On Subash’s marriage..

Posted By Author on May 1, 2010


Up early, finished routine. Mitranand came. Chat with him. I planted a few wild crotons in front of hut. Haridas arrived from Delhi. Haribandhu went up to receive him. He brought three hundred and fifty Mosambis and hundred lemons on a mule’s back. We were busy in unpacking luggage from mule. By that time Baba came out and asked details to Haridas. General talk with me ensued.

Baba asked me, “What is the difference between understanding and realization?” I answered that one was hear say and the other experience. He said, “No. Understanding is the result of intellect and feelings may not be co-operative but realization is that in which both intellect and feeling, i.e., heart is co-operative and then alone real judgment can be made and decision can be taken. It is cognition and affection that are very necessary and this should be the real base of education. To teach to bring equilibrium between heart and brain.” With examples he elaborated the theme and analyzed,” There are three cults of public workers. One for satisfying self ego; other for satisfying self ego and to serve humanity; and third for only service to humanity in the name of God.”

I queried, “The present ministers are busy in speeches, inaugurations and laying foundation stones and to which category they belong?” In ruffled tone he condemned, “This is worst type of ego. You call one minister to lay a corner stone and above it mention that latrine of the building is to be constructed here. See whether minister agrees. He will definitely not and that is sure sign of ego.” I said, “ Baba there is a fourth type of public workers. They work for corruption and earning.” Baba gave a hilarious laugh and remarked that it was most rampant.

I asked a few questions on corruption and black-marketing to which Baba replied, “Nehru often said he would prefer execution to whipping to deal with black-marketers and that he did so to satisfy foreigners. What he did actually was to shelter them. His ministers themselves were pilfering huge amounts and he was fully conscious of it. I personally feel that public flogging and twenty years’ rigorous imprisonment is the only course. The adulteration in food and medicine must be treated as highest crime. Best two hundred judges should conduct Summary Trials. They should be furnished with planes and intelligence squads. That is the necessity of the hour. Once in Madhya Pradesh for non-payment of dues a poor farmer’s field was to be auctioned. On the day of auction within time he went with the requisite sum to tahsildar. He asked for bribe. The lawyer of the farmer instructed him to go to the bungalow of young District and Sessions Judge and shout loudly. He did so. The D. J. came out, saw and rebuked him and told him his helplessness. Then in disguise he followed the farmer and when he gave the bribe he got hold of the tahsildar. Such judges are required today.  Suresh I think you have not seen all the plans. They are with Ramani.”
Baba gave examples of ego. “Ego does not see young or old, literate or illiterate. Nature is one and the same At Oxford there was a best professor of English. Once in common room one lecturer observed that Mr. so and so was the best professor of English in the world. Immediately with vanity the professor straightened his collar and looked around to see whether all were listening. There was a new cook in Ashram. He used to hit his axe very hard while breaking logs and after each powerful stroke turn around and look at me. His ego and ego of professor of Oxford are one and the same.”

Baba told me that by coming Full Moon if the work started it would be well and good and money would be no problem. Otherwise I should borrow Rs. four hundred from priest Mitranand. Then the topic of court cases came for discussion. Baba told, “The case is filed against son of Sarat Chandra Bose named Amiyo Bose. Saratbabu’s one friend is an eminent criminal lawyer. First he accepted brief of Amiyo but being son of friend he rejected and apologized. Amiyo Bose is now trying for compromise in Calcutta Bar but Niharendu rejected it outright. Amiyo filed a case of contempt of court against Ashram but it was dismissed. For that additional damage suit of Rs. Five lakhs is to be filed against him. One case was given to grandson of Chittaranjan Das but he spoiled it. Now Niharendu with all difficulty has recovered it.”  (Amiyo died in 1996)

Elder brother of Sri Arvind Ghosh was the best teacher. Once one European inspector of schools came to inspect his school and he entered the classroom of Ghosh.  He tried to point out teacher’s mistake to students. Ghosh was standing nearby with rod in hand. He dashed to attack him with rod but the inspector admitted his guilt and apologized. He had sportsman spirit. This is great virtue of the British. We quickly accept their habit of urinating in standing posture but we shall never assimilate their sportsman spirit and national pride. Once a person said to me that the British were sensitive only. I told him that they were intellectual brutes also. I shall relate another story of Arvind Ghosh’s brother. Lord McCauley was traveling whole India to study Indian educational system. He went to his class. McCauley denoted a mistake in Ghosh’s teaching of Shakespeare. Ghosh told him ‘you send best teachers of English from Oxford and Cambridge to learn how to teach Shakespeare’. McCauley was speechless.”

In the evening after bath we began our session. I asked Baba’s permission to permit me to fast for three days on water alone. He refused and said, “This Tarasingh deceived all. He must have taken glucose in water during his farce of fourteen days’ fast. Jatin Das died on sixty-second day of his fast in Lahore jail. He was a revolutionary. He once deceived a jail officer by a rubber snake and the officer became unconscious. (Netaji brought body of Jatin Das to Calcutta and arranged the biggest ever funeral. He was Netaji’s worker. Netaji celebrated Martyr’s day of Jatin Das at Jubilee Hall in Rangoon in 1844.) There is no doubt that Potti Ramulu’s fast was genuine.” Consequently talk turned to revolutionaries. Baba described,” in Chittagaon Armory raid boys between sixteen to twenty five years captured a place (village/town?) and fought police force of eight hundred. Twelve policemen were killed. Twenty-six revolutionaries died and remaining escaped to Burma. They left behind the corpses of the brave dead revolutionaries. The British Officers brought sandalwood and removing hats for the dead, they honorably performed the funeral rites of the dead revolutionaries.  Later this trial received lot of publicity. The leader was thirty-two years old. He did not engage a lawyer and cross-examined himself. He questioned a police officer whether he sent S.O.P. message or not. Magistrate could not understand it and asked meaning of S.O.P. He explained ‘Save Our Prestige’. Then the Magistrate disallowed the question etc.”  Baba continued, “Jyotin Mukherjee of Bengal was known as ‘Bagha Mukherjee’ (Bagha=Tiger). He and his three colleagues gave a long fight with many policemen. Two of them died and two were shifted to a hospital where they succumbed to injuries. The English officers performed their honorable funeral with hats off. The Gurkha regiment gave them Arms’ salute at the pyre.”

