationship with Nehru and Gandhiji, same rich language, use of ‘Of course’, hyphen, Idioms, libel suits, lodging complaints in writing and many other traits?

10.           Why both should have ideals of Swami Vivekananda, Ramkrishna Deo, Lord Buddha, Lord Christ, Shivaji, Rana Pratap, Rabindranath Tagore, Jagadish Chandra Bose, C.R. Das, Gandhiji, and most importantly heart had soul in poetry – English, Bengali, and Hindi? Why both knew German, English, French, Hindi, Sanskrit, Bengali, and Oriya languages? Why should both quote stanza of Alexander Pope’s poem? (And court death accordingly)

11.           Why should Baba of Shaulmari be inquisitive about person close to Netaji, such as

I refer.             He questions?    He exclaims!

Pritam Singh.          Who?        Colonel!          (To Uttamchand Malhotra at                           Dehradun)

Patwardhan.           Who?         Acchut!            (Diary)

Biyani.                     Who?         Brijlal!             (Diary)

Yagee.                     Who?         Shilabhadra!   (Diary)

Fischer.                    Who?         Louis!             (Diary)

Deo                           Who?        Narendra        (Diary)

12                       Why should Babaji be shocked to read about the death of Sarat Chandra Bose? Why should he exclaim? “ My whole world collapsed”? Why should Baba be dazed to know the death of Jagganath Bhonsle?

13.       Why should Baba express remorse about death of Justice Radha Vinod Pal or poet laureate of England?

14.           Why should INA people stick up to Babaji? Why should Colonel Pritam Singh, the last person to see off Netaji at Saigon on 17.8.1945 and Uttamchand Malhotra of Kabul, first man to shelter Subhash Chandra Bose in his great escape should stick up to Babaji? Why should Baba meet INA soldiers and ask to lady soldier about whereabouts of cadets of Rani Zansi Regiment by naming them?

15.           Why should Sushil Bhaumic, Haripad Bose, Dr. Gope Gurbax, Satya Gupta the rebellious members of Shaulmari Ashram and Uttamchand Malhotra and Hiralal Dixit of Subhashwadi Janata make hue and cry throughout nook ad corner of the country claiming that Saradanandaji of Shaulmari Ashram was Subhash Bose? Satya Gupta called himself ‘Major’ and addressed, “ A dog cannot forget his master”. He   claimed to be lieutenant of Subhash Chandra Bose, earlier.

16.      Why should Baba enquire about old guards of Subhash Chandra Bose like Bhagatram Talwar, Mohansingh, Captain Laxmi, Thakur Singh, Dr. Gairula, Acchut Patwardhan, Narendra Deo, Shankarrao Deo, Sahagal, S.A.Ayer, Swami, Jagannath Bhonsle, Dilip Kumar Roy, Anil Baran Toy, Satyaranjan Bakshi, and Prem Bhatia?

17.  How could Baba know that Dijen Bose liked raw eggs? Why should Baba know as to how Vijaya Laxmi Pandit used to prepare ‘paan, at Anand Bhavan and offer to guests? How could he know that Jayprakash Narayan or Acharya Kripalani did not consume marriage? How could he know Tandon and Rajgopalachari?    There are more than 143 points of similarities between Netaji and Babaji. Is it next to impossible possibility that Subhash Chandra Bose and Saradanandaji were different persons?

18. By this time by going through pages of my diaries the Commission must have realized why Mr. Pande (died in this month) former Secretary of Union Home Ministry refused to furnish top secret files on Netaji to JMCI stating in his affidavit that if released it would lower down Netaji’s image in public eye.

19. Why should Baba confess, ” Remember Suresh I am no more that boyish ambitious Subhash?

20.           Why should Baba say, “ Suresh has published my handwriting in Nagpur times. Anyway it is good for the future. It is the only piece of evidence in the world”?

21. Why should sleuths of Central and State Intelligence shadow Babaji all throughout his life like Netaji? Why not release files of Intelligence department? Why not obtain Intelligence Department’s file on me? Why this department has done away with original letters written to me by Baba? Why  the police confiscated photographs and negatives of the dead body and funeral?

22.           Was destiny continuing to play same cruel dance with Shrimat Saradanandaji’s life like that of Subhash Chandra Bose?

Yours faithfully


Parcel contains enclosures of argument.


1.             Diary pages 140, 264

2         Pages 1498

3.             Compact Disc of photographs

4.             Missing pages of diary of Amarkantak 40 pages.

5.             Sanskrit Shloka to be filled in blank on page 532.

6.             Tit bits (Snippets)


1.             Letter of argument.

1.        Netaji Vis a Vis Babaji. 132 pages.

2.        Alphabetical Index handwritten.

3.        Unfinished postings.

4.        List of topics to be transferred on Vis a Vis Netaji with page numbers of diaries.

5.        Published Shaulmari Ashram’s philosophical literature and challenges to people and MP’s.

6.        Copy of correspondence between Shaulmari Ashram and me. Complete file.

8.             Copy of complete file on Shah Nawaz Khan.

9.             Issue of Nagpur Times of 1970 in which Saradanandaji’s     handwriting and Netaji’s handwriting appeared challenging Justice Khosla.

10.           Compact disc (CD) of photographs: (i) Saradanandaji alive- front and back poses. (ii) Residential huts of Baba, at Shaulmari, Himalayas, Melghat, Amrkantak. And Jaldhakka. (iii) Photographs of dead body and of pyre. (Iv) Photographs of funeral. (v) Photos of family of Ramani Ranjan Das. (vi) Photos of Ashramites. CD contains more than hundred and fifty photos.

(Note that pages of diaries, Baba’s handwriting, some photos and other   papers were already submitted at the time of deposition. From time to time important documents were posted to JMCI. In spite of request I never received list and acknowledgement of delivered document.)


I hurriedly sent addenda to argument sent on 23rd Fe, 2005 through following Email

Date:        The 24 Feb 2005 00:04: 17-0800 (PST)

From:         “Suresh Padhye” < sureshpadhye @ yahoo com> * Add to                                   Address Book

Subject:    Argument (By Suresh Chandra Padhye, Amravati)

To:             jmcinscb@cal3 vsnl.net.in


Shri M.Roy

Officer on Special Duty, JMCI, Kolkata

Sub: Argument.

Dear Sir,

By this time you must have received my Air-parcel. The Blue Dart informed that it was delivered at 11 A. M. on 24th Feb.05.  In great hurry to meet the deadline I have forgotten most important point as below. Please cut it and paste it on page number four of submitted argument putting an arrow above last but one paragraph beginning with “Had…”

“ Why should Shri Baba indirectly admit that he was Subhash Bose by telling astrological forecast about him by a magazine in Kolkata when his whereabouts and birth were not known to anyone? Why Baba should he know doctor Gairula who attended Subhash Bose during and after operation at Vienna and Rome? Why should Kitty Kurti and Baba correspond similar to Subhash Bose? (Refer Prof. Gordon’s ‘Brothers against Raj ‘ Pp.282, 283. 687, and many references in diaries.) Why should Netaji as well as Baba discuss nuances of dream analysis in detail? Why should both elaborate Kantian theory of SYNTHESIS? Why should Baba instruct to contact Swami N.G. of INA (Intelligence chief in Germany and SE Asia) and see that Bose’s daughter Anita should be absolved from stigma? Why both should have ideal of Swami Vivekananda, Adi Shankaracharya and deep knowledge of Vedas, Upanishadas, Puranas, Ramayana, Mahabharata? Why both should have deep study of English literature, Sanskrit, Psychology, Psychological analysis, western and eastern philosophy, history and politics? Everything leads to fact that Baba and Netaji were not two different entities. Baba’s last confession at Dehradun,” I am no more that boyish ambitious Subhash” ends the mystery of Subhash Bose’s disappearance, which twelve Government of different countries two inquiry commissions have failed to unravel the truth. Yours is third in the line.”

I hope you will do the needful and oblige. I have followed your deadline of tomorrow the 25th Feb2005.

With regards

Yours sincerely

Amravati Dt/- 24/2/05

Suresh Chandra Padhye

* * *

On 5/3/2005 I wrote the following letter to JMCI.


Dr. S.S.Padhye

Khaparde Garden.

Amravati – 444601


Shri P.K.Sengupta

Secretary, JMCI


Sub:  Dnyaneshwar Deshpande

Dt/- 5.3.2005


I have already submitted biodeta of Shri Dnyaneshwar Deshpande, the man who arranged fake ashes of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in collaboration with the Japanese Southern Army H.Q.

If you feel like taking cognizance please note the following

“ Shri Dnyaneshwar Deshpande served as Secretary of Shri Rasbehari Basu in Tokyo. With him he attended the famous IIL conference at Bangkok. There he was appointed, as Chief In-charge of IIL in Burma, it being strategic nation adjoining India. He vacated his house in Rangoon for Netaji’s H.Q. He used to broadcast Netaji’s speeches, translated in Marathi language, from Singapore’s Azad Hind Radio.”

If you feel proper do note Babas narration about Radha Vinod Pal. He was the only member of Kangaroo court to give note of dissent on Tojo’s hanging.

I am bed-ridden with over strain and this is my last communication.

With best wishes,

Yours faithfully


* * *

On 29/03/2005 I sent a letter to JMCI as below.


I verified the script of the diaries submitted to you with the original diaries and to my dismay and shock I found that I have committed a grave blunder, which is biting my conscious all the while. I therefore request you to correct the following.

Under the date 12/06/1968 on page 1197, 9th line from below it is mentioned, ‘ Baba then turned to me and said, “ Suresh this is terrible… let me die here and now.”

This is not the version of Baba but of Dada i.e. Ramani Ranjan Das. So just scratch Baba and replace Dada. This version is not of Baba but of Dada.

By the way, although I am conscious of the fact that the Commission is in winding up phase it will be pertinent and important to bring it to your notice that the page of Nagpur Times that I have dispatched in papers of argument contains Shri Baba’s handwriting. This is in reference to Shri Baba’s confession in my visit to Dehradun under the date 17/11/1976, page 1381, tenth line from top. ‘Baba then remarked that in a way printing of his handwriting was good for future. The only piece of evidence before the world.’

It was my false hope that I shall receive acknowledgement of papers submitted for argument.

With due apology and best wishes,

Yours sincerely


* * *

In a letter dated 20 May 2005 JMCI informed me that the Government of India further extended the term of the Commission for six months beyond 14/05/2005

* * *

I received a letter dated July 6, 2005 from Secretary M. Roy of JMCI informing that ‘ the Commission will hold its next sitting on 06.19.2005 starting at 11.00 A.M. at the Seminary Hall, Annexe Building, Mahajati Sadan 166. Chittaranjan Avenue, Kolkata – 700007 when the Commission will discuss and deliberate upon the outcome of the visit of the Commission to Russian Federation for holding its enquiry there.’

Copies were forwarded to Mr. Tarkeshwar Pal, Learned senior Counsel, Government India and Miss Abha (Dutt) Roy, Learned Counsel for the Govt. of Bengal.

* * *

A letter of JMCI dated September 20, 2005 its sitting was due on 6/10/2005 at Mahajati Sadan to discuss and deliberate upon the outcome of the visit of the Commission to Russian Federation for holding its enquiry there.

* * *

Facts Suppressed

1.             Lord Mountbatten invited Jawaharlal Nehru, as guest to Singapore in 1946. Mountbatten was the chief of SE Asian command with H.Q. in Ceylon and shifted his H.Q. to Singapore after defeat of INA and Japan. Amritlal Seth, the editor of daily Matrubhumi of Gujarat accompanied Nehru. In a meeting Mountbatten warned Nehru not to praise INA or Netaji else he would be nowhere when Bose returns. Amritlalji conveyed this information immediately to Sarat Bose, elder brother and mentor of Netaji but Nehru never revealed it.

2.             Thirty-four classified files containing confidential information about Netaji were destroyed or shown missing after Nehru’s death by the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO).

3.             A Home member of Viceroy Wavell’s Council Mr. R. F. Mudie was told to prepare a confidential report on Netaji. This report was sent to Prime Minister Attlee of Great Britain for approval. Six alternatives were given to deal with Netaji on the spot. When caught alternatives were from hanging to let him be wherever he was in hiding. The Times of India published these alternatives on the front-page .The suppressed information was revealed only after Nehru’s death.

4.             Jawaharlal Nehru deputed Prof. Prafulla Chakravarti, professor of history in Calcutta University, to report on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s vanishing trick. He submitted the report in early 1950. Nehru and later Prime Minister’s office refused to release this report.

5.             In 1951, Jawaharlal Nehru deputed S.A.Ayer to visit Japan and report about Netaji. Ayer was then Director of Publicity of Maharashtra. He met Col.Tada who informed him about survival of Netaji. Col.Tada and Gen. Isoda were attached to Terauchi’s command and they were present along with Gen. Shidei of Burmese command at the last phase of Netaji’s escape. Nehru placed Ayer’s report before the Parliament but he was meticulous to omit escape part of Ayer’s report.

6.             In spite of his greatness Jawaharlal Nehru had weakness to suppress the truth whenever it was detrimental to his position. Columnist Dhanjaya Bhat in his article dated 19/10/2008 disclosed shocking information in Hitavada. It was an enigma to Netaji as to why India faced ignoble defeat in Chinese aggression of 1962. I gave Brigadier Dalvi’s book ‘The Himalayan blunder’ He thought Lt. General Kaul was related to Nehru but later explained to me that it was not so. Jawaharlal Nehru appointed Lt. General Henderson Brook and Brigadier Bhagat to find out causes of defeat in 1963. This Brook-Bhagat report was submitted in 1964. It was of three volumes with two hundred pages, Annexures and maps. The report blamed Nehru and Krishna Menon, the Defence Minister. The report was suppressed and is locked till today. British foreign correspondent Neville Maxwell managed to read the report in 1963 when it was just completed. He wrote a book ‘India’s China War’. Chau en Lai showed contents of Brook-Bhagat Report to Henry Kissinger when he visited China prior to visit of Nixon. It revealed that India was aggressive (without preparation.) Nehru during address at the Ayurvedic College of Ceylon declared that Indian army is ordered to attack disputed border area of Mc Mohan line. Therefore China immediately attacked when Indian army was off guard and not prepared. Nehru committed similar blunder of announcing ceasefire in Kashmir War of 1948 without consulting army. Like files on Netaji this report too is not made public.

