ME

Posted By Author on August 17, 2009

ABOUT MYSELF

At the outset, it is imperative that I must elucidate about “ME” as evidence of my credibility, so as not to be dubbed another impostor, a hoax or a publicity-monger. This research work is an outcome of forty-seven years of rigorous and very expensive toil.

Please do not think of it as self indulgence and bear with me as this information has bearing on future events.

My lineage has a high political background from both, paternal and maternal sides. My forefathers on my paternal side belonged to a warrior group of the Peshwas of Pune and during the Maratha conquest of Bengal, they settled down in Nagpur and Raipur.

My grandfather Keshavchandra Padhye was an engineer in the Public Works Department.  Once his boss ordered him to lift his personal baggage from the first class compartment of the train.  Altercation followed which culminated in flooring down the British boss and end to his government service.  Luckily, there was an Irish officer in the very compartment who appreciated his courage and defiance for self-respect.  In due course, the Irishman helped him to become contractor for building roads and buildings.  The Amravati-Yeotmal road and the Kumar college of Jaipur are his monuments.

In the later part of his life, he too turned to Yoga like his father and renounced life. He was popularly known as Guru. Late Ravishankar Shukla, a primary schoolteacher, was his neighbour in Budhapara, Raipur and for fifteen years he used to have regular sittings with Guruji to discuss politics. Shukla alias Shukulji was revered in our house as ‘Daddu’. He later became first Chief Minister of Central Provinces of CP & Berar after Independence.  His son Shama Sharan Shukla followed the suit and was central cabinet minister.

My grandfather’s maternal uncle Shri Lakhe lived in the adjoining house. He was the pioneer of co-operative movement in Chattisgarh. When Sir C.D. Desmukh, I.C.S. and Finance Minister of India, returned to India marrying a French lady, he went to Lakhe and requested him to convince his orthodox parents to accept the couple.

My father Sharadchandra, eldest of five siblings was born in 1900. His childhood friend was Ganpatrao Dani, a rich Malgujar and neighbour.  He liberally financed Daddu’s politics and himself became a member of legislative Assembly.    Another close friend was Pundit Dwarakaprasad Mishra who was father’s bench-mate till Matriculation.  In school days, my father was attached to a revolutionary group of Bengal.

Disciple of my grand father, my father was an astrologer par excellence. He published a book on astrology. While studying at Ferguson College in Pune, he took a brief break in education when he joined the non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi in 1921. He studied law and was tipped to be a High Court Judge but his appointment was canceled for political reasons. His in laws were Khapardes, staunch followers of Tilak. He then settled down at Amravati to practice law under his famous in-laws. As an eminent criminal lawyer, he gave reins to his eldest son Ramesh and passed away in 1979.

Father being head of the joint family looked after his siblings. My uncle Mukund Padhye was an extraordinary personality.  He took education in Lahore, Delhi, Pune and Nagpur. He brought Rajguru, an accomplice of Sardar Bhagat Singh and Sukhdeo, for hiding in our house at Amravati.  Subsequently, Rajguru was shifted to Shivajirao Patwardhan’s house, a prominent freedom fighter and associate of Subhash Chandra Bose.  Eventually, all the three young revolutionaries, Rajguru, Sardar Bhagat Singh and Sukhdeo were caught and sent to the gallows on March 23, 1931 at 7.33 P.M.

Rameshchandra, my eldest brother became a leading criminal lawyer and was directly appointed as Judge of the Mumbai High Court. My second brother Umeshchandra was an engineer who had many inventions and patents to his credit.

My mother Tarabai was a prominent social worker. She represented the Amravati Municipal Council. She founded a women’s institution Sharada Udyog Mandir for middle class destitute women. She started it on a meager sum of Rs.5/- in the veranda of her father’s house. Today, the institute is worth twenty million rupees and many downtrodden women are earning their livelihood. She was President of the All India Women’s Conference at Karad where Nathuram Godse insisted on reading his speech. She boldly refused. Nathuram Godse was the very man who shot Mahatma Gandhi.

She was the daughter of B.G.Kahparde and grand daughter of Dadasaheb Khaparde who was a close associate of Lokmanya Tilak. My mother’s maternal uncle Shri Jagganath Maharaj Pandit had adopted Tilak as his son.

