Personalities in the Life of Subhash Chandra Bose

Posted By Author on December 1, 2011

Personalities in the Life of Subhash Chandra Bose


1.        UTTAMCHAND MALHOTRA.  Netaji stayed in hiding at his house in Kabul in Afghanistan for forty days during his historic escape from India to Germany in Jan. 1941.There are many references in various books about him and he wrote a book on Netaji. British Government arrested him for sheltering Netaji and his property was confiscated. After partition he came to India as a refugee and stayed at Kakaji with uncle, Delhi. He earned his living as an insurance agent. He visited Shaulmari Ashram in 1962. After seeing His Holiness, he began to give publicity that Shrimat Saradanandaji was none else but Subhash Chandra Bose. He became a prominent leader of the Subhaswhwadi (followers of Subhash) Janata. He was again associated closely with His Holiness in the last years at Dehradun. ‘He based his conviction on the bodily and facial similarity between the two, similar verified handwriting and certain common mannerism.’ (I-10), (G-427), etc. See diary.

2.        RAMADEVI. Wife of Uttamchandji Malhotra. I met her at her home. See diary. She served Netaji at her home in Kabul when Netaji was in hiding. (S–374)

3.        BHAGATRAM TALWAR.  Niranjan Talib and Acharsingh arranged to accompany Netaji from Peshawar to Kabul in the great escape of 1941.See diary

4.        ATULYA GHOSH. In charge of the Congress party in Bengal and minister in the Nehru cabinet. (G-590). See diary’ He was lame and formerly worked as hawker of newspapers. His case is of rags to riches.

5.        DR B.C.ROY. A well-known physician, bachelor, Congress worker, on panel to examine Netaji during jail in Mandalay. First Chief Minister of Bengal. Many references. (G-598) also. See diary.

6.        MAJOR SATYA GUPTA, HARIPAD BOSE, GOPE GURBAX. All three were members of the Shaulmari Ashram who left and started publicity that Saradanandaji was Netaji (G-606), (G-608). They formed Subhashwadi Janata in 1962 and Uttamchand joined them in 1963. Published weekly. Changed names of the weekly. Gave wide publicity all over India that Netaji and Saradanandaji were one and the same. See diary. Dr B.C.Roy was Chief Minister of Bengal from 1948 to 1962. He had serious disagreement with Central Government (G-611). Important. See diary.

7.        SURENDRA MOHAN GHOSH.  On behalf of Jawaharlal Nehru visited Shaulmari Ashram and declared that Sadhu was not Bose. (G-607). He was also in Mandalay jail with Netaji. See important note about him in diary.

8.        SAMAR GUHA.  Member of the Parliament of Forward Block maintained air-crash story as fake. See diary for my meeting and his letter.

9.        Col JOGINDER SINGH. He called himself Jyotirdeo. He lived in Shivapuri, M.P. and claimed to be Subhash Bose. See diary and file and photo in uniform of Air Force.

10.     BABA HANUMAN GIRI, People claimed that he was Subhash Bose. Uttamchand Malhotra had his handwriting. (G-607). See diary. There is every probability that in 1956 Netaji lived as Baba Hanuman Giri near Bareilly. Ramlal Pahelwan used to give him massage. Baba left a note on Garibaldi written in English telling him in future he will not be able to see him but if he showed this note he would be allowed. This note is preserved in the files of Uttamchand Malhotra. He took expert opinion on the handwriting, which was positive.

11.     Justice MITRA. Netaji’s maternal grandfather’s sister was wife of Sir Romeshchandra Mitter. Also called MITRA. He was the first acting Indian Chief Justice of the Calcutta High Court. (N-10). See diary.  “I can see the murderer in the mirror but cannot touch a single hair of his”

12.     SURESHCHANDRA BOSE. Elder brother of Netaji and member of the Shah Nawaz Committee. Subhash spoke of him, “Suresh has in a sense given me up if I do not enter the service, there is a possibility of reunion with him. Whether I join the service or not. I do not understand how that can terminate the relationship between man and man. Is this sort of shopkeeper’s mentality the proper attitude? “(N-171) Important. See diary.

13.     MEERA was the eldest daughter of Saratchandra Bose who could not go to college because of father’s conservative nature but Gita, Roma and Chitra went to college at the instance of Subhash. (G-160) See diary. Baba wrote all letters to the editors under the pseudonym ‘Meera’.

14.     SAILESH BOSE.  He was second younger brother of Subhash. He was in a textile mill in Ahamadabad and then settled down in Bombay since 1930-31.When I met him and his wife with Niharendu Dutt Mazumdar in M.L.A. hostel of Bombay, he was running some plastic factory. See diary.