7.             Surendra Mohan Ghosh was inmate of Netaji at Mandalay jail in Burma. He became Deputy Speaker of the Parliament. Jawaharlal Nehru deputed him to confirm whether the person concerned in Shaulmari Ashram was Subhash Bose or not who was publicized by Major Satya Gupta former worker of Netaji, who told the world that dog cannot forget his master, Dr. Gope Gurbax and Haripad Bose of Shaulmari Ashram, Uttamchand Malhotra, Hiralal Dixit and Subhashwadi Janata proclaimed that His Holiness Saradanandaji was Subhash Bose. Ghosh probably gave a positive report but Nehru never disclosed it. However Nehru got the shock of his life and ordered Department of Intelligence to keep round the clock surveillance. Mr. Dixit of the Central Intelligence tried to murder Saradanandaji but the vigilant bodyguards caught him red handed. The Government set Mr.Dixit scot-free on the ground of lunacy. Hereafter Dr.B.C.Roy, Chief Minister of Bengal, deputed state police to safeguard Saradanandaji. On this issue Dr. B.C.Roy had differences with Nehru and Nehru wanted B.C.Roy to resign, as Chief Minister of West Bengal.

8.             After giving independence to India the British Government published top-secret document about India in a book “Transfer of Power 1943- 47The British Government was in possession of information that Subhash Chandra Bose did not die in plane crash on 18th August 1945. This report would be made available in A.D.2021.

9.             In 1946 the Central Intelligence Department submitted a confidential report to Viceroy Wavell that Subhash Chandra Bose communicated with Nehru and that he was living in Moscow under assumed name of  “GIZAI MALAN “ The report claimed that this information was disclosed by The Russian ambassador in Kabul and the Russian Vice-Consul at Tehran.

Indian ambassador in Russia, Satyanarayan Sinha met Abani Mukherjee’s son Goga who told him that Netaji was locked in the adjoining cell of his father under the name “ KHILSAI MALANG ” in Gulag, Siberia.

There is another version of Japanese researchers that Netaji reached Omsk at the consulate of Azad Hind Government with alias “KATO KACHU “ on August 22,1945. They claimed Kato Kachu received Netaji in Manchuria on 23/8/1945

10.           The Government of U.S.S.R. in 1945 already denied presence of Subhash Bose in Russian territory through their official mouthpiece ‘ PRAVADA’ calling it as an absurd fairy tale. On 21/2/1996 Russian ambassador in Delhi lady ANATOLY DRUKOV reiterated officially and publicly that Subhash Bose never entered Russia after 18th Aug.1945. I have letter of the Russian Embassy denying the same. Yet man like Satyanarayan Sinha and scholars like Purabi Roy kept harping that Netaji entered Russia and was interned in a Gulag in Siberia.

Dipak Bose in his article in ORGANISER dated June 19th 2005, page 15, posed a question ‘Was Stalin responsible for Netaji’s death?’ Abani Mukherjee was the founder of Communist Party of India. Virendranath Chattopahya was brother of Sarojini Naidu and associate of Veer Sawarkar. They attempted to kill M.N.Roy and escaped to Russia. They suffered at the hands of Stalin and therefore it is inferred that Netaji also met the similar fate. Prof. Purabi Roy of Kolkata visited Moscow and examined some declassified documents on Netaji. She insisted that the Russian government regarding Netaji’s stay in Russia after 1945 did not release some secret documents. She wanted to see documents at Omsk where Azad Hind Government had a consulate and record of Irkutsk prison. She was working for Asiatic Society. There are references in Russian archives that Netaji was in Russia till death of Stalin in 1953, was in Moscow with Indian soldiers, was shot dead on the order of Stalin, etc The Government of India refused her permission to go to Russia again. She appeared before Mukherjee Commission many times and submitted documents in Russian. She also gave a list of five Russian witnesses. The Commission found that documents submitted and later translated had nothing to do with Netaji. The Commission visited Moscow, Omsk, and Irkutask. The witnesses denied that they ever told Mrs.Roy about Netaji. Scholars like Dipak and Mrs. Purabi Roy did not do proper homework. They did not study overall circumstances. How could Netaji go to Russia when he despised communism, Moscow rejected Visa to him, Jacob Malik in Tokyo did not entertain his letter, Japan was clandestinely trying to contact Russia for peace and Russia was under tripartite agreement of Malta. Is it not irony of fate that the Indian communists helped him to reach Kabul. Dipak is also a professor in a Japanese university teaching economics. He has transformed Khosla into Chopra time and again probably rightly assuming him villain Prem Chopra of Hindi films and the editor also did not bother about it.  There was also a rumor that Netaji’s speech was broadcasted after 1945 from Manchuria.

11.           Why on earth the Government of India passed a Government Resolution (GR) to remove Netaji’s portraits from all Government offices? The date and G.R. number is submitted to Mukherjee Commission in my deposition. What a shame! What a paradox! On one hand order is passed to remove Netaji’s portraits from offices and on the other hand his portrait is installed in the Parliament. If Netaji was dead who was afraid of his portraits. Was his ghost haunting? (Edward) Can any member of parliament locate, as to who was responsible to initiate this Government Resolution (GR) mentioned in Organiser of 7/11/1977. How much are politicians going to degenerate themselves and degrade Netaji whom Gandhiji eulogized as “ Patriot of Patriots “ while talking with Louis Fisher, the famous biographer? Netaji always reminded me Christ’s advice, ‘ Judge not lest ye be judged.’

12.           After partition of the country Mohammad  Jinnah absorbed INA soldiers in the regular Pakistan Army. Is it not distressing that Jawaharlal Nehru denied the same right and privilege to counterpart of INA in India? In fact the INA soldiers were genuine and real freedom fighters. They shed their blood at the altar of freedom of India.

13.           The last straw on camel’s back is an attempt to deny and suppress the verdict of the Mukherjee Commission that there was no plane crash at Taihoku (Taipei) in Taiwan (Formosa) on 18th August 1945 and that Netaji did not die there. That circumstantial evidence strongly denotes that ashes maintained in the Renkoji Temple of Tokyo are not of Subhash Chandra Bose but of Ichiro Okura. Those who will approve rejection of the verdict will be committing grave sin that progeny will never pardon.

14.         There are seventy-four files on Netaji in the Intelligence Bureau. One of it is in my name, which was wrongly titled under the caption Upadhya. Coincidentally there was retiring Prof. Upadhye in my department and local sleuth of Intelligence Department Mr. Shirkhedkar was vigorously shadowing him. When Mr.Upadhye took an appointment with the Secretary Education of Maharashtra, Bombay his letter was intercepted. The IB officers flew from Delhi to see and question him. They were puzzled to see an old man instead of a young recently married youth. All the files were not made available to Mukherjee Commission. On persistent insistence of the Commission, Mr. Kamal Pande, Secretary Home Affairs filed an affidavit claiming privilege under sections 123 and 124 of the Evidence Act and under Article 74(2) of the Constitution of India. He mentioned that disclosure would lead to public injury and lower down image of Netaji. Now the Mukherjee Commission is frying in the same stew. The Commission has maintained stony silence over my clinching evidence consisting of hundreds of pages of my daily diaries, written argument, his dictations, photographs, and handwritings beyond a shadow of doubt. Instead of the whole truth, thank God, the Mukherjee Commission boldly but half-heartedly revealed half-truth that Netaji did not perish in plane crash but JMCI was not dauntless enough to reveal the remaining half- truth. It needs courage of Da Vinci Code. Moreover denial of crash by JMCI is foggy and not positive. The statement is vacillating. The Government of India took its advantage and rejected JMCI report.

15.           Why about hundred and thirty-five armed guards were posted at the time of Netaji’s funeral at Rishikesh. I hired photographer of Jogi Studio of Dehradun to cover the snaps of the funeral. Why on earth Mr.Joshi, Superintendent of Police of Dehradun seized the negatives? Fortunately I have contact prints of those negatives.

16.           Why Jawaharlal Nehru did not disclose to the country that Netaji’s name was never in the list of international war criminals?

17.          Netaji was supposed to have died of third degree burn injuries in air rash at Nanmon military hospital of Taipei on 18th August 1945 and the news of his death was suppressed for five days and released on 23 rd August.

18.           He was supposed to have been cremated on 20thAugust     with  no record at crematorium and his ashes were carried on 5th Sept 1945. There is discrepancy whether the urn of ashes was flown from Taipei to Tokyo or carried by train from Fukuoka city.

19.           As per protocol Chief of Staff of Formosa Army General Isamaya, Chief of Staff of the Formosa Army, and Rikichi Ando, Commander of Formosa Army and Governor General of Formosa should have attended Netaji’s funeral but both were absent. It was reported that due to surrender of Japan Ando shut himself and later committed hara-kiri. To add insult to injury Isayama deputed Major Nagatomo. to attend the funeral.

20.           The British ruled Government of India sent Messrs Finney and Davis to the Far East to investigate the whereabouts of Netaji and if possible to arrest him. Two Indian military officers Mr. H.K. Roy and Mr. P.K. De were also in the party. All of them interviewed many people and concluded that Netaji died in the aeroplane accident. None of the party visited Formosa and the report was hearsay. The reason was General Mc Arthur was due in Japan and hence could not go to Formosa.

Three Inquiries

Reader should appreciate that some information mentioned in fieldwork and chronological order is repeated partly while clubbing information in text of armchair research work. The repetition is inevitable.

It is an exceptional phenomenon in the history of nations of the world that three official inquiries be instituted on the same enigma. In the last fifty years Govt. of India established three official inquiries spending crores of rupees to find out as to what happened to Subhash Chandra Bose on 18th August 1945 at Taiwan  (then Formosa). Sadly, none of the inquiries found out truth about life of Netaji after August 1945.

I.  Shah Nawaz Committee (1956 to 1957)

Owing to public pressure Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru officially appointed Shah Nawaz Khan Committee on April 5th 1956 to inquire into Netaji’s disappearance or death. The committee was composed of three members. Mr.Shah Nawaz Khan, cabinet minister and former officer of INA; Mr. S.N. Mitra, ICS, Commissioner of Andaman and Nicobar; and Suresh Chandra Bose, the elder brother of Subhash Chandra Bose. Mr. Khan was the Chairman of the Committee. None of the members had judicial acumen that is prerequisite for any official inquiry. The Committee did not visit Taiwan due to our Government’s refusal, as it recognized Communist China and did not give recognition to Chiang Kai Sheikh’s Government of Taiwan in UNO. Absence of diplomatic ties was the reason given for the refusal. The negative report was submitted in 1957.

The report of the Committee concluded on Habibur Rahman’s and Dr.Yoshimi’s (today 94 years old) deposition that the plane carrying Netaji crashed immediately after take off at Taihoku aerodrome at about 2.30 P.M. on August 18th, 1945 and Netaji succumbed to third degree burn injuries in the Nanmon branch of Army hospital the same day. However, member Suresh Chandra Bose gave a written note of dissent. The parliament accepted the majority decision that Netaji died at Taihoku (Taipei).

Mr. Shyamlal Jain of Meerut claimed that he was confidential typist of Jawaharlal Nehru during INA trial at Red Fort in 1946.  He deposed before Khosla Commission and stated that he typed Nehru’s dictation of a confidential letter to Prime Minister Attlee of Britain asking him to take action against Subhash Chandra Bose, their war criminal who was in Russia. Jain maintained that this letter was typed at Asaf ’s house in Delhi. Mr. Jain met us on the outskirt of Meerut. He also narrated that while leaving Singapore Netaji signed a court marshal order against Shah Nawaz Khan for surrendering to the British army against Netaji’s order to fight till the last breath and shoot the deserters. He sent a copy of his letter addressed to President of India Dr.Radhakrishnan through Maharaj Singh Bharati of Meerut on 23/3/1965. In this letter he claimed that Shah Nawaz Khan joined the Indian British Army as second lieutenant and rose to the rank of captain. When he joined INA he was promoted to the rank of Lt.General but in Red Fort trial he stated that he was Major General. He also narrated that Shah Nawaz Khan instigated Muslims against Hindus and Sikhs by quoting statement of Lt. Colonel Quadir of INA. In Red Fort trial Khan vouched that he was loyal to the British Army. His brother met him on the Burma front to persuade him to defect from INA. Khan’s confidential officer joined Pakistan Army. His son was also in Pakistan Army. He probably had double engine. One wife was in India and another in Pakistan.

Jain smoked a ‘bidi’ (crude rural cigarette of India) in presence of Netaji. Netaji rebuffed him and I had to drive him out. It may be remembered that Netaji was very particular about manners and protocols. He used to chastise his friends in England for sitting on sofa with folded legs. When he was Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Calcutta Corporation, the European Chief Engineer entered his office with a cigarette in mouth and Netaji snubbed him, “ Is it proper, Mr.Coates, to smoke before a Superior Officer?” Mr. Teruo Hachiya was appointed by Japan as ambassador to the Provisional Government of India. He reached Rangoon and sought appointment with Netaji. Netaji sent a word that without an appointment letter from the Emperor he would not receive him. He insisted on the proper formalities. I experienced that if some one was talking with him and a third person interrupted or someone was fidgeting with limbs before him, he would berate him. Crestfallen Jain left.

Netaji told me that Jawaharlal was not a fool to write a letter against Subhash to Attlee. He would never commit that folly in writing. The Mukherjee Commission in Vol. II B on page 305 in Status Report No.13 furnished a copy of the article by Shri Samit Dutta titled “ Netaji ‘Your Criminal’, Nehru wrote to Attlee.” published in Dainik Statesman of 19.09.2004 to the Director (CNV), Ministry of External Affairs seeking particulars. The information was not received. Mr. Dutta retired as Director of Central Bureau of Information. He has referred to one report dated 23.05.1946, sent by Mr.Denovan of American Consulate in Bombay to the Home Secretary of Government of USA. Denovan’s information was based on ‘his  source’. Mr. Dutta’s article was in Bengali and its translation in English was sent to the Director (CNV), Ministry of External Affairs Govt. of India on 28.9.2004. The reminders of the Commission are mentioned on page 312 and 317 of the same Volume. The exercise proved futile.

We tried to file libel suits against Shah Nawaz Khan at Alipurduar, N. Bengal, through our lawyer Mr.Ganguly and also at Amravati for his alleged derogatory statement published by Nava Bharat Times of Delhi in 1962. My eldest brother late R.S.Padhye who became High Court Judge later also instituted the libel suit in Court at Amravati against Nava Bharat Tines. The suit against Khan was not tenable due to time bar and moreover Khan refuted that he ever made such a statement. He was to be summoned as witness and then cross-examined. I am in possession of the whole Shah Nawaz File, a copy of which is submitted to the Mukherjee Commission. Subhash Chandra Bose was very sensitive and susceptible to criticism in newspapers in his early life and in recluse too.