My grandfather Balkrishna Ganesh Khaparde was a worthy son of a worthy father. He was a great scholar and a lawyer and a politician of repute. He inherited oratory and humor from his father. He belonged to ‘Tilak School of Thought’ and became a prominent leader in Swarajya Party. On its ticket, he was twice elected to the Provincial Council and was minister of C.P. & Berar state. He was a literary figure in Maharashtra and his book ‘From Science to Samadhi’ is still acclaimed. He used to write under the pen name ‘Baba Bharati’ in Prasad magazine of Pune.

As the President of the All India Hindu Mahasabha he constantly toured the entire country. Jawaharlal Nehru wrote to my grandfather to become a Congress member and lead the Province. My grandfather politely denied the offer of Chief Minister and refused to change principles for power.

He was the chief trustee of the Badrinath Temple and as such he had to walk down 120 miles from Dehradun to the interior of the Himalayas to open the gates of Badrinath Temple after winter every year. His name is still adorned in the temple. In 1968, grandfather courted death by Prayopaweshan. It means to liberate immortal soul from mortal body by voluntary fast unto death. Shivajirao Patwardhan, V.D. Sawarkar and Vinoba Bhave left the same way.

GREAT GRANDFATHER

My Great Grandfather needs special mention because he has a special significance in my revelations of Netaji’s mystery.

My Great Grandfather G.B. Khaparde alias Dadasaheb was the son of a judge born before the first war of Independence of 1857. He needs a special volume but I will try to be as brief as possible. Lokmanya Baal Gangadhar Tilak, the father of Indian unrest, and G.B. Khaparde were inseparable commodities, rather two sides of the same coin. They were complementary to each other on domestic, scholastic, monetary, social and political fronts.

Dadasaheb Khaparde was a great freedom fighter and an eminent lawyer of India. At his behest, the All India Congress Session was held at Amravati, Maharashtra, on December 26th 1897. The president was Shankaran Nayyar and Khaparde himself was the Chairman of the reception committee and delivered the opening speech. Most of the luminaries were guests at our house. The noteworthy amongst the delegates were Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, M.C.Banerjee, Surendranath Banerjee, Bipinchandra Pal, Dinshaw Waccha, Setalwad, Madam Cama, Ananda Chalu, Pandit Madanmohan Malviya, Mudholkar, Mahadeo Govind Ranade, and Gopal Krishna Gokhale whom Gandhiji referred as his guru. This was the historic session, which lit the initial spark of split between the Nationalists (Radicals) and the Moderates. It was further conflagrated by C.R.Das and Motilal Nehru by formation of the Swarajya Party. It ended with the establishment of the Forward Block by Subhash Chandra Bose. It is noteworthy that pre-independence splits were for principles and daring decisions while post-independence cleavages were for power and greed.

Subhash Chandra Bose visited and stayed with him in Amravati on October 6th & 7th 1928.

The daily diaries of my great grandfather contain unknown chapters of India’s struggle for independence. When two historians from Cambridge and Oxford approached my grandfather to scrutinize the diaries, I was summoned to display the diaries. They were writing a book on struggle of independence in India. I attended the scholars for two days. Their excitement aroused my curiosity and led me to read the diaries. I was very surprised and fascinated to read them. There were many entries of Tilak staying at our home and writings such as “M.K.Gandhi came to me to discuss”, “Motilal came with his young son”, “Received telegram of C.R.Das urging me to attend his house for secret talks”, “Rabindranath took me to his study room and discussed”, etc. His diaries had several coded entries which nobody else could understand. The British scholars sought permission from the Government of India to microfilm the diaries. This awakened the Government of India and now the diaries are most likely in the National Archives in New Delhi. My mother used to tell us accounts of how they had to hide his diaries during raids by the British Police.

UNACCOUNTED CHAPTER OF INDIAN HISTORY

I willl be diagressing a bit here but I do not want to waste the opportunity of publishing an “unaccounted” chpter in Indian history.

