Minute Observation

Posted By Author on February 10, 2010


I got up at 4 A.M. Rajat left for the Ashram and Hridas and Shomu accompanied him up to Kund chatti.  I finished exercise, meditation and bath.  After breakfast Baba came out and both of us were chatting.  I told him that a Sadhu had arrived and I requested him to stay for lunch.  Baba said I did the right thing.  Then he gave an order to all of us that whosoever Sadhu came, genuine or false, he should be offered meals. I told him that this Sadhu seemed simple.  He told that Netaji was a Yogi, was devotee of Gayatri mantra, Rajendrababu was a disciple of a Mahatma on the bank of river Sharayu, Muslims subverted Hindu religion and the congress was following in their footsteps as a result of which Shastriji died.  I remarked that he was funny and queer in thinking.  Baba gave a hearty laughter and said that the Hindus did no less harm to their religion.  He told me not to bring him before him.  He might get lot of publicity.


The topic turned on Sanskrit language.  I told him my experience about Professor Warnekar of Nagpur who could deliver lecture in fluent Sanskrit and all of us could understand it. Once C.D. Deshmukh was chief guest at a convocation ceremony at Nagpur University. The custom of the University was that the guest would begin his speech with a Sanskrit sentence.  Normally most guests used to read it. But C.D.Deshmukh began his speech in fluent Sanskrit without switching over to English, Hindi or Marathi. He enjoyed embarrassment of all and then switched over to English.  Baba appreciated him.  Baba observed that Hindi could have been the National language but Hindi people spoiled their own case.  Sanskrit alone shall be the National language.  It might prove a bit difficult to the Muslims in the beginning but it would be an easiest and most suitable language officially.  It will be easy to adopt for all provinces and till then English would be continued. He regretted that in Doctor Raghuvir’s accidental death, our nation lost a great versatile genius. He emphasized that Sanskrit would have to be made compulsory in schools.


Then we touched formation of linguistic provinces (see F-90).  Baba detested Morarji’s sentence that if Bombay were included in Maharashtra it would loose its international importance.  He stressed that it was an insult to entire Maharashtra.  He said Morarji acted most irresponsibly.  I suggested that provinces should have been demarcated along longitudes and latitudes.  He did not agree and said physical factors would have to be considered and that he had a plan in his mind.  I observed that geographical provinces would be ideal for research studies and he seemed to be agreeable to it.  I asked Baba out of curiosity that after opening of the National Universities would the existing ones be abolished.  He replied that they automatically go or would be required to follow us.  I wished there should be one University in the heart of the Satpura hills at Chikhaldara which was thirty miles from the historic city of Achalpur where ancient Sanskrit scholar Madhyenjanya and Bhavabhuti lived. Achalpur was capital of king Bhoja and named as Bhojakat. It should be named as Bhavabhuti University.  Baba queried whether the place was worth it.  I told that the plateau was 3000 feet above MSL.  Then it was all right said he.  Baba said that he wanted to move all through India once more and that time I should definitely remind him to see the spot.  I asked whether he would allow Bonde, Dammani and others of Amravati to see him again.  He said he might think over.  Then Baba told me to bring the Sadhu.  After brief talk he was disposed off.  The news came that Gobind Shah arrived from Calcutta and Baba went for bath.  Before that I showed him that day’s correspondence and telegrams including that of Ratan.


I received my father’s letter.  The marriage of the proposed girl for me was fixed elsewhere and I was happy.  I decided not to think of marriage then and be free.  There was a letter from the Director of Education and one informing me about my selection by University Grants Commission for an American Seminar at Bangalore.  I decided not to attend it.  All was well at home.  I had lunch, and then sorted lots of vegetables and took rest.  In the evening Ratan arrived from Ashram and Baba enquired about state of affairs there.  Ratan told that hundred rupees worth plants and flowers were sold there. I had a brief meeting in his yard.  Informed him about invitation of the American seminar and refusal and after brief talk on spiritualism I retired for the night.