It must be remembered that Subhashbabu filed number of libel suits against Calcutta’s newspapers including Catholic Herald and would send instructions regarding it from Mandalay jail. The Shaulmari Ashram filed several libel suits against many newspapers. The whole record is with Radhakant Pandey as well as office of late Niharendu Dutta Mazumdar.    Netaji warned me to see that at proper time Shah Nawaz Khan should not flee to Pakistan.  All said and done whether Shah Nawaz was blackmailed for past deeds in INA or bribed with ministerial berth by Jawaharlal Nehru to manage the desired verdict of the Shah Nawaz Committee that the plane carrying Netaji crashed at Taihoku aerodrome on 18th Aug.1945 and that the very day Netaji succumbed to burn injuries in army hospital. Shah Nawaz Khan in his article Netaji in Shri Ram Sharma’s book of 1948 denied death of Netaji in plane crash.

II – Khosla Commission (1970 to 1974)

Three hundred and fifty Members of the Parliament passed a resolution to freshly probe Netaji’s disappearance in Taiwan. Mr. Samar Guha and Chitta Basu took the leading role. The Indira Gandhi Government yielded to the demand and on 11th July 1970 established one man Commission of Justice G.D. Khosla. He was retired Chief Justice of Punjab High Court. With expected extensions he took four years to complete work by 1974. Netaji passed ICS examination in England at the age of 21. Mr. Khosla was his contemporary there. Once they met in a street near Parker’s Piece and Khosla gave unwanted advice to Netaji not to resign the ICS post. They had altercation on this point and Netaji snubbed him and scoffed at young Khosla for his slavish mentality. Khosla harbored animosity against Netaji since then. This becomes explicit from Khosla’s autobiography. I saw Khosla in high esteem because he took Honors degree in mathematics from London and passed ICS examination. He wrote blood-curdling book ‘Stern Reckoning’. I read it way back on 14.7.1956 and passed sleepless nights. It deals with account coupled with statistical data and photographs of the gruesome atrocities perpetrated on Hindus and Sikhs in the then west Punjab during partition of the country. Another horrors-strewn book ‘ Now it can be told ‘ by K.N.Bali was banned. Mr.Khosla became money-spinner. Prior to this Commission he headed four Government Commissions giving favorable verdict to the Government. That is why he was selected for the fresh probe on Netaji. When I read his Report I found him to be bard of the Nehrus. He wrote biography of Jawaharlal Nehru and also of Indira Gandhi. The first principle of judge or research scholar is not to remain prejudiced and biased. Mr. Gopal Das Khosla miserably lacked it  (In Lahore conspiracy Bhagat Singh stayed in the same bungalow shared by Khosla.)

I was agog to find Justice Khosla a biased, partial and rabid person. I thought the second inquiry commission was rare and last in the history of our nation. With this presumption I decided to give some clinching evidence about Netaji’s survival after 1945 so that it would be authenticated and historians would not blame me for keeping quiet. The problem was that I was dear and near to Netaji and I knew whosoever tried to reveal his presence got heavy punishment. I therefore wrote to Mr.Khosla to record my deposition in camera without disclosing it to press or public in my registered letter dated 3.10.1970. The commission was unmannerly not to respond. After two months I lost patience. I held couple of press conferences and gave piece of Netaji’s handwriting from a letter addressed to me in 1968. A large number of newspapers covered my statement. Loksatta of Express group gave bold headline on top of the front-page dated 28.12.1970. World knows how much suffering Express Group incurred for its fearless journalism during emergency. The Nagpur Times dated 8.1.1971 printed handwriting from Baba’s letter signed as Saradananda as well as Netaji’s original handwriting side by side for comparison. A layman could see similarity in Netaji’s signature Subhash and my name Suresh, long vertical ‘S’ and break after ‘Su’ being typical. PTI covered news all over India and hundreds of letters poured in. Hats off to postal department. One letter from Rajastan was addressed ‘ Sures Upadhya, Madhya Pardes. ‘ It reached me promptly. One telegram was addressed ‘Suresh Gadhye’ meaning ‘ Suresh an Ass’ and it too was delivered. I related this fun to him and Netaji narrated a story that once Maharaja of Jaipur accompanied with Swami Vivekananda left Delhi for Jaipur. He informed telegraphically to his Prime Minister to keep ‘Darbar’ ready on the platform to receive Swamiji. The ‘D’ was relayed as ‘B’ and distorted, as ‘Barber’.  Hence barber was kept ready to receive them. I was very popular with CBI and Postal department. I was under constant surveillance and every incoming and outgoing letter was intercepted, opened, censored and at times usurped. Some of Netaji’s letters are still missing. To be specific, one registered letter sent from Okhimath on Arab-Israel war and two long letters in his own hand, in a series of six letters, sent from Amarkantak have been unlawfully seized by CBI. The IB inspector Mr.Kasture begged for Photostats of handwriting and I obliged him, as he was maternal uncle of my friend Dr. Prabhakar Wadodkar who is mentioned witness No.103 in the Mukherjee Commission’s Report. When the copy of Nagpur Times dated 8.1.1971 reached Netaji, as expected, he simply exploded to see me turn a traitor. Warnings were sent through fellow brothers. My Principal was warned not to allow me to depose. Haribandhu Dutta reached personally with warning from him. I was helpless. My brother chastised me that to give evidence against his wishes would be stabbing him in the back. I had to shut up. Niharendu Datt Mazumdar also refrained me from deposing before the commission. Justice Khosla was simply furious because he was compelled to call me for evidence due to news items. I received three letters from Khosla Commission last being of 14/1/1971. A summons ordered me to be present on 22nd Jan.1971 (a day prior to Netaji’s 74th birth day) at Durbar Hall of Governor’s residence on Malabar Hill, Bombay. The Commission specifically informed to give oral evidence. It meant that documents of clinching evidence were purposely avoided. Published handwriting was not cared for. It was crystal clear that Mr. Khosla was bent upon avoiding the truth and favour the Government.

I reached Bombay couple of days earlier and stayed at my friend late Prof. H.B. Nirmal’s room at MLA hostel. Day and night I toiled and prepared notes to question Mr.Khosla at least for two days. They are still with me.

It was a bolt from blue. Niharendu Dutta Mazumdar came to my room in early morning. I wondered how he found me out. Earlier we met twice at the MLA hostel and lunched together. He took me to a room upstairs and introduced Shri Sailesh Bose and his wife. Sailesh Bose was younger brother of Netaji. After discussion Mrs. Sailesh Bose insisted to go with me to see Netaji. From my description she was convinced that personality I described was none else but Rangakakababu viz. Subhash. Sailesh Bose calmed down her excitement. It was decided that I should not depose before Justice Khosla. As referred earlier Niharendudada, lawyer for Bose family, was to submit clinching evidence of Deb Nath Das and that I should not go against categorical order from Him. Niharedudada was representing Bose family as lawyer before Khosla Commission.

As per rule when others were deposing I had to wait outside. Dr.Joshi of INA from Nagpur deposed. Then Usman Patel of Dhuliya told the Commission that he was Netaji’s bodyguard and he dumped Netaji’s uniform in a ditch made outside Taihoku aerodrome. He met me later. I stood in the witness box, Mr.Khosla roared, “Where did you see Netaji?” I replied that for his physical safety I could not disclose the destination. Khosla was furious and threatened me that he would arrest me. I said I did welcome it. Then Niharendu Dutta Mazumdar interfered. He climbed up the dais whispered in Khosla’s ear. I do not know what magic he played but Khosla mellowed down and I was allowed to step down. Press surrounded me and promised to print anything I would disclose. I had to keep mum. People thought I played a hoax for publicity. I literally wept. My condition was like a child whose father would not allow him to beg and mother would not serve him food.

Justice Khosla did not visit Taiwan. His inference is based on Japanese witnesses, especially Dr.Yoshimi, and Rahman who were purposely planted by the Japanese Government. I wonder as to how pilot Aoyagi deposed before him. This pilot was shown dead at the Taihoku hospital. Khosla report ratifies Shah Nawaz Khan committee’s contention that Netaji died due to burn injuries in plane crash on 18th August 1945 and his ashes were in Japan. He refused to talk about missing INA treasure though it was in terms of reference. His Report is insulting and derogative to Bose family. What business Khosla had to often describe Netaji as Japanese ‘puppet’, ‘quisling’, ‘ tool of Japanese’, pawn in the hands of Japanese.’ It shows his rabidity and rancor reared against Netaji. In contrast to this he praised Nehru family like a hired bard. Less said the better about him.

My notes of discrepancies, fallacies, biasness, and pitfalls on Khosla report are in the margins of Hindi version. The copy belonged to my close friend Jambuwant Dhote, M.P. of Forward Block. He took away the copy.

III- JMCI & Report (1999 to 2005)

Late Morarji Desai, the then Prime Minister, made statement on the floor of Parliament in the Lower House i.e. Lok Sabha on August 28, 1978 that in view of additional record procured, doubts and discrepancies the Government found it difficult to accept the earlier findings of Shah Nawaz committee and Khosla commission. Members of the Parliament persuaded Prime Minister to appoint third probe into disappearance of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Mr. Samar Guha, M.P. of Forward Block, took the leading initiative. It proved futile.

A group of scholars from Kolkata filed a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the High Court of Kolkata on April 30, 1998. They did research work on Netaji for twenty years. The Divisional Bench of the Kolkata High Court delivered the verdict to start a fresh probe. The following Email (repeated here) to me from this group responsible for setting the JMCI is explicit about industriousness of the research group.

“ Date: Wed, 11 Jun 2003 18:58:29 + o1oo (BST)

From:  @ “Rudhra Jyoti”

<rudhrajyotibhattacharjee @ yahoo.co.in > | this is span | add to address Book

Subject: visit of justice Mukherjee commission from 27-6-2003 to 30-6-2003

To: sureshpadhye @yahoo.com.



Khaparde Garden,


Pin 444 601

Re: Visit of Justice Mukherjee Commission from 27-6-2003 to 30-6-2003 for hearing your evidence.


I, myself including my associates as described herein below am overwhelmed to get your introduction as well as the tremendous work done by you from your affidavit and we shall be further happy to meet you in your place.

For the purpose under reference I feel pleasure to introduce myself to be friendlier with you. I, Rudhra Jyoti Bhattacharjee, moved before the Honourable High Court at Calcutta for setting up an inquiry commission to enquire into the mysterious disappearance of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and also settled the terms of reference in the said judgement which are the terms of reference before this commission of Inquiry and the said Commission has required us to be present at the hearing of your evidence.

I being an advocate believe that your evidence would be very much vital for the purpose of this Commission.

I along with my under mentioned associates are very much keen to be present at the time of hearing your evidence from 27 June 2003 to 30 June 2003 at your place.

My Associates are-

1.        Keshav Bhattacharjee, Advocate, High Court, Calcutta.

2.        Nandalal Chakrborty, Professor (Pol/Sc)

3.        Surojit Dasgupta, a researcher on the subject.

4.        Tarun Mukherjee. A researcher on the subject.

5.        Dr. Madhusudan Pal, Cardio Thorasic Surgeon, Calcutta Medical College and Hospital, Calcutta.

The above mentioned persons are working on the subject for more than twenty (20) years and have been able to collect many documents which have enabled me to obtain the order to set up the Inquiry Commission.

Sir, we shall be highly obliged if you be kind enough to make a suitable arrangement for our stay at your place at the minimum most expenses and confirm me as per return. We solicit your hearty co-operation.

Thanking you

Yours friendly

(Rudhra Jyoti Bhattacharjee)

The writ petition filed by these scholars is mentioned on page 3 of Vol.-I of the JMCI Report and their names are referred on page 18. The judgement and directives are given to the Government by the Calcutta High Court in this writ petition under PIL is on page 5.  It is as below:

1.          To declassify and disclose all documents relating to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose including the Indian National Army.

2.          To make a categorical statement whether name of Netaji was and still is in the list of war criminals drawn up after the Second World War and issue a press communiqué to the said effect.

3.          Not to allow any agency or publisher or any person to publish the story of the death of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in the alleged plane crash on 18/8/1945.

4.          To disclose the stand of the Government of India regarding Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose if he is found on Indian           soil- “Whether Government of India will welcome him or hand over him to the allied forces for trial as war criminal and make a press communiqué to that effect” and

5.          To produce and/or transmit all records, files and documents as mentioned in Annexure “F” to the petition about disappearance of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose since August, 18, 1945 and subsequent therein.

The West Bengal Legislative Assembly passed unanimous resolution in favor of fresh probe on December 24, 1998. The Government of India had to appoint a fresh probe into mystery of Netaji and in its notification dated 14/5/1999. One-man commission of former Supreme Court Judge Shri Manoj Kumar Mukherjee was appointed through notification of May 14, 1999. The commission was titled, as Justice Mukherjee Commission of Inquiry (JMCI) For Inquiry into alleged disappearance of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.  The terms of reference on the basis of directive of the Calcutta High Court were:

Whether Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose is dead or alive?

(a)      If he is dead, whether he died in the plane crash, as alleged;

(b)     Whether the ashes in the Japanese temple are ashes of Netaji;

(c)      Whether he has died in any other manner at any other place      and, if so, when and   How?

(d)           If he is alive, in respect of his whereabouts.

After due extensions of time and refusal for further extension JMCI completed the probe on November 8, 2005 and the Report was submitted to the Union Home Minister Shri Shivaraj Patil on the very date.

Hats off to Justice M. K. Mukherjee and his team.  They did meticulous and rigorous search for the Truth. In six years the Commission visited many places in India and travelled to England, Singapore, Vietnam, Taiwan, Japan, and Russia. The Commission tried to dig out lot of information and files on Netaji but bureaucrats always gave a cold shoulder. The Head Quarter was established at ‘B’ Block, (Third Floor), 11/A, Mirza Ghalib Street, Kolkata 700 007. The Government agencies were not helpful to the Commission and it faced lot of impediments right from getting phone to telex. Retired High Court Judges, Sessions Judges, and IAS officers were officially assisting Justice Mukherjee.

Praise to Justice Mukherjee and his team for rendering yeoman service. They did meticulous and rigorous search for the truth but hesitantly and half-heartedly revealed half the truth that Netaji did not die in plane crash.