15.     SARATCHANDRA BOSE. Innumerable references. Subhash remarked about him, “Mejda (Sarat Chandra) never said no to me and what I am is because of him.” (S-319). He is father and brother to me. ((S-356). Important. See diary. Tihiri. Death of Saratda. See (I-50) also for political, moral and financial support from Mejda.

16.     HARIDAS MITRA was son-in-law of Sureshchandra Bose. He was sentenced to death along with his colleagues Roy, Jyotish Chandra Bose, Americ Singh for espionage in league with Subhash. Their co-worker T Mukerjee betrayed and turned King’s witness. Americ Singh though handcuffed made way to freedom and escaped to Malaya. Gandhiji and Patel intervened and saved Haridas, Jyotish Bose and Roy from noose. See diary and G-534.

17.     YADUNATH SARKAR. Netaji was in jail with Hemant Sarkar and Nalini Ranjan Roy after Holwell movement. There he procured Yadunath Sarkar’s “Life of Shivaji” and second time read about Shivaji’s escapade from Agra. (R-416) Nephew of Yadunath Sarkar was in Vienna and Netaji told Indian students to follow his leadership. See diary. Death of nephew or son (?) of Yadunath Sarkar in I.N.A. battle in Burma.

18.     NIRAD CHAUDHARI. Saratchandra Bose engaged him as his private Secretary. (G-339). He criticised Subhash that he failed to create a solid party……….Corporation remained a mill stone around his neck (G-339) His niece Krishna Bose married Shishir Bose, son of Saratchandra Bose. See correspondence. He lived in England and perished at Oxford at the ripe age. He did not respond to my letter.

19.     GIRIJA MUKHERJEE was married to a German girl. He worked with Netaji in Germany. He aptly remarks,” Although Subhash was a fearless man, I believe, he was terribly afraid of failure. See diary-Surgeon operating son.

“His greatest desire was to be remembered in the history of his country which he so dearly loved and faithfully served.” (Q-179). See diary–Great men.

20.     BASANTI DEVI.  She was wife of Netaji’s political Guru C.R. Das who loved Subhash as son. Many references. (G-217) See diary how she wanted to rush to Shaulmari by plane but Dr. B.C.Roy, Chief Minister of Bengal, assured her that he would take her.

21.     JATIN DAS. He closely worked under Subhash Bose for many years. He was assistant secretary of South Calcutta Congress Committee. He worked shoulder to shoulder with Netaji in aiding victims of the north Bengal floods in 1922 and along with Netaji was one of the founders of South Calcutta Tarun Samiti, and in charge of Netaji’s South Calcutta Volunteer Corpse. He was arrested in Meerut Conspiracy case. He was sent to Lahore prison where Bhagat Sing, Sukhdeo, Rajguru and others were already imprisoned there.  Like freedom fighter Terrence Mac Swinney of Ireland he went on fast in the jail. He became martyr on 13/9/1929 after fast unto death. Netaji brought his body and arranged his biggest funeral in Calcutta on 15/9/1929.  (G -210, 212; S-132; E-123, G-50; J-117), etc. See diary. His death stirred the nation.

22.     SHEEL BHADRA YAGEE. An intelligence squad was sent by INA to India. Report of Sheel Bhadra Yagee received. (R-838). See diary. He was M.P. He worked with Netaji in China.

23.     HAREKRISHNA MAHATAB was Congress leader of Orissa. His photo.    (R-298). Bose presided over his All Orissa Youth Conference. He was member of CWC and first Chief Minister of Orissa .See diary. Harekrishna Mahatab was first to convey news of Netaji’s escape to Gandhiji.

24.     NIHARENDU DUTT MAZUMDAR with M.N. Roy offered compromise on the vindictiveness of the Congress Working Committee. (G-379). Though Communist, he was very close to Netaji and through him Netaji tried Russian Embassy. (S-297). He suggested Netaji to go underground like Sen-Yet-Sen of China and Giuseppe Mazzini of Italy. The talk held at Lucknow station. (R-401) He was closely connected to Shaulmari Ashram. He knew me personally well.

Niharendu Dutt Mazumdar was Law Minister, represented Bose family in Khosla Commission and fought many cases of Shaulmari Ashram. Closely associated to His Holiness. His wife Sarama maintained Ashram’s account and funds for court cases. See diary. He was freedom fighter and worked as equal to Nehru.

25.     RAJANI PALME DUTTA took interview of Subhash Bose in London          (L-29-30). Netaji talks of change in his ideas and SYNTHESIS. His grandson Olfe Dutta had been to India and had intimate friendship with Gokhale, the author of ‘Hansa Gaan’. Both lived in Delhi. Olfe Dutta became Prime-Minister of Sweden and was murdered. The conspiracy to kill him was of Botha, ruler of S Africa.