Got up at 5 A.M. and had early bath and routine.  Baba called me and told me to add a post-script to the letter drafted for Ramkrishnaji and finalized the draft of complaint against caretaker of Rudraprayag Inspection Bungalow.  I sent one telegram to my friend Prabhakar Wadodkar asking him to send address of his brother captain Ram in the army.  Another telegram was sent to UGC informing non-acceptance of the invitation of seminar at Bangalore. After our lunch and rest he came out.  He remarked that Nehru was absolutely westernized, then suggested that regarding nutrition there should be mixture of oriental and western food. (Netaji stressed synthesis of Indian and western food.) He went in after some more discussion.

At noon a pandya of Guptakashi Mr. Shukla came.  He consumed lot of  time. Teachers from Vidyapith followed and they too wasted time.  After that in the evening Baba came out.  I apprised him of day’s visitors.  Baba informed that the wife of Haripad Bose wrote a letter to Ramanidada informing that her husband was in jail and hence they were starving.  Other members present were of the opinion that we should help her.  When asked about my opinion I remarked that even a stray dog would not die of hunger.  They must repent and realize mistake.  Baba then said that we would wait for some time and hope.  He left and again came back when the shadows of darkness enveloped the island.  He played with ‘Kolu’ and for the first time I heard him whistling.  Before retiring he said to let him have last ‘darshan ’ of Kolu.  He told about dogs in the snowy Alps who provide medicine to stranded people.  Then he told about a domesticated tiger, which was sent to the zoo but would not eat without being served by the wife of the former owner. We retired for dinner and rest.

Got up at 3.15 A.M. and engaged in meditation.  At 6 A.M. finished exercise and bath. I began drafting letters but had to postpone as Baba called me in.  Baba was sitting on the chair in the enclosed courtyard.  He began talk and then took me inside his hut and made me sit very near to him, about a foot from him. He asked me as to when I would give him outline of University proposal.  I told him that it would start after completing Sidholi draft of complaint.  Then he changed his mind and began to give outline and I was taking notes.  He said there would be sixteen faculties and he named them.  He told the duration of graduate, post-graduate, and research courses in each faculty.  He stressed to keep teaching separate from administration. He dictated guidelines of qualifications, gradation, and promotion of staff in various faculties.  I was told to complete the details.  I was alone there and we discussed the plan of University for two hours.  Then I went for lunch and rest. (Education was Netaji’s forte. He was Principal of the National College.)

At 2 P.M. all of us were told to assemble in his yard.  After crossing his hut all of us were taken down on the bank of Mandakini for bath together.  First he took bath and later we were told to begin.  He warned all not to go astray towards the main turbulent current and was personally watching and guarding us.  I finished bath while others were engaged.  Baba was standing on a boulder and said to me, “Once Rajendra Prasad in his address to the Parliament expressed that money cannot bring progress in the work of man.  Suresh, how far you feel it correct?”  I put my view that money could give impetus to progress.  He smiled and said, “Money alone is not the means to progress, would be proper statement.”  A little more discussion followed.


After bath all of us were made to sit in a row on individual asans in the courtyard. Baba told me to write down prayer of ‘Gurudeo’ (Tagore) and Laxmi’s prayer.  These two prayers were sung in sonorous chorus.  Then Baba called Shomu and his sister Jayanti near him and told them to recite ‘Hare Rama, Hare Krishna’.  The singing began in chorus and to his sharp ears he detected that both brother and sister were pronouncing ‘r’ in Hare as ‘d’ ‘Hade.  After detection he called them and taught them to pronounce r as r and not d.  All laughed.  After prayers following shloka of Adi Shankar was recited,
Bhaja Govindam Bhaja Govindam Bhaja Govindam moodhmatey |
Prapte sanhi te maraney nahi nahi rakshati dukrunya karaney  ||

You ignorant! Worship God. When death will approach your silly indulgence will not protect you.