The JMCI Report is in two volumes in three Books. The volumes are in English language. Volume-I is of 340 pages including Annexure, appendix, and letter of priest of Renkoji Temple. Tokyo. The first 122 pages are devoted to inquiry and on page 123 important conclusions are give as below:

i.      Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose is dead.

ii.      He did not die in the plane crash as alleged.

iii.      The ashes in the Japanese temple are not of Netaji.

iv. In absence of any clinching evidence a positive answer cannot be given.

The conclusion is based on solid circumstantial evidence. The remaining pages of the First Volume contain list of 131 witnesses examined and list of 308 exhibits.

Volume-II-A Pp 1 to 195 and Volume-II-B Pp 186 to 329 contain mostly bimonthly Status Reports sent to the Government of India regarding progress of working. The Commission left no stone unturned to obtain documents containing vital information regarding Netaji. These Volumes are an epic of correspondence with various Ministries of the Central Government, Archives in India and abroad, report of visit to Britain, Russia, Taiwan, Japan, Singapore, and Vietnam etc. These Volumes are saga of letters — seeking information, reminders, abeyance, delay, denials, visits and recording of evidence. Almost each paragraph of Status Report ends with, ’reply is awaited’, ‘information not available’, ‘information yet to receive’.

As per deadline of the Government JMCI submitted Report on November 8, 2005 to Home Minister Shivaraj Patil. The Report was tabled in the Parliament on 17 May 2006. The Report was not made public or released to Press. Each Member of Parliament was furnished with a copy of Report in two Volumes in three books. Anant Gudhe is elected member of Shivsena from my constituency and we knew each other well. I requested him to provide his copy of Report and he was gracious to oblige me.

Memorandum of Action Taken on the Report of JMCI in brief on one sheet provided separately with Report. It refers terms of reference of the Commission and declare in Action Taken Report that “The Government has examined the Report submitted by the Commission on 8th November 2005 in detail and have not agreed with the findings that—(a) Netaji did not die in the plane crash, and  (b) the ashes in Renkoji Temple were not of Netaji.” The Report was placed before the Parliament and on separate sheet for delay in tabling the report is mentioned.

During debate in the Parliament on the Report Home Minister Shivraj Patil remarked that the Government rejected and pooh-poohed the Mukherjee Commission Report, as it was ‘inconclusive, indecisive, and ambiguous’ He further added in the Parliament that investigations conducted by Khan and Khosla were more credible than that of Justice Mukherjee. (See news dated 26/8/2006 in the chronological text)

Subroto Bose, Netaji’s nephew and M.P, demanded that the Government should withdraw the Action Taken Report, as the Government was suppressing facts and information regarding Netaji.

Against the rejection of JMCI Report in Action Taken Report of the Government there were lot of demonstrations and roads were blocked in protest on April 3, 2007. The whole country was astir. Effigies of Shivaraj Patil, Home Minister were burnt and an apology was demanded from the United Progressive Alliance Government. (UPA) The Government ameliorated the hurt feelings of people by declaring that the Centre was making efforts to spread Netaji’s legacy and the constant efforts were being made by ministries and departments of both the Central and State Governments to spread message and legacy of Netaji. (Refer news of 15/4/2007). The Forward Block was party to UPL Government and hence piquant situation arose. The Government was thriving on thin majority with support of allied political parties.

The Report was put to debate and discussion in Lok Sabha on 2nd and 3rd August 2006 and in Rajyasabha on 24 August 2006.  Most of the political parties participated in the debate and criticised the Government. However, the Government was thick skinned rhino and stubborn.

Debabrat Biswas is Member of Parliament of Forward Block. He is editor of ‘Jana Garjana’ of Delhi. It is the mouthpiece of Forward Block. I do not know how I get issue of Jana Garjana regularly though I am not subscriber. In August 2007 issue of ‘Jana Garjana’ it is reported that Debabrat Biswas, Subroto Bose, Dr.Varun Mukherjee, Hiten Barman, and Narhari Mahanto called upon Prime Minister Man Mohan Singh and submitted a memorandum seeking recognition for Report of Mukherjee Commission.

Contents of JMCI Report

Justice M.K.Mukherjee and his team did meticulous and rigorous search for the Truth. The Report is in two volumes in three books. The set up of Volume I is as below:

Chapter one is preamble

Chapter two is the Inquiry divided in  (a) Preliminaries (b) limitations and constrains, (i) records/ documents. (ii) DNA test of ashes (c) Evidence gleaned/adduced both oral and documentary. (d) Arguments.

Chapter Three deals with whether Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose is dead or alive.

Chapter Four deals with different versions of Netaji’s death. The summary is as below:

(I) Death in Red Fort:  Shri Usha Ranjan Bhattacharjee deposed that Netaji was murdered at Red Fort on August 16, 1945 at zero hour. He was arrested in Seramban in Malaya and brought to Delhi on the previous night via Singapore. His ashes were buried in Red Fort. JMCI maintained that the story was given out of presumption and assumption. In view of absence of evidence the story was rejected as figment of imagination. (P.31)

(II) Death in the plane crash: So called death of Netaji on August 18th 1945 at Army hospital of Taipei in Taiwan due to air crash in the noon declared by the Government of Japan is discussed at full length from page 42 to page 107. On the basis of robust circumstantial evidence the Commission found that there was no air crash as per Government of Taiwan and Netaji never died at Army hospital of Taipei. The ashes in Renkoji temple of Tokyo were of Ichiro Okura. The Commission has omitted my affidavit and contention that Field Marshal Terauchi managed his escape and Netaji went to Tibet. There is no mention of my charts and script showing absurdity of plane crash. JMCI thoroughly investigated the story of plane crash and devoted from page 42 to 107 to depict the detailed account.

Noteworthy information on page 95 to 98 is that “It seems that Ichiro Okura, who was a member of Japanese Government Army, died of heart failure on August 19, 1945 in the Army Hospital. Dr. Yoshimi obtained his death certificate from Dr.Tsuruta on 21/8/1945 It was shown death certificate of Netaji and birth date of the deceased was 9/4.1900 where as Netaji’s birth date is 23/1/1897. The Army Officers and Rahman cremated him and obtained certificate in the name of Chandra Bose. The date and time of cremation according to Tan Ti is August 22,1945, 6.30 P.M. (Page 103). He was officer in charge of issuing cremation certificates. However Rahman all the while maintained cremation of Netaji took place on August 22, 1945. (S.A.Ayer stated death of Netaji on August 18, 1945 and cremation on August 20, 1945.)  Second astounding information is on page 99. Habibur Rahman’s statement before earlier Commission is recorded that the plane that crashed was “possibly over 12 to 14000 feet.” I feel some passenger including Rahman must have been ‘SUPERMEN’ to survive unscathed.

(III) Death at Dehradun: This is dealt with from page 108 to 111. The Commission gives review of setting up of Shaulmari Ashram in 1959 at Falakata in Cooch Behar district of North Bengal. The Ashram was sprawled over hundred acres of land and 1500 people lived there. The Sadhu stayed in the Ashram for 6/7 years and then moved to several palaces and finally settled in Dehradun in 1973. The Commission mentioned major Satya Gupta but avoided to mention Uttamchand Malhotra, Haripad Bose, and Dr Gope Gurbax who spread the news all over India in 1962 that Shri Saradanandaji of Shaulmari Ashram was Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Eight witnesses viz. Sudhanshu Kumar Poddar, Sudhir Kumar Poddar, Lalit Mohan Chowdhuri, Bikash Chandra Guha, Sujit Kumar Biswas, and Subhash Ranjan Dasgupta. Dr.S.S.Padhye, and Viswajit Dutta maintained that Shri Saradanandaji was Subhash Chandra Bose.  On the other hand, Rajat Kanti Bhadra, Dinbandhu Dutta, and Nikhil Chndra Ghatak stated that Shri Saradanandaji was not Netaji. The Commission rejected the contention of eight witnesses stating that the experts of handwriting rejected the handwriting of the letter submitted by Mr.Bikash Chndra Guha as handwriting of Netaji. The Commission also upheld deposition of Rajat and Dinbandhu that Saradanandaji was not Netaji. From Advocate Ghatak’s statement that Saradanandaji was born in a Brahmin family of East Bengal was upheld wrongly quoting me as approver. There is no mention or opinion of expert on handwriting of Saradanandaji submitted by me.

(IV) Death in Sheopurkalan: ‘Sadhu’ by name Jyotirdev lived in Sheopurkalan in Madhya Pradesh for many years and died on May 21, 1977.JMCI examined five witnesses claiming that ‘Sadhu’ was Netaji. Mr. Jagannath Prasad Gupta claimed that before independence a plane       crash-landed and a ‘Sadhu’, Col. Habibur Rahman, and Hitler survived the crash. All witnesses asserted that Jyotirdev was Netaji. The Commission outright rejected this absurdity. I have photograph and handwriting of Jyotirdev, the imposter.

(V) Death in Faizabad: There was one Gumnami (nameless) Baba, also known as Bhagwanji or Pardewale Baba. (Remaining always behind curtain). JMCI has devoted pages from 114 to 122 of 31 witnesses claiming this Baba was Netaji. Dr. Alokesh Bagchi of Gorakhpur, Ashok Tandon, Shakti Singh, and Kailash Nath Jaiswal of Faizabad claimed that after death of Stalin in 1953 Netaji escaped from Soviet Union came to India and lived at different palaces in Uttar Pradesh. They gave details of Netaji’s stay and duration at different places. Lastly he stayed at ‘Rambhawan’ in Faizabad. ‘In September 1985 he left for unknown destination leaving behind large number of household articles including his family photos, books, letters and documents in ‘Rambhawan’. Netaji’s niece Lalita Bose and two others filed a writ petition No.929 in 1986. As per directive of the writ petition District Magistrate of Faizabad took custody of all articles and kept them in treasury of Faizabad. Out 2600 articles JMCI took 700 relevant articles.

Other witnesses claimed that he was Sant Samrat Yogi also known as ‘Mauni Baba’ and stayed in his Ashram in Nimisharanya near Sitapur. According to Krishna Gupta, Suresh Chandra Bose, elder brother of Netaji, in 1963 stayed with Mauni Baba for ten days in a temple.  Mauni Baba’s photograph with goggles on have no semblance with Netaji. Similar photo was shown by Subhash Dasgupta to be of Gumnami Baba.

Mr.Ghosh testified that he met Netaji in 1965 in Basti where he lived as Bhagwanji. Mr. Pandye said he met Gumnami Baba in 1967 at Basti.  Dr. P Banerjee deposed that along with his parents he met a saint at Brhmakund in Ayodhya 1974/1975. The saint did not show his face and was talking from behind the curtain. He called him ‘Pardewale Baba’ and that he was Netaji. Raj Kumar Shukla asserted that his mother Saraswati Devi was Bhagwanji’s attendant in 1955-1956 at Singarnagar and thereafter till his death in 1985. Some claimed that Bhagwanji died on September 16, 1985 at Rambhawan in Faizabad. Nandalal Chakraborty admitted he never saw face of Gumnami Baba. It was claimed that dignitaries from Calcutta used to visit Bagawanji on Netaji’s birthday on 23rd January and during Pooja festival. Amongst them were Smt. Leela Roy, Prof. Samar Guha, Dr.Pabitra Mohan Roy and Amal Roy. Bhagwanji used to talk with them from behind curtain.

JMCI examined handwriting of Gumnami Baba alias Bagawanji through experts. There was difference of opinion. However out of nine teeth of Bhagwanji five were found. DNA test was performed on it and result was that Bhagwanji had not been from Boses either from paternal or maternal side. The finding of JMCI rejected Gumnami Baba as Netaji.

In the above episode I had talk with Dr. Bagchi of Gorakhpur. Dr.Pabitra Mohan Roy was in intelligence department of INA. He visited our place at Dehradun. I have photograph of Mauni Baba. Star news projected a programme on Gumnami Baba of Faizabad and gave wide publicity to Anuj Dhar’s claim that Bagawanji was Netaji. I had lot of correspondence with Anuj Dhar. Like scarlet Pimpernel Netaji was here, there, and everywhere.

As per Prof. Priyadarshi Mukherjee of JNU, a Chinese in his book ‘Forgotten Images’ edited by T.R. Sareen stated that Netaji visited Nanjing. No record was found about this.P.305 of Vol.II B.

Chapter Five sums up conclusions in one page on page number 123. Although I have referred the salient points of conclusion earlier here I give full text as below:

Conclusions of JMCI

1.1     In view of and in conformity with the preceding discussion the response of the Commission to the terms of reference, seriatim, is as follows:

(a)      Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose is dead;

(b)     He did not die in the plane crash, as alleged;

(c)      The ashes in the Japanese temple are not of Netaji;

(d)     In absence of any clinching evidence a positive answer cannot be given; and

(e)      Answer already given in (a) above.

5.11 As regards the ancillary query  (vide paragraph 3 of the Notification) the Commission is of the view – consequent upon its above finding — that in undertaking the scrutiny of publication touching upon the question of death or otherwise of Netaji, the Central Government can proceed on the basis that he is dead but did not die in the plane crash, as alleged.

Sd/- M.K.Mukherjee

Chairman, JMCI


November07, 2005

* * *


After Chapter five from page 124 to 303 Annexure A to D with sub-numbers are collectively given.

They contain important inward and outward letters.

Appendix – I

List of witnesses

In all the Commission examined 131 witnesses in India and abroad. The number, name of witnesses examined, date of deposition and place where statements of witnesses were examined and recorded are at the end as Appendix-I consisting eleven pages in Volume-1.

Out of 131 witnesses in Appendix-I of Volume –II, I personally know the following witnesses:

I personally and thoroughly know Col. Pritam Singh (Witness No 3) I had lot of interaction with him when Shri Saradanandaji was living at 194, Rajpura Road, Dehradun. He used to come daily during what is called Saradanandaji’s ‘Samadhi’. I lived with Rajat Kanti Bhadra (CW 81) and Dinbandhu Dutta (CW.82) in the Himalayas with Baba. I took food at Rajat many a time at Shaulmari. Dinbandhu and his brother late Haribandhu stayed at my home. Haribandhu was with me in the Himalayas, Amarkantak Jaldhakka and Melghat. His widow sister Shantididi and mother Masima used to take my care.                                                                                                                         At Shaulmari Ashram I had many occasions to dine at Dutta brothers. I personally met Advocate Ghatak (CW.83) of Jalpaiguri with Lalit Mohan Choudhuri (CW 78) and Rajat. I stayed with Lalit Mohan Chowdhury at Mainaguri. I stayed at Poddars’ Kothi (Mansion) in Calcutta but I am not sure whether CW.76 and 77 are same. Subhash Ranjan Dasgupta (CW 85) stayed at my house. I had a meeting with Shri Samar Guha (CW.13). He cancelled his dinner meeting and met me at his official residence in South Block, Delhi. He always carried a badge of Netaji on his chest. I have his letter too. Dr.Alokesh Bagchi of Gorakhpur (Cw 17) and Anuj Dhar of Delhi (CW.50) corresponded with me. There is hardly a person related to Shaulmari Ashram who does not know me. Dr. Prabhakar Narayan Wadodkar (CW 103) rendered his services in this research project. He was in the Himalayas and Melghat with me to serve Shri Saradanandaji. I, S.S.Padhye, am shown CW 102.