26.     Prof MEGHNATH SHAHA was Chairman of the Indian Science News Association .His interview of Subhash Bose on (L-51). See diary for advancement in science and industry.

27.     JAGADISHCHANDRA AND VIVEKANANDA ” I do not know why since my childhood I have always had the deepest respect for two persons-Jagdish Chandra and Vivekananda.” said Subhash. (N-159). See diary.

28.     P.C. RAY.   Netaji’s teachers were eminent professors like Jagdish Chandra Bose and P.C.Ray. (B-6) P.C. ROY (probably the same) canvassed for Subhash to be President. He was a philanthropist and sent Subhash to serve victims of great flood in N. Bengal in 1922. See diary He was founder of Bengal Chemicals.

29.     RABINDRANATH TAGORE.  Profuse references since Netaji’s school days. ‘ In 1939 Tagore supported Subhash, praised him and titled him ‘Deshnayak‘ (leader of nation (G-402)  ‘Tagore laid foundation of Netaji’s Mahajati Sadan on 19th Aug.1939. (L-187) Praised Subhash (S-291) See diary for Tagore’s advice to start Village development, Rabindra Sangit, story of C.R.Das and Subhash invited to dinner by Tagore and Alsatian dogs Stalin and Lenin attacked. Story of Taiwan’s banquet of Chiang Kai Shek and Tagore. When Subhash resigned ICS one of his option was to serve in Tagore’s Shantiniketan. On way back from England Tagore and Subhash sailed by the same boat. Tagore wrote a letter of commendation to be presented at a public function to Subhash.

30.     Sir Dr. NILRATAN SIRCAR.  In his letter to Mother from Cuttack during school days   ” I found two prescriptions of Nilratanbabu in your room. But I could not decide which one you wanted.” (N-116) Subhash put himself under the treatment of Dr.Sir Nilratan Sirkar for about a month. (J-129) Sircar with Birla and Maulana came to see Gandhi at Wardha. (R-320)  He was on the Medical Board to examine Netaji when in jail. See diary how doctor Sircar was flown to Shaulmari Ashram to examine His Holiness Saradananda.

31.     Prof. E.F. OATEN. While in Presidency College Subhash Bose mentions, “Mr. O was subjected to the argument of force and in the processes was beaten black and blue. I was the eyewitness. I was expelled from the Presidency College – rusticated from the University.” (N-89) and plunged into the unknown. (G-246) See diary. Prof. Oaten after independence came for function of Netaji Research Bureau and commended Subhash and read his poem on him.

32.     ASHUTOSH MUKHERJEE. With the help of Ashutosh Mukherjee, Vice Chancellor, he got admission in the Scottish Church College in 1917 after his rustication. He was High Court Judge and Vice Chancellor of Calcutta University (CC-24). See diary. Ashutosh was father of Shyama Prasad Mukherjee of Hindu Mahasabha, the architect of Jana Sangh that was first political wing of RSS.

33.     V.D.SAWARKAR    A great revolutionary. He escaped from the boat on the coast of France. Suffered 26 years rigourous imprisonment in Andaman jail.  “In his meeting with Subhash in Bombay, Sawarkar suggested him that Congressmen will not allow him to work and best way was to go out of the country for help. (R-617). Netaji went to meet Sawarkar (S-14). See diary for trying to meet Sawarkar, met his son Vishwas, attended funeral.

34.     Lokmanya BAAL GANGASDHAR TILAK. About Tilak’s visit to Cambridge on (N-170) See diary for stories of Tilak, his house, Tusharkanti Ghosh etc.

35.     List of successive names of persons who influenced life of Subhash: Lord Krishna, Kali and Durga, Lord Buddha, Jesus Christ, Adya Shankar, Shivaji, Rana Pratap, Bahadur Shah Suri (reformer), Rani Zansi, Nanasaheb Peshwa, Tantya Topey, Robert Clive, Mazzini, Garibaldi, Keshao Chandra Sen, De Valera, Kemal Pasha, Bernard Shaw, Tennyson, Roma Rolland, Tolstoy. Raja Ram Mohan Roy (1772-1833) Founder of Brahmo Samaj, Maharshi Devendranath Tagore (1818-1905), Brhamanand Keshao Chandra Sen (1838-1884), Pandit Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar, Ramkrishna Paramhansa (1834-1880), Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902), Aurobindo Ghosh, Tilak Lokmanya (1856-1920), Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948), Rabindranath Tagore, C.R.Das, Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajendra Prasad, Sarat Bose, Mother Prabhabati, Beni Madhao Das, Bijoy Krishna Goswami, D.L. Roy (father of Dilip), Nazrul Islam, Bakimchandra (1838-94, father’s classmate at Albert school). Sharadchandra Chaterjee, Shakespeare, Milton, Tennyson and of course, father, mother and Saratda, Dilip Roy and Hemant Sarkar.