Ramanidada and I were detained and the rest were sent out.  Before we could start any discussion a message with an application in English came from some Swami Sumedhananda residing on the bank of the river Narmada, aged sixty-six years and ‘Balbrhmachari’ meaning bachelor from childhood.  He came to our camp afoot on his way from Kedarnath.  Baba told me to take his care.  I offered him fruits and tea.  He was talking a lot, Gandhiji, Raman Maharshi, conferences he attended, etc.  I found his knowledge about Yoga was scarce.  Baba called me and made me sit near him and then called Swamiji.  How to achieve ultimate end through meditation was the Swami’s question to Baba.  Then Baba replied to him in Hindi,   “ If I talk you will feel bad about it.  As the clouds cover the Sun so the ‘shadripus’ (six forms of malevolent nature: sex, anger, fear, ego, attachment and envy) cover the flame of soul.  By meditation they are removed.  Before striving to achieve anything new, first clean yourself and you will get the flame of soul.  It is there with everyone.  Have you asked and assessed yourself whether you are fit to court ‘Sanyas’ (renunciation)?”  He candidly confessed that he lost his father and mother in childhood and became Sanyasi then.  Baba recited Adya Shankaracharya’s Sanskrit verses on Sanyas and some more verses in Sanskrit denoting canons of Sanyas.  One must be prepared to meditate twelve hours a day and then Baba explained three types of ‘Japas’ (invoking God). He pointed out that recitation of God’s name was of no use. It should come from within.  Swami Sumedhanand was stunned. He admitted that for the first time in his life he received proper direction.

I offered lunch to Swamiji and made bed for him.  He told me that he had seen Subhash Bose and that Baba was not Subhash but a very learned Mahatma.  He went on praising Baba.  After my lunch Baba called me in his hut.  Some girls were also there with Shomu.  He further gave tips about formation of University and directed me to distribute forty thousand students in different faculties.  He cautioned me to make a plan in which no fees would be accepted from students but recovered later when they would start earning.

I conveyed to Baba that Sumedhanand told me that once assuming to be Subhash Chandra Bose, the Criminal Investigation Department (C.I.D.) arrested Sarat Chandra Bose, the elder brother.  Baba corrected it immediately. He said Subhash’s younger brother Sailesh had his countenance is similar to Subhash. He was going by car and wrongly arrested in Pune. That was what he came to know he added.  Then I asked whether Sumedhanand’s story of Subhash that he had  beaten a professor of History was true or not. Baba laughed and said, “Yes”. Then he began to scratch his memory to remember the name as, “what was his name.  His name, name, name? ? He racked his brain. ?” ‘Ratan, Kyare’? Girls shouted the name in unison. Baba confirmed it “yes.  That was that”. ‘Oaten

Ramanidada was spraying fleet in Baba’s kitchen. He would hold the spray pump like a gun of a ‘Shikari’ (hunter) with one leg forward, then minutely searched, and the moment he saw a fly, he would victoriously shoot the spray.  It was amusing to watch his sport.  The climax came as a surprise.  He called me near and told me to close eyes. I thought he was imparting some yogic exercise.  He suddenly sprayed all my body with that repugnant liquid and told me that there were two flies on my cloths.  Then he cautioned me that from next day Baba would be engaged in his inner work and rarely come out or meet anyone of us.

That night Baba  took a round at 2 A.M. to see the cows and their safety.

I was awake in the morning but due to aching stiff neck I did not get up. Shubir left for Ashram.  After bath and breakfast I went to Baba. Others joined.  He instructed to repair the platform for his sitting in the courtyard.  I stitched his torn shawl full of holes due to cigarette sparks and out of it prepared a curtain for door of his hut.  The platform was in the process of repairs.  He finished his bath and ensconced in the folding chair and we began discussion.


I queried whether the ‘Shadripus’ (six malevolent enemies) enter human being from outside.  He explained that they come into conscious and enter subconscious.  Then short discussion on philosophy took place. I brought it to his notice a saying that Lord of heaven, Earth and hell was supposed to be a pauper without mother.  Then why the Yogis abhor marriage or sex?  He observed that if conscious and sub-conscious were clear, there was no harm at all for it. However there must not be the motive of sex alone. The ancient ‘munis’ and ‘rishis’ were mostly married.  Average person must get married but at the same time first priority should be given to character building.  Then the topic turned to University formation. (Netaji always stressed character building)

He proposed that students of philosophy and inner religion would open centers like dispensaries to give lessons to citizen.  I doubted that there would be poor response of students to this faculty with bleak future of earning.  Therefore like Physical Training Instructor (PTI) every educational institute would compulsorily engage moral giving teacher. He stressed, “That would definitely be done.”  Then topic twisted to his favorite subject of politics.