Recently Prof.Bhasin, Ajmera Sigh, Sharma  and their team carried research work on ‘swami’ of Shaulmari Ashram at Dehradun and concluded that Swami was none but Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.


List of Exhibits

In this Appendix –II the list of exhibits is given covering nineteen pages. The list consists of number, sub-number, and short description. In some cases name of the contributor of exhibit is mentioned while in others it is omitted knowingly or unknowingly. At the end tow letters of a Japanese priest where ashes are supposed to be kept are given.

Out of voluminous documents submitted during my deposition at my home on 28, 29, and 30th June 2003 and also sent by post from time to time, and submitted with written argument, the following are recorded in JMCI report.

Note JMCI has spelled Shaulmari as shoulmari throughout report.

Exhibit No. Short description

104                                          Handwriting of Swami Saradanandaji of Shaulmari

Material Exhibit IV                 Photograph of Swami   Saradanandaji

107                                          13 printed leaflets of Shaulmari Ashram

108                                          A booklet ‘ Atma Bikasher Pratham Sopan ‘ that consists teachings of Saradanandaji Maharaj

158,158/1 & 158/2                  an affidavit and signature of S.S.Padhye

158 (a), 158 (a)/1                    2nd affidavit and signature of S.S.Padhye

159 to 159 (f)                          Photocopies of letters written by Vijnanananda Saradananda addressed to S.S.Padhye

160                                          Photocopy of page 40-41 (first three paragraphs) of the book   ‘Hansagaan’ of Shree Madhav Gokhale

160 (a)                                     English translation of the above book (pages 40-41) by Dr.P.N.Wadodkar

161, 161/1                               Letter dated 13.7.2000 & signature of S.S.Padhye thereon address of Zee network

162 (a) & 162                           Photocopies of letter of K.K. Roy to S.S. Padhye with sender’s address on the envelope. (It should be R, K. Roy- Ramendra Kumar Roy)

163                                                                                                Photocopy of letter dt/-27/1/1977 to S.S.Padhye from Ramani Ranjan Das, Secretary Shaulmari Ashram.

154                                          Photocopy of writings in the pad of Shaulmari Ashram.

155                                          Biography of Netaji containing 1497 pages. These are pages of my daily diaries referred to and since writings in diaries deal with Saradanandaji it seems the Commission has accepted him as Netaji, as it called it biography of Netaji.

MAT. Exhibit: XVIII to XVIII {k} and several photographs. (Is this referred to CD-ROM of mine?)

Note. In exhibit 181 to 181 (d) there is mention of letters from Rajat, and 182 to 182 (y) letters from Ranen (Ramen?). I am not sure whether these are mine. There is no mention of Shah Nawaz Khan file, correspondence file of Shaulmari Ashram, 194, Dehradun photographs, photographs of funeral and many newspaper cuttings. My letter to JMCI with enclosures, Netaji vis a vis Babaji 138 pages and many other things including C.D. containing more than 150 photographs.

Volume – II A & II B

Status Reports

Reference to this is made already. To maintain chronology it is mentioned again. Volume II-A, Pp 1 to 195 & Volume II-B Pp 196-329 contain mostly bimonthly Status Reports sent to the Government of India regarding working of JMCI. The Commission left no stone unturned to obtain documents containing vital information regarding Netaji. These volumes are an epic of correspondence with various Ministries of the Central Government, Archives here and abroad and visit to Britain, Russia, Taiwan, Japan, etc. These two volumes are saga of letters seeking information, reminders, abeyance, delay, denials, visits, and recording of evidence without mentioning the contents. Almost each paragraph of Status Report of the Commission invariably ends with ‘reply is awaited’, ‘information not available’, ‘information yet to receive.’

On page 227 of Volume – II B in status report from 01/06/2003 to 30/06/2003  clause 12 mentions,

“ The evidence of two deponents available in Pune and one deponent available in Amrabati, Maharashtra, have been recorded by the Secretary of the Commission on its behalf in the last week of June, 2003.” Here there is no mention of date or name and Amravati is typically spelled as Amrabati in Bengali style. In Bengali toning Amravati is changed as Amrabati or Panchvati as Panchbati.

Shameful Blunders of JMCI

Most important baseless and absurd finding of JMCI: The Commission in its report on page 110 of Chapter IV mentions, “ CW 83 (Nikhil Chandra Ghatak), who is a senior practicing Advocate in Jalpaiguri Courts and also a lecturer in Jalpaiguri Law College and who was looking after the litigations concerning and/or relating to the Ashram, categorically stated that the Sadhu had denied in no uncertain terms that he was Netaji born in wedlock of Janaki Nath Bose and Bivabati Bose and asserted that he was born in a Brahmin family of East Bengal (now Bangladesh) and reiterated his aforesaid denial/assertion in various meetings held in the Ashram as also meetings outside. This was corroborated by another witness, viz. CW 102 S.S.Padhye. Admittedly, Netaji was born in a Kayastha family of Cuttack in the State of Orissa.”  The statement in my name that I approved that Sadhu was born in a Brahmin family is a white lie of JMCI to avoid the truth and suppress my full proof evidence.


1.        On page 110 of Vol.I the above underlined deposition of CW 83 Advocate Nikhil Chandra Ghatak of Jalpaiguri, whom I met, mentions Netaji was son of wedlock of Janaki Nath Bose and Bivabati Bose. Whose shameful blunder is this? Whether it is of learned Advocate Ghatak or JMCI or proofreader. JMCI is devoid of basic knowledge of life of Subhash Chandra Bose. Netaji has given history of his lineage in his autobiography in Chapter II.

2.        The history of Bose family is traced back for about 27 generations. The founder of the Dakshin-Rarhi clan of Boses was Dasarath Bose. Out of his two sons Parama went over to East Bengal. Great-great grandson of Dasarath was Mukti Bose, who lived at Mahinagar, fourteen miles south of Calcutta. Eleventh in descent from Dasarath was Mahipati. King of Bengal appointed him as Minister for Finance and war and conferred the title of Subuddhi Khan on him. He had ten sons and his fourth son Ishat Khan continued father’s position in the Royal Court. He had three sons all conferred with titles from the king. The second son Gopinath Bose was appointed Finance Minister and Naval Commander. He was rewarded title as ‘Purandar Khan’. Purandar Khan was a reformer. Before him there were two wings of Kayastha – Kulin (the Boses, the Ghoses, and the Mitras) and Maulik (the Dutts, the Deya, the Roys etc.) As a rule Kulin and Moulik did not inter marry. Purandar laid down a new custom that only the eldest son of Kulin would marry daughter of Kulin. Rest was given free hand. Descendents of Purandar moved to Kodlia and lived there for ten generations,  (Famous comrade M. N. Roy was from the neighbouring village) As per Sanskrit language Bose are originally Basu and deformed as Vasu. Janakinath Bose, Netaji’s father, was thirteenth in descent from Purandar Khan. Haranath had four sons viz. Jadunath, Kedarnath, Devendranath, and Jankinath. Though by tradition Boses were Shakta, Haranath was pious Vaishnav who stopped sacrifice of goat at Kali Pooja. Janakinath was born on 28 May, 1860 and his wife Prabhabati was born in 1869. Janakinath took law degree and settled down at his brother Devendranath at Cuttack where brother was principal. Janakinath started law practice in 1885. He was eminent lawyer and Government pleader also. Kashinath Dutt was a rich man of Baranagor, six miles north of Calcutta. His son Ganganarayan Dutta was a reputed person and had nine sons and six daughters. Prabhabati was the eldest daughter. She became wife of Jankinath and had eight sons and six daughters. Her children too had eight to nine offsprings. Subhash was ninth child. Prabhabati had first daughter at fourteen. She had fourteen children out of which thirteen survived. In 1884 daughter Pramila was born, Then daughter Sarala in 1985, then five sons. Satish in 1887, Sarat in 1889, Suresh in 1891, Sudhir in 1992, Sunil in 1994, next daughter Tara Bala in 1895, then Subhash in 1897, followed by three daughter Molina in 1898, Protiva in 1900, Kanaklata in 1902, and two sons Sailesh in 1904, and Santosh in 1905. As child Santosh died.

Sarat Chandra Bose, son of Jankinath and Prabhabati, was second son married with Bivabati (Vibhavati) Dey, daughter of Akshya Kumar Dey of the well-known College Street Dey family of Kolkata. The couple had seven children: Amiyanath, 1915; Meera, 1917; Sisir Kumar, 1920; Gita, 1922; Roma, 1028; Chitra, 1930 and Subrata, 1032. Sisir established Netaji Research Bureau. His wife Krishna was Member of Parliament and niece of Prof. Nirad Chaudhuri of Oxford who once served Sarat Bose as secretary.  Subrata called, as Subroto is present Member of Parliament (2007) of Forward Block. He vigorously opposed rejection of JMCI report in Parliament.  Meera was Netaji’s favourite niece and lamented for not giving her proper education due to conservative custom. In recluse as Saradanandaji Netaji used to write letters to the editors of newspapers under her name ‘Meera’.  On Netaji’s insistence other daughters of Sarat Bose were sent to college.

Is it not unpardonable shame to show Janaki Nath, Netaji’s father, as husband of his own daughter in law Bivabati?

3.             The Commission has put blatant and white lie in my name that I corroborated Advocate Ghatak’s contention that Saradanandaji was born in a Brahmin family of East Bengal.  The Commission has purposely omitted my contention that Saradanandaji used to say that he was born in a Brahmin family of East Bengal to give a dodge to his identity. The sentence is picked up in wrong context. I have brought it to the notice of the Commission that the modus operandi of Subhash Chandra Bose for giving dodge was to change direction. Caste, religion, name. He became a Muslim Ziauddin Pathan during his escape to Kabul. He adopted name Orlando Mazzotta, an Italian catholic Christian in order to reach Berlin. He became Matsuda, a Buddhist, in Japan to remain underground. Similarly, Netaji in recluse called himself Saradananda / Vijnanananda / Sitendu Shekhar Brhamachari / Hanuman Giri. He would cover his identity by misleading all saying that he was born in a Brahamin family of East Bengal. The founder of Dakshin-Larhi clan of Boses was Dasaratha Bose twenty-seven generations ago. He had two sons Krishna and Parma. The later migrated to East Bengal and hence Netaji as Saradanandaji claimed that he was born in East Bengal. Netaji / Saradanadji believed that anybody could become Brahmin by ‘Sadhana’ and ‘Tapasya’. He quoted example of Vishwamitra Rishi and Dronacharya who were born Khshatriya and by ‘Tapasya’ became Brahmin. At funeral in Rishikesh first Brahmin refused to perform Brahmanic rituals on Saradanadji claiming that he was not Brhamin but Kshatriya. Shri Saradanandaji occasionally took meat or fish or eggs that is taboo for Brahmin.

4.             The Commission has performed a miracle of Indian rope trick. I submitted a mountain of evidence and JMCI converted it into a molehill by dexterously putting only half sentence absolutely out of context to suppress the truth as it was mortally afraid of severe public retaliation or wanted to guard Netaji’s old image. The Commission did not give positive or negative opinion of experts on handwriting of Shri Saradananda / Vijnanananda as well as handwriting published in Nagpur Times dated 9/1/1971 This issue of Nagpur Times is already submitted to JMCI. I informed JMCI to offer Netaji’s latent prints of fingers and gave details as to how a Nazi criminal was arrested from latent thumbprint from a post card after forty years.

5.             JMCI tried to analyse latent fingerprints, as suggested by me. It becomes obvious from Status Report from 01’/11/2004 to 30/11/2004 in Volume-II B in item number 11 on page 313. Contents are as below.

“ By Secretary’s Fax message dated October 5,2004. The attention of Dr. V.K. Kashyap, Director, CSFL, Kolkata, has been drawn to the Secretary’s D.O.letter No. JMCI/EO – 2002-2003/83 (III)/103 dated July 6, 2004 page 306 of Vol. II B to him regarding documents of latent finger prints in books, papers etc and he has been requested to kindly expedite the matter which is very urgent and important. The response of Dr. V, K. Kashyap is still awaited.”  This is definitely in reference to my suggestion.

6.             JMCI took blood samples of nephews of Netaji for DNA test. I brought it to its notice that only samples of maternal side are required and are decisive. Accordingly the Commission took samples from Netaji’s nieces.

7.             JMCI did not mention about my argument, photographs of Saradanandaji alive and dead, comparative photo of thumb of Netaji as well as Saradanandaji, comparative topical biography viz. Netaji vis a vis Babaji, Saradanandaji’s confession accepting he was Subhash Bose, No opinion is given by JMCI on piles of evidence submitted by me   Why JMCI did not send Shri Saradanandaji’s handwriting to experts and mentioned positive or negative opinion when it reported expert’s opinion on handwriting of all and sundry?

8.             In short Justice Mukherjee Commission has further deepened the mystery of Netaji and left the issue in doldrums by clause (d) of conclusions that states, “In absence of any clinching evidence a positive answer cannot be given.” What is Exhibit No.165 named as Biography of Netaji containing 1497 pages in Volume-I of JMCI Report, as exhibit number 165 Appendix- I, end page No 11? Who has submitted it? Who is the author of Biography? Where are equal numbers of pages of my diaries? Has the Commission accepted my diaries as Biography of Netaji? Where is mention of comparative biography of Netaji and Saradanandaji?