36.     Portrait of ideal men adorned wall of the house at Cuttack. Keshao Chandra Sen’s portrait was in Cuttack house (J-14) When Bose was confined to his room before escape, he had grown beard. Dr.N.B.Khare of Nagpur entered his room and saw life-size portraits of Ramkrishna Paramhansa, Vivekananda and other saints adorned the walls. (J193). See diary. Portraits at Ashram and at Dehradun: Rana Pratap, Shivaji, Buddha, Christ, Vivekananda, Ramkrishna, Sarada Devi and C.R, Das. References are innumerable. Important. C.R.Das liked poetry and songs. He was attracted to Vaishnavites  (worshipers of God Vishnu) Bijoykrishna Goswami, Tagore, Bipinchandra Pal. See diary.

37.     ISHWARCHANDRA VIDYASAGAR:  Jankinath had come under the influence of Keshavchandra Sen and Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar. The spiritual fervor of the latter’s oration had cast a spell on the young generation. (F-14) See diary. “For all sorts of work we cry out for servants.”(N-120). Related story of Vidyasagar in diary.

38.     RANA PRATAP.  Netaji has taken his place with Rana Pratap and Shivaji as a national figure in the heroic tradition. (J-274) See diary Rana Pratap’s Samadhi in ruins at Udaipur. Baba visited.

39.     “SHIVAJI should be our ideal, the motto, the guiding light, and the pilot to lead us to glory, remarked Subhash. (Q-177). See diary.

40.     H.V.KAMATH. He resigned I.C.S. service and worked under Netaji. After Gandhi debarred Netaji from Congress for three years Netaji called on him with Kamath at Wardha (R-397). Kamath & Ranga (G-391) Just before departure from India in Great Escape, Netaji wrote letters to Kamath, Nariman and Kavishwar. (R-429). There are many references of Kamath. He was elected from Hoshangabad in M.P as Member of Parliament. Visited Vienna and met Emilie Schenkl. He tried to probe Netaji’s disappearance at Taiwan. See diary.

41.     DILIP KUMAR ROY.  References are many. Most trusted friend who retired to Pondicherry ashram. I tried to seek him. He died in Pune recently. I am having news cutting of death of Dadaji (grandpa) i. e. Dilip Roy. Dilip was with Subhash in Presidency College and in England. Both were connoisseurs of music. After resigning ICS Subhash was broke and Dilip paid for his passage to India. Hemant Sarkar was nearest friend of Subhash and always opened his heart to him. He died young. Subhash would open his heart to Dilip and Hemant.

42.     Dr. RAJENDRA PRASAD A veteran Congress leader from Bihar and later first President of India. After Netaji’s resignation as President of Congress Rajendrababu took charge. Relation between Subhashbabu and him was cordial. He was to visit Ashram.

‘Netaji telephoned Rajendra Prasad to meet Gandhiji and take appointment for him. Through Rajendrababu telephoned to Gandhiji at Birla house in Delhi for meeting.  (L156)’  ” Rajendrababu very kindly paid me a visit on 16th instant.  We discussed labour questions of common interest and then turned to Congress affairs.” Rajendrababu went to Jamdoha to see health of ailing Subhash (S-288). Praising Rajendrababu (J-209). Rajendrababu was a brilliant student of law and studied with Sarat Bose. They were friends.

Prasad in Rangoon had a sugar factory. Gave everything to Netaji. He was probably relative of Rajendrababu (R-665)

See diary. Out of 26 VIPs only Rajendrababu wrote about his desire to have Darshan of His Holiness. Baba resented as to why Nehru did not attend Rajendrababu’s funeral. Diary.

43.     SHANKARRAO DEO. He was member of the working committee in 1938 when Subhash was President of Congress 1938 (J-142). Baba enquired about him. Diary.