I observed that at the time of partition horrible atrocities were committed and Nehru should have taken precaution, which he miserably failed to visualize.  Baba told a story, ”There was a landlord from East Bengal. The three brothers and their Gurkha guards killed about two hundred mobsters and ultimately exhausted their ammunition.  The jatha then lynched all of them to death.  A seven-year-old girl was made to lie over her mother and then both of them were speared together.  He narrated an incident of a ninety-year-old Haji who stopped a Muslim mob of thousands of Muslims and turned it back to save twenty Hindu families. He sarcastically remarked, “Nehru was never chivalrous.  If he was chivalrous, any fool may be called chivalrous. Jahangir was heading to invade Bengal. He received ‘rakhi’ (a cord tied on wrist by sister to brother on Full Moon Day) and message from the queen of Chittod.  Jahangir immediately turned and rode twelve hundred miles on horse and saved her. Till end they had relation like brother and sister.  That is called chivalry.  When Nehru came to know that five hundred Hindu girls were deported from East Pakistan for sale in the Middle East, why did Nehru not order the Navy or Air Force to obstruct the boat? On the border hundreds of women were abducted and Nehru taught people to remain calm and peaceful.  In Haridwar, after partition, there was a refugee camp of Punjabis.  Nehru gave a lecture to them to remain calm and peaceful. When he was leaving the meeting, four young Punjabi boys encircled Indira and one of them pulled the end of her sari.  Nehru was very upset. Then the boys questioned Nehru that they just pulled an end of the sari of his daughter but when they had witnessed their sisters and mothers being raped and murdered, what chic Nehru had to profess peace to them? Nehru hung his head in shame and left.  However, he had his greatness too.  In his first visit to America they expected Nehru to beg for financial assistance for India but Nehru did not utter a word about it to keep the prestige of the nation.  Ultimately the Americans had to turn to Pakistan and make them stooges by aid.”

I reminded Baba that a world-known biographer had mentioned that Gandhiji in his last days tried his best to persuade Nehru and Patel not to quarrel.  Baba shot back, “Who, you mean Louis Fisher, is that so?”“Suresh, even Nehru did not understand Gandhi. I nodded.  He said, ”He is a good writer.  He is in the habit of objective writing. Fisher has gone to the extent of calling Nehru as an out and out actor.    He was no match to Gandhi. It will be a comparison between an ant and a lion.”  I asked whether Nehru was defeated in diplomacy or not. He remarked that partly I was correct. Nehru neglected character building of the nation. He further added, “With all my respect for Gandhiji, I must say that present hooliganism tendencies amongst students and masses is the outcome of ‘Non Cooperation Movement’. This I must say.  It was good that Gandhiji left in 1948, otherwise these people (Nehru and others) would have made his condition miserable.  The difference between Nehru and Gandhi was that Nehru would lose temper and be angry with a wrong doer but bring him near again whereas Gandhiji was in the habit of giving severe punishment to a wrong doer.”

I then dared to touch vital and volatile topic of Nathuram Godse, the murderer of Gandhiji.  Baba was on guards and cautious about passing remarks.  He pensively mentioned, “Suresh, sentiment and emotion are poles apart.  Nehru was very sentimental.  Sentiment comes from heart outwardly and emotion comes from the core of heart.  In emotion there are two types.  One is good and another perverted. Godse was sentimental.  He did not murder Gandhiji out of selfish motive.  He did it because he felt that it was for the good of the nation.  The national sentiment was his motive.  His action was wrong but motive was not heinous in committing murder.  He definitely committed a blunder.” I pointed out that when my mother went as a president of women’s conference at Karad, Godse was sentimental to pressurize her to read address written by him.  He expected that being the daughter of former President of All India Hindu Mahasabha she would yield to his sentiments but that was not to be.  I corroborated Baba’s analysis of Godse’s sentimentality.  I told Baba an incident in Kasur sector during Indo-Pak war, which was related to me by friend Col. Ram Wadodkar who could not stop the frenzy of the Rajput soldiers. They mercilessly butchered the entire population of a village when they came across a raped naked body of a Hindu girl nailed and pegged to a plank. Baba observed that revenge was a natural outburst of uncontrollable reflexes.  Only a fool or Superman could remain silent spectator to such occasion.