Two Myths

India is still reeling under two myths that are misconceptions. First myth is that India achieved Independence through Gandhiji’s non-violence movement. Non-violence was not the invention of Gandhiji. This concept was inculcated by Jainism, Buddhism, and Christianity hundreds of years ago. No nation in the world got freedom without armed struggle. History of the world is nothing but the description of armed struggle. Non-violence is reality when executed by the mighty ones and not by the meek and weak ones. A cat’s non-violence is reality but a rat’s non-violence is a myth. India had to resort to violence to liberate half of Kashmir, Goa, and state of Hyderabad. We cannot stop the menace of Nagas, Bodos, Kashmir insurgents, Maoist, Naxalites, and militants by means of non-violence. Is this not reality? Netaji was a keen student of world history. He studied the liberation struggle of European countries like Ireland, Czechoslovakia, Russia, France, and Italy. He came to conclusion that foreign help and armed struggle was the only solution to secure independence of India. He studied the efforts of Kamagatamaru and Shyamji Krisha Varma. He was so much influenced by Garibaldi, the liberator of Italy that later he named his daughter as Anita after Garibaldi’s daughter. He therefore escaped from the British subjugation and sought aid of Germany, Italy, and Japan. He waged the Second War of Independence, the first being of 1857. Gandhiji was so much impressed by his efforts and Japanese aid that he told the Congress Working Committee to pass a favorable resolution regarding Japan. Nehru and President of Congress Maulana Abulkalam Azad opposed it. Gandhiji was so much upset that he told both of them to resign and expressed that if his Subhash was there he needed none of them. Once Gandhiji said that if it comes to that he would embrace violence. Intense love and affection between Gandhiji and Netaji was reciprocal. The Quit India Movement turned violent and thousands of participants became martyr to the British bullets and atrocities. Jaya Prakash Narayan escaped from the jail and arranged violent struggle. In fact Gandhiji’s mantra of ‘do or die’ indirectly connoted violence. Was not countrywide violence of Muslim League responsible for creation of Pakistan? Sir Clement Attlee, the Prime Minister of Britain in his speech before the parliament alluded on March 15th 1946, “ Spread of the national idea amongst Indian mercenaries was responsible for his decision to quit India.” Britain could not afford to rule India with the loss of men and material in the Second World War. Therefore, non-violence would never have compelled Britain to abandon the hen that laid golden eggs that too when Britain was in its dire need. Britain sought co-operation of India in the First World War (1914-1918) with the promise of giving independence but committed breach of trust. But for Netaji’s effort Britain would have repeated the breach or at least delayed independence to set right Britain’s economy. Was not Netaji the pioneer of bringing spirit of nationalism in the Indian Army? He inspired the armed forces so much so that in 1946 mutiny of Indian Navy and revolt in the Royal Air Force followed. Sir Attlee visited Calcutta in 1956. He stayed at Governor’s house. He was no more Prime Minister. In the Press Conference he was questioned as to how far Gandhiji was responsible to grant freedom to India. He was candid enough to say, “Gandhi was of a little consequence in giving freedom to India. It was Bose’s INA and subsequent rebellion in Navy and Air Force that compelled Britain to quit India.” Is it not a myth that India secured freedom through non-violence? It cannot be denied that Tilak and Gandhi generated spirit of nationalism amongst the masses. Tilak was known as ‘Father of Indian Unrest’ and Gandhiji as  ‘Father of the Nation’ Mahatma’s Non-violence did not imperil life and hence it quickly became popular in masses. Subhash Chandra Bose was victorious even in his defeat. He compelled Britain to grant Independence to India.

Second myth is that India is a SECULAR country propounded by Nehru. One nation and one law is secularism. There should not be any distinction between citizens on provincial, religious or caste basis. Free opportunity or financial aid should be availed to people below poverty line irrespective of caste or creed. That is real secularism. Without meeting minimum set standards none should be entrusted with any responsibility. Netaji always reminded me, “ Suresh, remember, a small man in a big post is always a dangerous thing.” How true it is today! The Constitution of India made a special amendment for reservation of the downtrodden for ten years only. Now progeny of those who have come up are robbing the advantages of reservation. A son of a rural manual labourer cannot compete a          convent-educated lad of an urban officer from the same caste. Each and every caste is based on ancestral professions. In each caste there are sub-castes denoting ramification of sub-specializations. Marriages were arranged in the same caste and sub-castes so that the newcomer spouse was well acquainted and experienced in the same specialized profession.  Those professions have changed hands but conditioning of castes persists. Even the most educated today seek spouse from the same caste and sub-caste. Therefore caste is that which cannot be castaway. The laws are different for Hindus, Muslims, and Christians. The impact of caste system is so deeply ingrained that though the sons of soil changed religion to gain sops and largesse or immunity from atrocities of the rulers yet the castes persisted in changed religion. There are two hundred and forty-two castes amongst the Muslims of India. (Prafulla Bidwai) Ninety-nine percent Muslims of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Thailand, Indonesia are converts and many of them continue their names or sir names of non-Muslims. A convert Christian from scheduled caste cannot marry a convert Maratha or Brahmin Christian. Is it not funny that the remnant Kashmir has different law than rest of the states of India? Except Kashmiri none can purchase property or settle down in Kashmir. If a woman marries outside the state she loses her right to ancestral property. The persons who run the Government have no barrier of standard of age, education, experience or specialization.  A person who cannot become a lower division clerk in the Government service can rule the Government as Chief Minister or Prime Minister. Criminals contest elections from jail. (In 2007 sixty elected representatives are in jail on criminal charges.) This false myth of secularism is deteriorating fate and future of the country.  Even Nehru was against reservation. (Arun Shauri) Will anyone continue a maid who cannot wash clothes and utensils or a cook who cannot cook or will armed forces accept or promote candidates on reservation basis? The result of hypocritical secularism based on vote bank politics of caste, creed, and regionalism brought fragile and impotent coalition Governments at Center and States. Corruption amongst politicians and bureaucrats is burgeoning scourge. Appeasement policy partitioned the country and yet we have not learnt the lesson. Netaji always wanted a strong central government. He was against mushroom growth of political parties.  His plan was to train youths and then give reins to them. He preferred strong Presidential form of Government to present chicken market and horse-trading in the Parliament.

Muslim atrocities have driven out four lakh Kashmiri Pundits. Is it secularism? The Secessionists in Kashmir openly shout pro-Pakistan slogans. Is it secularism? The whole of North East India is flooded with illegal migrant Muslims of Bangladesh and no action is taken for vote-bank. Is it secularism? Muslim insurgents killed hundreds of innocent people in big cities. Even temples and the Parliament were not spared. Is it secularism? The reservations are based on castes. Is it secularism? The country is still reeling under the myth of secularism.

Netaji was hyperopic. His ideal of Secularism was Kemal Ataturk of Turkey who mercilessly modernized Turkey. He wiped out ethnic discriminations in society and implemented Roman script for indigenous language. Netaji also brought Roman script in INA. Gandhiji, the great appeaser of Muslims, supported  brothers and their Khilafat Movement but Kemal Ataturk axed the posts of Khalifas and the Khilafat Movement withered away like autumn leaves. Netaji also was reformists. As a President of Congress he formed the first planning commission with Nehru as chairman. He formed committee to draft constitution of India. He abolished the system of different mess for different religious groups in INA. He himself would dine in the common mess. He would take Hindus and Muslims together to mosque or temple. Gandhiji lauded Netaji for bringing real secularism in INA. Gandhiji confessed that Subhash alone could have avoided partition of India. Gandhiji realised that his docile, submissive, compromising, and appeasing policies and Utopian ideals failed miserably resulting in violence and partition of India. Netaji was totally against reservation or promotion on caste basis. He was favorable to giving all facilities and opportunities to the downtrodden. He never compromised with quality and excellence. He writes, “ Privileges based on caste, birth or creed should and equal opportunities should be thrown open to all.” Or “ In New India everybody will have equal opportunity and rights”   “He always insisted on sacrifice, devotion to duty and hard work. In short he was the epitome of implementation of real secularism. Nation is still under the spell of Gandhiji and has forgotten the hero who achieved independence and implemented secularism. Shyam Benegal, connoisseur of movies, aptly titled movie on Netaji as ‘Forgotten Hero’. It is commendable that Sahara’s magnet Subroto Roy gambled rupees thirty-four crores to produce this movie. It was Netaji who gave national anthem ‘Jana mana gana’ of Tagore, slogan ‘Jai Hind’, and title to Mahatma Gandhi as ‘ Father of the Nation.’ What a shame, the Government of India passed a resolution to remove Netaji’s portraits from offices. Was he not the real hero to secure Independence of India?

Gandhiji believed and taught Hindu-Muslim brotherhood. It resulted in creation of Pakistan. Jawaharlal Nehru propounded ‘Panchsheel’ i.e. five principles of peace and gave a slogan ‘Indians and Chinese are brothers’. His dreams were shattered when China invaded India’s territory and annexed it in 1961 in addition to Tibet.. Shocked, dazed  and dejected Nehru confessed on Radio that he was living in the world of his dreams. His faith in peace was so much that when he became Prime Minister he expressed that India was a peace loving country. Why should it need army?

Gandhi’s utopian tenets of non-violence, peace, struggle against inequality, minimum needs, productive work (Gandhiji would use ‘Caharkha’ and Emperor Aurangjeb would stitch caps for productive work) and cottage industries, hand-spun cloth, and Hindu-Muslim brotherhood met its death-knell before his death. Jinnah and Suhrawardi instigated Muslim League and declared August 16, 1946 as ‘direct action day’. Hindu-Muslim riots followed all over India. Gruesome atrocities and murders were especially perpetrated in Calcutta under Suhrawardi’s Chief Ministership. This led to partition of India and creation of Pakistan. With partition came unprecedented communal riots, rape, loot, murder, arson and massacre of Hindus and Sikhs in Pakistan. Unparallel exodus of millions of refugees was the result. Gandhi’s dreams were shattered nay foundered. He did not attend the flag hoisting on 15th August 1945. His policy of appeasement of Muslims miserably failed. Parochialism spread like Spanish Influenza epidemic and subverted Gandhi’s egalitarianism. In spite of failure and frustration Gandhi pursued his utopian ideal of Hindu-Muslim brotherhood and went on fast unto death to part about fifty-four crore rupees to Pakistan as share of Reserve Bank of India. Nathuram Godse, an ardent worker of Hindu Mahasabha, under emotional stress shot Gandhiji on January 30, 1948 at Birla temple in Delhi.

It is beyond doubt that both Gandhiji and Subhash Chandra Bose were victorious in defeat. Is it not failure but low aim is crime? Gandhiji generated mass consciousness of struggle for independence up to lowest ladder of society. Subhash Chandra Bose galvanized the Indian Armed Forces culminating in 1946 in rebellion of Indian Air Force and Royal Air Force at Palam in Delhi; Navy in Bombay and Visakhapatanam and Armament Factory in Jabalpur. Gandhiji and Subhash Chandra had common aim of rousing the masses and securing freedom but their means were diametrically opposite. Gandhiji aspired to gain freedom through non-violence whereas Netaji believed that the British knew the language of arms only.  Gandhiji disbelieved ancient dogma that ‘might is right’, which is a reality even today. However Gandhi’s concept that civilization is increase in wants is an eternal truth.

Gandhiji’s utopian ideals cannot be accepted, assimilated, applied and implemented by average common man as practical one. Nature has basically endowed all organisms with fight, struggle and non-violence for its own survival. From ages none could stop war, womanizing, treachery and bribe. In the words of Netaji Gandhiji failed because he propounded narrow confines of nationalism to liberate the country and at the same time wanted to be world preceptor of international egalitarianism In the words of Rabindranath Tagore,’ Like Buddha, Lord Mahavir, and Christ Gandhi failed to bring world peace and non-violence in practical life but he will be remembered for ages to come’. However, his archaic and symbolic vestiges are preserved in the form of Sabarmati and Sevagram Ashram and Khadi Gramodyog. (Cottage Industry) and Khadi dress as a status symbol of politicians. The United Nations Organization recently declared ‘Non-Violence Day’ to be celebrate world over on 2nd October that is birthday of Gandhi. There is a Sanskrit adage ‘Jivo Jivasya Jivanam’ meaning Life subsists on Life. The plants we partake have life and we commit violence every day. Even the plants indulge in chemical warfare for survival. Are not peace and non-violence myths? Is not the history of the world an account of violence? Napoleon defines “History is the version of past events the people have decided to agree upon.” Netaji defines history pf the world as the history of rise and gradual development and fall of various civilizations. (L-175)

The dire need of the hour is to cleanse the country. For that strong hand or Government is indispensable. Therefore Netaji’s precepts must be implemented viz. One Nation, One Law; Abolition of mushroom growth of political parties resulting in weak coalition Governments; drastic revision of education and judicial systems; mercilessly reduce the gulf between haves and haves not; rigorous population control. (Like Gandhiji Netaji was opposed to artificial means of family planning. Gandhiji wanted people to develop restrain.) To impart requisite training, experience and qualification to qualify for any election to serve people on elected body, to root out corruption from top to bottom and not vise versa; death for the traitors, revision of constitution and abolition of reservation on cast or creed basis. As per Netaji ‘ A small man in a big post is always dangerous to country and irrespective of caste or creed the best should run the country. Some section of society may oppose revision of constitution out of reverence for Dr. Ambedkar. However, we must march with the time. It is the dead or fools who alone do not change their maxims. Muslims in India are gradually adjusting to changing circumstance. Instead of Urdu or Arabic modern education is adopted. Old ‘purdah’ system is vanishing amongst the educated, Kuran forbids interest on money but in modern times every Muslim accepts it on bank account, Insurance, fixed deposits or provident fund. Ancient dress code is gradually changing. In Shariyat law a rapist is publicly hanged or hands of a thief are cut. Can Mullahs and Maulanas implement such law as they implement ‘Talak’ in India? No! We must change with the changing time is Netaji’s principle. We must follow Nature’s rule, ‘ Evolve or Extinct, Progress or Perish.’

I again quote Netaji’s words here. “ Suresh. What is the difference between politicians of pre and post independence era? He explained, “ Before independence nation was first and self later. After independence self is first and nation later.”

The epidemic of rampant terrorism infesting the world has become a lucrative business of earning quick bucks. It has to do nothing with religion or political dogma. However in the name of religion or political agitation huge amount of wealth is acquired through smuggling of drugs, printing fake currencies, extortion, abduction and ransom, and huge amounts from petrodollar areas of Islamic countries or communist regimes.  Poverty and unemployment is at the root of terrorism. Youths are recruited with allurement of high salaries and assured huge compensation to family in case of death. There is mushroom growth of different outfits amongst the terrorist. Tit for tat is the only solution to stop terrorism. Hang imprisoned terrorists or relations of insurgents on one to one casualty basis. Psychological warfare alone can stop killings of the innocents. That was Netaji’s view as well as Japanese view in Second World War. But for protest, strong protest what role Human Rights Associations are playing?