As mentioned earlier, the British were worried about the rise of Tilak and his dominance in politics.  At 10.30 P.M. on 22nd July 1908, the Session Judge of Mumbai conspired with the Governor of Mumbai and sent Tilak to eight years’ rigorous imprisonment at Mandalay in Burma (now Myanmar).  The flimsy charge was of treason on account of editorials in his daily newspaper Kesari.  He became immortal for his eloquence; “There is justice of God above you.  Freedom is my birth right and I am going to achieve it.” He pioneered ‘Swadeshi’ movement and boycott and burning of foreign goods. Gandhiji later adhered to this policy.
The Mumbai High Court refused permission for appeal.  The Advocate General opposed permission for appeal before the full Bench.  The conspiracy was complete.  All avenues for justice were in quagmire in India. Tilak, therefore, summoned his friend Khaparde at Ahamadabad prison and insisted upon him to go to England and put in an effort to seek justice.

Sacrificing the domestic front, my great grandfather stayed in England from 31/8/1908 to 15/9/1910.  During his stay, he left no stone unturned for the release of the National Hero. On 3rd March 1909, the Privy Council rejected the appeal.  Then, he met leading M.P.s of the ruling Conservative party and convinced prominent Lords, and won M.P.s of the Labour Party.  Thus, he brought intense pressure on Lord Morley, the Secretary of State, who agreed to release Tilak but the Governor of Mumbai Mr. Clark threatened to resign.  As a last strategy, he got hold of Mr. Hood who was in the Queen’s confidential circle.  With his help the Queen was convinced to bring pressure on the King.  At the same time, he worked with one Mrs. Dihurst who was a close associate of King George.  The King was very fond of her meals.  Through her an attempt was made to obtain signature of the King for release of Tilak.  The plan almost succeeded when Viceroy of India cautioned His Excellency that a lion was being let loose who will devour the British Kingdom.  All efforts fizzled out.

During his maneuvering, the people in Englnad who rendered assistance were Lord Montague, Lord Morley, Banks, Nevinson, Keir Hardy, Hindman, Lytton brothers, Blunt, John Dallion, Delgado, Swini, Lord Courtney, Winnie, Rufus Issac, Marcal, Beachman, Miss Wilson, Churchill (then Home Secretary), Amis, Ramsey McDonald, Mrs. Dihurst, Mrs. Grave, Mrs. Graven, Hinderson, Sir Henry Cotton, Lansbury, Sir Winderson, Mr. Hume (Founder of Indian National Congress), Dr.Rutherford, Sir W. Barton, Keating, Spoor and others.  Lala Lajpat Rai, Bipinchandra Pal and Vithalbhai Patel helped him in England from time to time.  All efforts in vain, dejected and frustrated, he went to Burma to see Tilak.  Indians in thousands received him in Rangoon and took out a procession amidst war cry of Vandemataram.  On 22nd Nov. 1912, he met Tilak in jail at Mandalay and apprised him of the situation.  They discussed future course.

Again, Khaparde together with Tilak toured England and Ireland in 1919.  To create favourable opinion for India’s freedom; both along with Surendranath Banerjee, Vithalbhai Patel and Sarojini Naidu were on propaganda spree visiting New Castle, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Belfast, Liverpool, Manchester, Halsend, Bedford, London, etc.  In England Khaparde was popularly known as ‘Mark Twain’ of India.  In this very visit Tilak and Khaparde were official delegates of both Home Rule and Congress to depose before the Parliamentary Committee of England.  In spite of all efforts, the Radicals, the Moderates and the Muslims failed to unite. Bar. Jinnah refused to abide by the majority decisions of the Muslim League.  Like Gandhiji his inner voice ruled.  The British succeeded in their divide and rule policy.

This piece of information is very significant because I emulated my great grandfather and started writing daily diaries myself. My first diary was written in 1956 when I was in college at the age of twenty-one and the habit is being continued till present. I never imagined that one day my diaries would be of international historic significance. My most current diary is Diary Number 54, for the year 2009.

READINGS

The purpose of this chapter ‘Me’ is to explain in brief that I am not a hoax but that I am Jack of All Trades but master of none.  Therefore, I could initiate talk on various topics with that prodigal versatile genius i.e. Subhash Chandra Bose.

During college life, I completed classic treaties like Milton, Homer, Caesar, Alexander the great, Ashoka, Shakespeare and hundres of others.  I have gone through biographies of more than two hundred world personalities from Karl Marx, Thoreau, & Lenin, etc. to Henry Ford, Einstein, Socrates, Pluto, Aristotle, Ptolemy, Edison, Galileo, Copernicus and others.  From Shivaji & Rana Pratap to Guru Nanak & Buddha.