I returned to diplomacy and observed that country was badly in need of it. He disagreed and stressed, “In the past, the country was indeed in need of good diplomacy but now time has changed and things are quite different. What we need is to foster truth and harsh truth and must possess enough strength and courage to pierce through others’ diplomacy.  That alone will bring fortune to our country.”  Since long we were the only two left in the courtyard.  It was a treat to observe Baba bent completely forward when he talked vehemently. It was because hearing of his one ear was impaired.  I had very good time for more than two hours. Baba then left for bath and I returned for lunch and rest.

Got letter from brother-in-law Madanrao Joshi and as per my wish proposed girl’s marriage was fixed elsewhere. Father had already intimated this to me.  At 5 P.M. I took over and relieved Shomu from sentry duty.  At about 7 P.M. in his usual round, Baba came to me and asked whether I performed meditation there.  I told him that I was on patrol and my seat for meditation was in isolation on the bank of Manadakini.  He then ordered that I should be present in his hut immediately with a notebook.

The discussion and direction was regarding new University.  He outlined that fifty percent of the staff would be from abroad and attract the best talent from the world over; the pay scales for them must be very attractive.  He told me to think over it and see that our scales must be higher than all others.’  Then considering the existing scales in U.K.  I began to convert pounds in rupees.  He too was discussing.  Then I wrote down tentatively finalized decision.  It was concluded that the pay scales would be as stated below and the Efficiency Bar up to reader’s post would be minimum ten years.

Assistant Lecturer:
Rs. 600 + 00 EB + 30 EB + 40 = 1500.
Rs. 900 + 25 EB + 35 EB + 50 = 2000.
Asst Reader:
Rs. 1200+ 30 EB + 45 EB + 55 = 2500.
Rs. 1500+ 40 EB + 55 EB + 75 = 3200.
Asst. Professor:
Rs. 2800 +500EB(5Yrs)+700 EB  (5yrs)=4000.
Rs. 3600 +600EB(5 Yrs)+800 EB  (5Yrs)=5000.

Baba further dictated, “There will be a fixed foreign allowance of Rs.400/- per month plus extra foreign allowance per month will be monthly pay of the incumbent multiplied by the distance of the capital concerned from the seat of the University, divided by semi circumference of the Earth. For example, suppose there is an incumbent from U.S.A. who is a professor.  He will get extra foreign allowance of (5000×10000) ÷ 12500  = 40000

So his total salary at the end of service will be 5000+ 400+40000 = 45400.

After discussion Baba accepted my proposal to treat salaries of research workers on par with teachers and then added, “Pay scales of teachers and research workers will be the same.  However, researchers will get after each discovery or invention a lump sum bonus proportionate to the quality of the discovery or invention. The University will reserve patents of discoveries or inventions and some percentage out of profits will be given to the discoverer or inventor and/or his progeny.  If the teacher is efficient at the time of retirement of his sixty-year age, limit will be extended.  When the promotion will be given departmentally, he will get some intensive bonus.  At the time of retirement three years salary will be given as gratuity.  This will vary according to rank.  There will be a separate office of Observer General.  The discussion prolonged for a pretty long time.  It was pitch dark outside and Ramanidada was holding torch for my writing.  Baba would often bend forward and scrutinize my writing and would do calculations.  After 9 P.M. he went for his food and we were waiting outside for his arrival.  Uma’s father and Shantididi’s mother came from Ashram.  Baba came out.  He called all others.  It was a beautiful moonlit night.  We discussed about our ration. He told story of Aldus Huxley.  “He wrote beautiful fantastic stories.  The whole family was well known. They were scientists, philosophers, etc. up to his father’s grandfather.  Aldus was very proud of Vivekananda.” (In Mandalay jail Netaji wrote to Dilip Roy to send book, ’Africa View’ by Huxley.) After a little chat Baba went inside.  It was 10 P.M. I quenched my thirst and hunger and retired for the day.

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