Is it not the reality that tenets of Gandhiji and Netaji are preserved as ornamental archaic relics that serve to embellish their birth and death anniversaries?

We must realise that Gandhiji and Netaji were great men of the history. One is remembered other is forgotten. Both were adamant and stubborn in their decisions. Both were whimsical and had their idiosyncrasies. Both were very explicit about their sex urges. Both were spiritualist. Both practiced naturopathy. Both were writers and journalists. Both were well read and had command over English language. Both devoted life for liberation of the country. One hero is remembered and eulogized the other is forgotten.

* * * *

My Quest

My curiosity about Netaji germinated at the age of seven when I was gazing photograph of Subhash Chandra Bose side by side in the garb of Ziauddin Pathan on the front page of Kesari of Tilak. My inquisitiveness was further enhanced when my father would tell me to close windows and door of the front hall and switch on our Airmek huge wooden radio with magic eye and listen to speeches of Subhash Chandra Bose on Berlin station. Radio was a rare luxury in those days. During college days in 1955 I heard ‘Akhyan’ (discourse) on Subhash Chandra Bose by Govindaswami Afale Maharaj in ‘Navartri’ festival. He described that Habibur Rahman was speaking lie. He talked about Ayer and that the crash never took place and Netaji did not die. After that I vividly remember to have read a news item in which it was stated that Hari Vishnu Kamath visited Vienna and after lunch with Emilie Schenkl, i.e., Mrs Bose, she revealed to him that her husband Subhash Bose was somewhere in the Himalayas. P.K. Atre’s full-paged two articles in his daily Maratha of Diwali issue of 1962 set the real bee in the bonnet. He described about his visit to Shaulmari Ashram and that His Holiness Saradanandaji was Subhashbabu, his idol. The said issue is with me. During my meeting with him for long three hours on the night Lal Bahadur Shastri died, he revealed that his Guru for humor was my great grandfather. He narrated that Swami of Shaulmari did not grant him audience but he was surprised to see that he knew him well. Dadasaheb Rege, founder of Balmohan of Dadar, Mumbai was with me and he arranged the meeting with Acharay Atre. I already began writing letters to the Shaulmari Ashram in summer vacations with no response. In 1965 I was typing a letter to the Ashram and someone threw English daily Hitwad dated 21 May 1965. On the front page there was a bold window with heading “Shaulmari Ashram, a hot bed of spies.” I referred this news in my letter and surprisingly the ball set rolling. I received a very long telegram of twenty-six lines informing to send ten copies of the said Hitwad and an appointment with His Holiness on 9/9/65. (Netaji’s telegrams to Gandhiji, Nehru or Rajendrababu are of full pages).

I am basically a research scholar. I have published twenty-six research papers and my name is in first fifty years’ Geographers of India. I also indulged in investigation of Ghosts, rebirths, miracles, and occult phenomena being a magician.

I never had been hankering around any Baba or sadhu. I left my place on 5.9.1965 and after arduous journey reached Shaulmari Ashram on 8.9.1965. I went there after studying fully well Netaji’s life. Jotted the points to be verified. The first and most important physical identity was a vertical scar on Netaji’s left eyebrow and squint in eye that I scrutinized in his photograph on passport to London. I had maiden Darshan of His Holiness on 9.9.1965. Presto! I hit the nail and got attached to him till his demise. When he came to know that I maintain daily diary, he left treasure of his thoughts and dictations, his wish and evidence of his identity. I was most trusted and favourite of him. What Mahadeo Desai was to Gandhiji I was to him.

He has bequeathed the job of revealing his life in recluse at proper time and I feel that that time has come. Three Inquiries are over. I spent forty-seven years doing research work on Netaji. I was a young bachelor of thirty when I hit the jackpot. Now at seventy-four I am already a foot deep in graveyard. I am racing with time. I must hurry. After all span of life is finite. God alone knows whether my painstaking research work will see the light of the day posthumously. I asked the Government of India for a negligible sum of thirteen crore rupees to wash off Netaji’s debts, to resettle families that sacrificed everything for him, and to purchase the estate where he breathed his last.


In the first chapter ‘Me’ I have given my credentials. I have rich heritage from both maternal and paternal side. I was born on the day of Dasserah/Pooja/Vijayadashmi in my grandfather’s bungalow of Minister at Nagpur on October 7, 1935. Both my grandfather and great grandfather were prominent personalities of all India political arena. My great grandfather G.B.Khaparde was right hand man of Tilak. Ravi Shankar Shukla was disciple of my paternal grandfather at Raipur. My father was a leading criminal lawyer and brother joined him and later became High Court Judge. I completed my education from primary school to doctoral degree in my hometown Amravati. During research work in Geography I was frustrated for lack of facilities and hence secured admission in London School of Economics. My guide was Sir Dudley Stamp and supervisor was Prof. Emiris Jones. However, my Gurus Dr.C.D.Deshpande and C.B.Joshi cancelled my passage just three days before departure to London by S.S.Roma. I joined as a lecturer in Geography in Government Arts and Science College of Vidarbha Mahavidyalaya, Amravati in 1963 till I retired as Principal of the very College in 1995. I published twenty-six research papers and attended International Geographical Congress at Paris and Sydney. Dr. D.R. Shekhawat, husband of President of India Pratibha Patil accompanied me. I was voracious reader on all topics and I was Jack-of-all-trades but master of none. Sports, palmistry, magic, parapsychology, reading and research were my forte.

I came across news item of H.V.Kamath, Major Satya, Gupta, Uttamchand Malhotra and Govinda Swami Afale that Subhash Chandra Bose never died in air crash in 1945. The real bee in the bonnet entered after reading two articles about Shaulmari Ashram in the Diwali issue of Maratha by P.K.Atre. It was claimed that founder of Shaulmari Ashram His Holiness Shri Saradananda was Subhash Chandra Bose. I decided to find out the truth about Shaulmari Ashram. I corresponded with the Ashram with no luck. However, a news item in Hitavada ‘ Shaulmari Ashram a hot bed of spies ‘ opened the doors.  I received appointment from His Holiness. I never saw Subhash Chandra Bose. I was six year old when he left India Therefore I studied lot books and photographs on Subhash Chandra Bose. I jotted points to be verified between Subhash and Saradananda.

In my first audience with Shri Saradananda I found similar squint in right eye, vertical scar on left eyebrow, similar teeth, nose, baldness, height, and red color of skin. In discussion I found that like Subhash he had deep knowledge of history, psychology, Sanskrit, politics and English language. He vehemently defended that Anita as daughter of Subhash. I was hundred percent convinced that Saradananda was Subhash Chandra Bose. I am agnostic. I never visited any Ashram or ran in pursuit of any Babas. However I was then on cloud nine

I increased my contact with Shaulmari Ashram and became member of the inner circle. Later I became most confidante of Saradanandaji. He came to know that I maintain daily diaries. Therefore he discussed on many vital topics and gave lot of dictations. Some times he gave a note ‘not to publish’. It means that he knew one day I was going to publish everything. I lived with him in Shaulmari Ashram, in the Himalaya, Amarkantak, the Satpura mountain and lastly in Dehradun.

When Netaji left Saigon on 17th August in search of ‘Unknown’ he promised to meet after twenty years in India. True to his words his death was managed and he escaped to Tibet. There he spent two years. When India received independence he entered the Himalayas and wandered every nook and corner of it. Like Ramayana and Mahabharata he spent fourteen years in ‘ Andnyatwas’ (recluse). In 1949.he came across Krishnakant and Radhakant Pandey brothers of village Kaithi, sixteen miles north of Banaras, Pandey brothers were indirectly given his identity. They were convinced that he was Subhash Chandra Bose and devoted their entire life to him.

After walking throughout India and doing ‘Sadhana’ and ‘ Tapasya‘ in the Himalayas he established Shaulmari Ashram in district Cooch Behar near Falakata. He wanted to play cat and mouse game with Jawaharlal Nehru.  He started launching salvos from 1962. Jawaharlal Nehru was panicky. He sent Surendra Mohan Ghosh, Netaji’s fellow prisoner in Mandalay jail and Deputy speaker of the Parliament, to Shaulmari Ashram to ascertain whether Saradananda was Subhash. . He gave positive report to Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru that Saradananda was Subhash Bose. Nehru did not reveal the truth to the nation fearing political suicide.  He ordered Central and State Intelligence Agencies to keep round the clock surveillance on Saradananda and me too. An attempt to murder Saradanandaji was made through Mr. Dixit of Central Intelligence Department. Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy was Chief Minister of Bengal. He was physician of Subhash Chandra Bose. He immediately tightened the security of Shaulmari Ashram against the wishes of Nehru who wanted him to resign.

Cruel Dance of Destiny

Subhash Chandra Bose in his autobiography confessed that he was unable to suppress sex instinct completely. His life all throughout was clean so far as women were concerned. He had brief relationship with Emilie Schenkl when she came in constant close contact as secretary. He boldly accepted her as wife and daughter Anita but kept it a secret for long time. He wrote a letter to his brother Sarat to look after his wife and daughter. It is embarrassing to opine on his second relationship. In 1964 he developed second relationship with a young daughter of secretary Ramani Ranjan Das. Her name was Gita and she was eldest amongst siblings. She became pregnant.  Like first relationship the second relationship was not official with registration of marriage or rites and rituals but he boldly accepted Gita as wife.  It is impossible to opine whether second relationship was an explosion of suppressed sex or result of exuberance of testosterone that jerks in adolescence and also in waning age or outcome of victory of Nature’s irresistible and invincible force of reproduction inherent in all organisms or vanquished celibacy or part of ‘Shakta Sadhana’ and ‘Tantra Sadhana’ in which a virgin is made a medium of the Supreme. She is worshiped for nine days during ‘Navaratri ‘ festival and in Nepal there is a temple of a living virgin revered by the whole nation. Netaji performed both Shakta and Tantric Sadhana. Greece has also history of virgin’s temple.

To avoid awkward publicity, with Gita we left for the Himalayas and selected an island of river Manadakini between Okhimath and Guptakashi for our campsite. We constructed hutments. Gita gave birth to daughter Chinmayee (Samarpita) on 20th November 1966. Motherhood was forced on Gita. She would reveal her most intimate woes to me and me alone. He himself was in a great shock. His dreams were shattered; plans became awry and whole life turned topsy-turvy. He became more and more erratic and his tantrums increased. Yet he informed us that next one would be son. He wanted to leave his legacy to son. Gita was reluctant to have any more children. Consequently conjugal conflict became recurrent.  I used to be mediator between them. Frustrated he was in the grip of Hamlet’s eternal dilemma of ‘to be or not to be’ to come out or not to come out.  He chose later. His greatest greatness was not denying or hiding parenthood. For that he accepted the permanent defeat of life and surrendered his dreams and career to reality. As usual destiny played a cruel dance with him. He sired two more daughters viz. Anmayee and Tanmayee. They were born at Deoghar in Zarkhand. Gita was sinking fast and as per her wish she was taken to Kashi where she breathed her last in 1973.  She was consigned to flames and her ashes were immersed in the holy Ganges, One perplexing conundrum is that all four daughters were conceived in the month of January, his month of birth.

With three daughters and secretary he shifted to Dehradun. Uttamchand Malhotra and Col. Pritam Singh, old associates of Subhash Chandra Bose joined him.  Ex-soldiers of INA poured in. His suffering became unbearable in old age and hence revealed his identity. He confessed to me, “Suresh. I am no more that boyish ambitious Subhash.” His optimism was still persistent and he called me in January 1977 to start work, purchase 1400 acres of land, and train five hundred workers of his choice for one year and then sweep the masses like a raging storm and acquire reins of the country. His will to start work remained indomitable. However, destiny willed otherwise. The month of January was important for crucial event in the life of Subhash Chandra Bose

On January 2, 1977, just twenty-one days short of eightieth birthday he had a severe cardiac arrest and breathed his last at 2.35 P.M.  The blind disciples and secretary Ramani Ranjan Das believed that he was in Samadhi and shortly he would emerge The body disintegrated for hundred and seven days. Ultimately police interfered at the instance of Baal Yogi and as per his wish cremation was performed on April 19, 1977 on the bank of Ganges at Rishikesh. Eldest daughter Chinmayee lit the pyre.

It is worth noting co-incidence. Netaji’s air crash was shown at 2.30 P.M. and he breathed his last the same time. Netaji was shown wrapped in blanket and at the end he was wrapped in blanket. Netaji was taken in an open truck and lastly he was taken the same way for funeral. He left ‘Unwept, Unsung, and Unknown’. It was his cherished wish because he often recited Alexander Pope’s stanza:

“Let me live, unseen, unknown,

Thus unlamented let me die;

Steal from the world, and not a stone

Tell where I lie  “

It is noteworthy that he wrote the same stanza to his dearest friend Hemant Sarkar in his letter dated 21-10-1015 Thursday from Hawk’s Nest, Kurseong page 153 of his autobiography ‘ An Indian Pilgrim ’. A little distorted version is as below.

“ Was it Pope or somebody else who said:

‘ Thus let me live unseen, unknown, etc. etc.