I read many books on History of wars during biblical time, Greek and Roman conquests, invasions of Arya, Shaka, Hun, Vikings, Turks, Moguls, Afghans, Chenghis Khan, Hannibal’s invasion of Rome, Moroccan occupation of Spain, English, Dutch, French, Spanish and Portuguese settlements all over the world, invasion of Australia, and Americas, extermination of Inca and Aztec and Maya cultures, Civil War of America, World War I and II, Korean War, Vietnam War, Afghan conflict, Iraqi occupation of Kuwait, Falkland crisis, Suez battle, Arab-Israeli war of seven days, eighty minutes at Entebbe, Irish struggle, Palestinian problem, India’s first war of independence of 1857 and second war of independence of Subhash Bose, War of Panipat, Plassey, Hyder Ali and Tipu’s rule, Kingdoms of the south India  Raids of Mohammad Gazni and Nadir Shah of Iran, attempt of Bhagat Singh’s uncle to liberate India from Afghanistan, etc. Kalidas, Peshwas, Bhartruhari & Kautilya.

I read philosophical treaties at an early age and gave discourses on it. It inculcated a spirit of courage to face occasions of crisis in my life. I read Bhagwat Geeta, Dnyaneshwari, Sankhykarika, Dasbodh, Tukaram Gatha, Bible, Kuran, Aurobindo’s Life Divine and Savitri, J Krishnamurti, philosophers of the world like Kant, Hume, Berkley, Shoppenhauer, Hegel. I read Vivekananda. I know Jainism, Buddhism, Bahaulla’s precepts, also of Tao, Confucius and Zoroastrian philosophy.

I am in touch with recent authors like Khushwant Singh, Salman Rashdi, Vikram Seth, Naipaul, Arundhati Roy, Taslima, La Pirre, Da Brown, Harold Robins, Fredrick Forsyth, Jonathan Black, Robert Ludlum, John Updike, Leon Uris, Joseph Wambaugh and many others.

I love to be in touch with archaeological finds and recent discoveries in the Universe. I have read from one to infinity to History of time by Hawking and Endless Universe by Heather Couper & Nigel Henbest.

I liked Dale Carnegie’s How to win friends and influence People, and ‘Who moved my Cheese?’ of Spencer Johnson, Chicken, soup for the soul, Louis Fisher, James Michner, Robert Mayer, etc.

I regularly read columnist Khushwant Singh, Kuldip Nayar, Tavleen Singh, Prafulla Bidwai, Cho of Chennai, Gwynne Dyer, Harihar Swarup, and Maharaja Features.

After serious reading I take respite in detective novels like Conan Doyle or Sidney Sheldon, etc. or mysteries like Nostradamus, Omen, Exorcists, Bermuda triangle, Dracula, and ghost stories. I studied palmistry and read Benham and Chiro. Being magician I have hundreds of books on magic.

This reading broadened my outlook of life. I am convinced that man is moulded by what he reads in his formative period, contemplates and tries to emulate. Subhash Chandra Bose and Abraham Lincoln are an ideal example of it.  Along with reading strong determination and hard efforts for its practical application in life are most indispensable.

The University Grants Commission of India is spending crores of rupees on grants for libraries of colleges. It should compel colleges to put a list of readable books and every student should be compelled to submit a review of at least five books as part of the curriculum and read summary or talk on one book before the Students’ Forum.

DELAY

The delay in revealing the truth is due to several reasons. As my parents and brothers passed away one by one, a free bird like me was gradually bent under the weight of responsibilities as head of a joint family. The material was varied and voluminous. Editing was a problem. Approach was delicate and difficult. Revelation volatile.

Emelie Schenkl alias Mrs. Bose was alive and I did not want to hurt her. She passed away in 1997. I retired in 1995 and all of my three children were married and settled independently by 1997. Once me and my wife were empty nesters I got the solitude that was needed to start consolidating my work. After regaining the quietude, solitude was necessary for writing.  I am convinced that jail is the best place for writing.  Tilak, Gandhi, Nehru, Subhash, etc., could write monumental works in jail alone.  Unless, I committed some crime, this was not possible.  The only alternative was to leave the country and shun the world and keep writing.  I did just that.

And now without further delay, I start with my diaries…

About the author

Author

Comments

Comments are closed.