There was a ‘jamindar’ (landlord) of Gauripur in East Bengal. His annual income was twelve lakhs rupees. He gave shelter to many revolutionaries in his giant house. Subhash Bose also fasted for forty-two days. When he was in Mandalay jail he was administered T.B. bacilli (germs) through food. On the very first day he got reaction and left the food. He fasted for forty-two days. The American and world press criticized the British strongly. He was mere skeleton and officers felt that Subhash would not survive. So on forty- second day without informing anybody Netaji was left outside the prison gate. When some people came to know they immediately informed and Sarat Chandra Bose and his wife rushed down by plane. They escorted him to home. As a result of this Subhash was later taken to Vienna and Dr. Demel saved his life. He was operated on his throat and stomach. Suresh you met Dr.Gairula at Lucknow. He was there at the time of operation and became friend of Subhash Bose who was about thirty-five years old then. Subhash wrote his book ‘An Indian Pilgrim’ during this convulsion period.”

Baba was shrewd to dexterously avoid personal questions. When I asked him whether marriage of Subhash Bose was for political gain, he simply said he did not know. When I referred Subhash Bose’s letters to mother he said he read only some literature on Bose and rest he did not know. Then he started telling stories about Subhash Bose:

“When Bose was a student of I.C.S. examination in U.K. a book by Rudyard Kippling was prescribed as a text book in which India was pictured ugly. Young Subhash instigated all students to boycott it and ultimately it was cancelled but the Prime Minister of England then remarked about Bose, ‘we shall have to be cautious about this young boy’.  He predicted long back. Once Bose went to his friend _______(?) in Ireland. Through German Ambassador, the friend managed Bose’s lectures in Berlin Hall, Germany. On the previous day of boarding a plane for Germany, Hitler gave broadcast and in his speech he said that it would be far better for India to remain under the yoke of the British rule. The next day Bose went to German Ambassador and told him, ‘let Hitler live under the yoke of the British but India shall never remain.’ Naturally his going to Berlin was cancelled.”

“Before Netaji’s departure to Kabul a message was sent to Mahatma Gandhi about the plan and perhaps Harekrishna Mehtab was the man who carried the message. A few people know this. After hearing Netaji’s accident, on the thirteenth day members of his house were to perform ‘Shradh’ (ritual of death) but both Madan Mohan Malviya and Mahatma Gandhi sent telegrams that ‘Shradh’ should not be performed and hence cancelled. When news of Netaji’s marriage was given to Mahatma Gandhi, he refused to believe in it. Vallabhbhai Patel sent seven letters to Gandhiji to convince him but he did not believe it. After coming to know, Sarat Bose flew to Vienna and met Mrs. Bose. He requested her to accompany him to India but she said that she believed her husband was alive and only when he would reveal himself that she would come to India. Nehru and Patel collected some fund for her but Sarat Bose sternly refused it and told them that Bose family was strong enough to look after wife of Subhash. As long as he was living he gave her help but after his death she probably accepted something from the Government of India. Some cousins of Anita Bose (Netaji’s daughter) including Amiyo Bose still refuse to accept her as their cousin. It is perhaps due to Gandhiji’s statement.”

I referred Netaji’s statement before disappearance that he told his workers to meet after twenty years in free India. Baba kept mum. Baba then resented, “Nehru with what brazen face said that he knew not that Hindus were in majority in hilly Chittagram area. He is discovering India? Radcliff has aptly remarked,‘ these boys do not know even to look after their own interest.”

I remarked that Nehru lived like an emperor. Baba denied and with anguish said, “No. He was a hard worker. He suffered a lot also. Barrister Pandit once saved his life in Allahabad. Hundred and forty four (ban on meeting) was promulgated and Nehru was leading the procession. A British police cavalry officer whipped Nehru and he stood like a statue. Blood started oozing from his wounds and then Pandit got hold of his waist and took away Jawaharlal. When Nehru became President of the Congress at Lahore he was paraded with handcuffs in the streets of Nabha for four hours. Except Gandhi, Motilal and Malviya all leaders suffered. Nehru was all the while doubtful about Shaulmari Ashram and hence he dared not pass any remark. He was definitely doubtful about the death of Subhash. The Government’s Enquiry commission was a farce. There cannot be real enquiry about his death without collaboration of Government of Japan and the Government of Taihoku (Taiwan). Dr. B.C. Roy, Chief Minister of Bengal once remarked, ‘If Subhash comes what will he do? He will give one slap on my cheek and another on Nehru’s and say get out’. Subhash Bose if he had come after independence immediately he would have been of no use. Even if he had come nothing would have happened. This Satyanarayan Sinha whatever articles he writes about Netaji are all wrong. I do not see any sincerity and sense in his writing. It is publicity stunt. Why did he not write when Nehru was alive?”
Baba again reiterated, “The biographies and autobiographies of great men definitely work upon character building and in our plan even in the technical branch it will be compulsory subject.”

It was late. Completed bath, meditation and meals. Finished letter.  Rajat translated one letter in Bengali. Slept.

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