Thus unlamented let me die, steal from the world and not a

stone tell where I lie.’ ”

Truth Suppressed

The mystery of Subhash Chandra Bose remained unsolved for last sixty-two years because (1) the Government of Japan made supreme efforts and maintained top secrecy about Netaji’s escape by showing death in air crash. (2) The Government of Britain, U.S.A. and Russia knew Subhash Bose escaped by showing fake death in crash but could not trace his whereabouts. (3) Lord Mountbatten warned Nehru about survival of Subhash Bose in Singapore. Nehru kept top-secret file on Subhash Chandra Bose in his personal custody till his demise. (4) Mrs. Indira Gandhi took possession of the secret files and ordered to destroy many. (5) Second Inquiry Commission of Justice Khosla purposely suppressed the truth.   Saradanandaji reprimanded me through Advocate Niharendu Dutt Mazumdar who was lawyer of Bose family in Khosla Commission and also lawyer of Shaulmari Ashram. He ordered me not to depose before Justice Khosla.  Khosla Commission’s criminal act was not to verify handwriting of Saradananda of 1968 published by me in Nagpur times. (6) Many people knew his identity and devoted their life to him banking on that some day he will appear before the nation and they will get share of the cake. Others like Uttamchand Malhotra and Major Satya Gupta formed Subhashwadi Janata party and disclosed identity of Saradanandaji as Subhash Chandra Bose but no one cared to verify it as Saradananda always denied himself to be Subhash Bose and these people had no brass-tag evidence. Moreover he was guarded round the clock (7) Government of India knew about Saradanandaji’s identity as Subhash Chandra Bose but suppressed it first to avoid political suicide and later to maintain his old image. Home Secretary Mr. Kamal Pandey made an affidavit before justice Mukherjee Commission of Inquiry that he could not disclose files on Netaji because it would lower down his image. (8) I tried to give outlet to the truth through International Research Workshop, through Shri Karanjea of Blitz, through Shri Khushwant Singh of Illustrated Weekly of India but none dared to accept and publish the truth for the fear of retaliation and reprisal. (9) I tried to contact La Pirre but in vain. I contacted Chiang Kai Shek, Russian, German, and Austrian Embassies. I corresponded with Bob Kissinger and Prof. Leonard Gordon, author of Brothers Against Raj at Colombia University. I sent to Gordon copy of handwriting but he proved skeptical and gave a cold shoulder. However in his letter dated Dec. 6, 2000 he suggested to contact Prof. Sugat Bose, Tuft University, Medford MA, U.S.A. Sugat is grandnephew of Subhash Chandra Bose. On January 6, 2007 I received phone from eminent columnist Prafulla Bidwai that Sugat Bose was to attend birth anniversary of Subhash Bose on 23rd January in Kolkata.  When Sugat Bose was in Delhi Prafulla Bidwai intimated him about my research work and handed over him 138 pages of ‘Netaji Vis a vis Babaji’, my articles ‘Death of  Netaji’, and ‘Mystery of Netaji.’ There was no response. (10) Lastly, Justice Mukherjee Commission of Inquiry recorded my deposition for three days at my home. I submitted voluminous evidence, which is listed in the Report. The Commission has blatantly suppressed my evidence and to cover up put wrong connotation in half sentence in my name. The Commission turned a mountain into a molehill. The Mukherjee Commission has absolutely suppressed the truth for the fear of reprisal in the form of protest, agitations and even riots. Therefore the JMCI stepped in the boots of Home Secretary Pandey. The commission joined TBL club of Karnjia, Khushwant Singh, Kamal Pandey, the Indian Express and what not.

Justice Mukherjee Commission of Inquiry ought to have known that by suppressing the truth it does not cease to exist.

Final Conclusion

This is the end of my forty-seven years’ research work to unravel mystery of Subhash Chandra Bose. The work is classified in my brief autography, Field Work recorded in daily diaries, Arm Chair Research Work in the form of study of books and articles on the life of Subhash Chandra Bose, Comparison and similarities between Subhash Chandra Bose and Shrimat Saradanandaji, the Founder of Shaulmari Ashram, Summary and Final Conclusion. The photographs and handwriting are incorporated as crystal clear evidence. Only ‘Aajkal’ news channel of T.V. projected the evidence in June and July 2003. JMCI. None ever took notice of that news.

The sequential and deductive methodology of research is adopted for this thesis. The deductions based on solid evidence and self-experience are as below:

1.                   Physical features of Subhash Chandra Bose and Saradanandaji are identical.  The height, age, baldness, nose, teeth, protruded neck, rosy skin, thumb, dome shaped head are identical. Between Subhash Bose and Saradanandaji. Remarkable identical feature are vertical scar on left eyebrow, slight squint in right eye, and naevus below right breast spot common to both. Therefore it is concluded that Subhash Chandra Bose and Saradanandaji were one and same personality.

2.                   Habit of performing ‘Dhyan’, closing himself, fasting for days together, bend of spiritual pursuit and renunciation, implementing teaching of Vivekananda, preaching of Ramakrishna, philosophy of Aurobindo Ghosh, study of ‘Sankhya’ of Shankaracharya, Upanishadas, Vedas, Brhma Sutra, Yoga Vasishta, Patanjali Yoga Sutra, Bhagwat Gita, Ramayana, Mahabharata, western philosophy, performing experimental psychology, self-analysis and dream analysis, thorough study of Jung and Freud, following precepts of Buddha and Christ, revering Shivaji and Rana Pratap, taking ‘mung dal’ (K), Bhatebhat, spinach, sweets prepared from milk. Personal needs a few but spending aristocratically. Profuse use of lemons, taking rock salt with warm water, taking Ayurvedic medicines alone, hobby of cooking, loving apples and bananas, chain smoking, voracious reading, love for modern books, acute knowledge of Indian and world history, Politics, well versed in flowery English, Hindi, Sanskrit, knowing German language, Bengali, Oriya and French too, singing and recitation of poetry- Hindi. Bengali, English. Rabindranath Tagore’s as well as Nazrul Islam’s poetry had been on tip of tongue are common to both Subhash Chandra Bose and Saradanandaji and hence it is deduced that both are one and the same person. Rare features like taking the Sun’s rays in eyes, and putting ‘Bedha’ i.e. Divine defensive circle around oneself, love for pets and gardening, and fancy of daily exercise and playing badminton, long brisk walks, habit of dictation, writing with pencil, sending long telegrams, filing libel suits, taking loan and floating loan-bonds, caring and nursing of ailing person, prowling at night with torch; tending variety of roses, growing vegetables, cooking spicy food, particular about sanitation are special common traits of both and hence Netaji was Saradananda.

3.                   Love for Gandhi and performing his naturopathy and taking Ayurvedic medicines is a special feature of Subhash and Saradananda, which confirms Saradananda is Subhash Bose.

4.                   Dictations of Saradananda denote he is Subhash Chandra Bose. He was having intimate knowledge of Bose family and Emilie Schenkl.

5.                   Handwriting, especially in pencil, of Saradananda as well as Vijnanananda is same as that of Subhash Chandra Bose. Is it not enough proof to prove both are same?

6.                   Photographs of Saradananda are proofs to prove he is Subhash.

7.                   The confession of Saradananda, “Suresh, mind it I am no more that boyish ambitious Subhash.” Is it not a crystal-clear certainty that Saradananda is Subhash Bose? On releasing his handwriting in Nagour Times in 1971, he remarked in 1976, ” In a way it is good for the future. It is the only piece of evidence before the world.” Why should Baba give dictation ‘ Why Subhash Chandra failed?’ or obituary on Nehru?

8.                   How far it can be a matter of co-incidence that both should use Capstan brand of cigarette and be chain-smokers, both are temperamental in nature, devoted to duty, hard worker, narrate stories and reminiscences of C.R. Das, Tilak, Gandhi, Tagore, Nehru and possess prodigal memory?

9.                   Shri Saradananda bequeathed to me the task of revealing about legitimacy of his three daughters from Gita at proper time. He insisted that all the four daughters should be absolved from stigma. Now first daughter Anita is about 65. Chinmayee 42, Anmayee 37, and Tanmayee 35 years old. They are grown up ladies. As per his wish it is my duty to give them legitimacy.

Man consists X and Y chromosome where as woman has X and X chromosome. Man gets Y chromosome from father and X from mother. Woman gets X from father and another X from mother. Subhash Chandra had Y chromosome of father Janakinath and X of mother Prabhabati. Anita has X chromosome of Prabhabati through father Subhash and another X from mother Emile Schenkl. Chinmayee, Anmayee and Tanmayee have X chromosome of Prabhabati through father Subhash and another X from mother Gita Das. Therefore X chromosome of Prabhabati is common to all four sisters. I am cock sure about DNA test.  Granddaughters of Prabhabati from all sons and daughters carry her X-chromosome, which must tally with four daughters of Netaji.

Did Netaji not live true to his words till he breathed his last and even after death for 107 days?

Subhash Chandra Bose wrote to his friend Khitish Chattopadhyay as below. (G-320)

“ … I must go on. The path is long and dreary. At times I feel weary. Darkness overtakes me – relived by occasional flashes of lightning. But what of that? There is pleasure in travelling. I am still a homeless wanderer. Peace! Peace!! I have not found peace yet, nor satisfaction. It is not the lightning, alone which lures me, but the darkness as well. It is not the bright future alone which calls, but the gloomy uncertainty as well. If I should fall before I reach the light – what of that? There is pleasure in travelling – in groping – also in falling.”

His wish since 1915 was to depart from this world according to Alexander Pope’s stanza:

Thus let me live unseen, unknown,

Thus unlamented let me die;

Steal from the world, and not a stone

Tell where I lie.

* * *

I am physically, mentally and monetarily exhausted neck deep.  My will and enthusiasm has reached my wits end. It is for the President of India or Supreme Court or any High Court or any individual to acquire my every piece of correspondence and documents submitted to JMKI under Right to Information Act (RIL) through Central Commission of Inquiry (CCI), Kolkata and under Public Interest Litigation (PIL) institute a case to do justice to Subhash Chandra Bose. The President of India or Supreme Court can take ‘suo motu‘ inquiry and end the mystery of Netaji authentically. Some agency should file a case against the Government of Japan to return INA treasure with interest. Netaji entrusted the treasure for safe keeping to Field Marshal Terauchi.

To pay real homage to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose following is indispensable:

1                       To cancel Government of India’s Resolution directing all Government offices to remove Netaji’s portraits and compel to install them.

2                       To officially give legitimacy to Anita, Chinmayee. Anmayee, and Tanmayee and recognise them, as daughters of Subhash Chandra Bose through DNA test in order to rest his soul in peace.

3                       To acquire INA treasure from Japan.

4           To debunk so-called ashes of Netaji at Renkoji temple of Tokyo Japan.

5       To purchase the entire property of 194, Rajpura Road, Dehradun, as National center of pilgrimage to pay respect to him where he breathed his last.

4                       To wash off Netaji’s loans taken for Shaulmari Ashram without interest. Only principle amount be refunded.

5                       To rehabilitate bankrupt members of Shaulmari Ashram who sacrificed their life and every farthing for Netaji.

6                       To make substantial provisions for Netaji’s four daughters, and siblings of Gita.

7                       To make some provision for Krishnakant Pandey, Radhakant Pandey, Rajat Bhadra, Dinbandhu Dutta, Gobind Shah and a few others who sacrificed life for Netaji.

8                       To raise a corpus fund to run ‘Samadhi’ of Netaji at Dehradun and to raise a memorial pillar where he was cremated in Rishikesh.

9                       To form a trust to look after everything mentioned above.

Requirement: The Netaji Trust requires minimum thirteen crore rupees as mentioned to then Home Minister L.K.Advani. There should not be a begging bowl to raise funds. To keep Netaji’s honour it must be demanded and commanded from (a) Government of India. (b) Contribution from each state Government of rupees one crore. (c) Demand of INA funds from Japan. (d) The industrial Moguls should realise that their edifice is standing because of the blood of martyrs and Netaji, Multimillionaire like Ambani brothers, Dr. Mallya, Subroto Roy, Premji, Balkrishna, Murthy, Sir Swaraj Paul, Hindujas, Birlas. Tatas, Mittals, magnets of film industry should voluntarily come forward to contribute money and management of the trust. I do not beg but I demand.  Vijay Mallya, liquor tycoon, purchased Mahatma Gandhi’s belongings for about two million dollars and cricket players for about a million dollars each. He should remember that the Mahatma fought tooth and nail for prohibition of liquor and Netaji was against prohibition that disturbed the honest nest when he was president of the Congress.

The publisher paid one million pounds to Mr. Vikram Seth for his novel. If some daring publisher like Da Vinci Code comes forwards to pay equal amount for this work in two volumes that has wide market in the world, I need not ask for money to any quarter to wash off liabilities of Netaji.

As per recent estimate Indian business magnates and political Mogul have stashed twenty-seven lakh cores (27000000000000) worth Indian money in Swiss banks leave apart ill-gotten money in tax evasion in the country. Is not my demand of thirteen crore rupees for Netaji a pittance?

I sum up my book with last relevant entries of my diaries.

20/12/ 2008 I attended function of Justice Ratnaparkhi at Nagpur. Justice Mohota,    Justice Shirpurkar, Ram Shewalkar and former editor of Tarun Bharat Prof Vaidya spoke on the occasion of release of book,’ The Grey Areas in the Indian Political System’, written by Justice Ratnaparkhi. Along with dignitaries on the dais Prof Kashikar, Justice Pangarkar, Justice Loney, former Lt Governor of Delhi P.G. Gawai joined me at the dinner and Justice Shirpurkar of the Supreme Court remembered my research work on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. I was shocked to know that P.G. Gawai died after a month and Ram Shewalkar in May. When I met both were hail and hearty and dined with me. Gawai told me that he met T.G. Deshmukh and after a week T.G. passed away. Both P.G. and T.G. were chums of my brother Ramesh and used to stay with us. Ram Shewalkar was    inquisitive about Netaji’s death and air-crash and confirmed whether I received his letter. He too died in May 2009.                                                            .

Let us end with Netaji’s birthday celebration on 23/1/1909. The Government did not project any advertisement or programme, Reports of celebration by many institutions and Forward Block flashed in news. Ambassador of Italy in India is Alessandro Quaroni and he made a rash statement on the basis of some historian of Australia that Subhash Chandra Bose perished in the plane crash in 1945 at Taiwan. His father Pietro Quaroni was Italian consul (Ambassador?) in Kabul who managed Netaji’s passport in the name of Orlando Mazzotta and husband and wife managed Netaji’s escape to Germany via Moscow. He further disclosed that believing he might travel from Afghanistan through Middle East to Europe, the British had ordered his assassination in Turkey.

Anyone using part of this thesis for reference, criticism review or article in any language is requested to send a copy to me for record.

CAUTI ON. Unless DNA test of Netaji’s daughters is performed no one should indulge in any litigation against me. After all this is a thesis and its conclusion can be right or wrong. The history of research work reveals that before acceptance any new concept it is criticised, resisted, repulsed, refused and denied and lastly accepted. This is universal truth. Even for a simple truth that the earth is rotating and revolving around the Sun the propounder like Copernicus were banished and Bruno was burnt alive. The concept that the Earth was created in billions of years was rejected because the Biblical faith that God created earth in seven days was jeopardized. Any concept that disturbs faith is always fought vigorously tooth and bail. What of poor me? Please think twice before you act against me. I am aware that my book is going to leave many ponderous pundits bewildered.

1.        To find publisher preferably from abroad

2.     To auction at Southay or Christie

3.     To file petition in the Supreme Court of India under PIL

4.     To submit thesis for D. Lit to Cambridge or any other foreign university

5.     To sale to Industrial Mogul like Swaraj Paul, Mittal, Ambani or Mallya

6.     To put it on internet
I am drifting and I do not know where I am going to end.

About the author



Comments are closed.