44.     Acharya NARENDRA DEO.  In 1939 Netaji wanted a fighter as Congress President and he suggested name of ‘Samajwadi’ (Socialists) Congressman Acharya Narendra Deo. (G-369) Subhash was on stature at Tripuri Congress session. Narendra Deo read his speech. (R-370) Subhash was ready to withdraw for Narendra Deo (J-108). See diary enquiring about him. His article on Netaji. (I-279)

45.     JAYAPRAKASH NARAYAN. Leader of Samajwadi party urged delegates to vote for Bose but remained neutral on Pant resolution. (CC-46) Jayaprakash Narayan stayed away from Netaji’s efforts of Left Consolidation. (CC-47)  Suddenly at the time of election, the Samajwadi group and Jayaprakash Narayan distanced from Subhash. (S-271)  In time J.P. went against Subhash at Tripuri in open session and helped Pant resolution (R-376) C.S.P. was preparing to go underground. They were following in Subhash Bose’s footsteps (G-429) for civil disobedience movement. Late in 1940, J.P. sent a secret letter to Bose outlining programme for mass-struggle. (G-420) Again J.P. tried to send letter to Netaji through Madhav Gokhale at the Imphal front. (Hansa Gaan) See diary about J.P. and Koirala brothers, about most personal revelation of J.P.’s wife Prabhavati

46.     M.N.ROY.  On Subhash’s LCC (Left Consolidation Committee) argued that Bose’s only motive was personal ambition. (CC-47) See diary. Communist and Socialist not only went against Subhash Bose but also ditched the quit India movement of Gandhiji. Because of breakaway group of Roy from the communists an attempt on his life was made. Y.B. Chavan, the former Chief Minister of Maharashtra and defence minister of India was Royist. See diary

47.     ACCHUT PATWARDHAN was a bachelor and Socialist Party worker, and was member of CWC under Motilal Nehru. He worked with Jay Prakash Narayan (J.P.). Ram Manohar Lohia, Narendra Deo, Ashok Mehta and Minoo Masani. See diary about Acchut and also Ashok Mehta.

48.     Prof. HIREN MUKHERJEE. Brother of Sandip was Parliamentarian and Communist   He sent telegram to J.P. after Bose’s removal as Congress President. “Congratulations Party contemplating posterior of Jawaharlal Nehru.” (G-374) also (G-387). Hiren Mukherjee died on 30th July 1904 at the ripe age of 97. See diary for Sandip, his brother. Hiren wrote a book on Netaji.

49.     Pundit DWARKA PRASAD MISHRA of Jabalpur. Panditji (D.P. Mishra) and Seth Govindram are also inclined to the left wing. (M-29). He was charged of rape of a Muslim girl. He was minister and veteran Congress leader. See diary. My father’s bench mate. His wife met at Amarkantak. His son Brijesh Mishra, IFS, was P.A. to Vajpayee. See diary for further comments of Baba. Adv. Sharfuddin of Amravati charged of rape at Wardha. Vallabhbhai Patel’s letter to Subhash Bose regarding this (J-213).

50.     JINNAH MOHAMADALI. Gujarathi. Wife died while doing Bar-at-Law in London. Married friend industrialist Wadia’s daughter at Darjeeling. He was 42 and she 17. Left her after ten years. Grandson industrialist Nasli Wadia. Jinnah’s second wife Ruti committed suicide within a year from divorce.   (R-372, 373). Actress Preeti Zinta is probably engaged to Nasli Wadia’s son. See diary for Baba’s opinion about Jinnah.

Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru. Mr. Chinatamani and Jinnah were constitutionalists and moderates but were antagonized. Jinnah joined boycott of Simon Commission.

Tilak patched up with him at Lucknow Congress known as Lucknow Pact. He served as secretary to Dadabhai Naoroji and worked in Congress. He was hooted out at Nagpur as he called Mahatma as Mr. M.K. Gandhi. Congress gave him a cold shoulder. He banished himself to London for 17 years. Student Rehamat  gave him idea of Pakistan in London. Nawab Liyakat  brought him back to India after five years for politics. He was a modern Muslim. Ate pork. Never went to mosque, took regular evening pegs, meticulous and immaculate about dress. (R-252). See diary, Jinnah and partition of India.

51.     MAHADEV  DESAI  P.A. to Mahatma Gandhi. He went to see Netaji in Presidency jail (S-319). See diary about Baba’s high opinion about him.

52.     DEVDAS GANDHI youngest son of Mahatmaji. Served in Birla firm. See diary. Illness and naturopathy saved his life. He was married to Rajgopalachari’s daughter.

53.     MRUDULA SARABHAI in-charge women volunteers at Haripura. (S-319), (S-241. See diary- J. Nehru was to marry her. Gandhi stopped it.

54.     J.R.D.TATA. Industries magnet of India. G.D.Birla in a letter to Purushottambhai Thakurdas mentions ‘”Mr. Bose could be relied on to help Tata Iron and Steel Works whenever necessary. (CC-99). See diary for JRD’s letter to me.

55.     GHNASHYAMDAS BIRLA. Gandhiji’s financer and big industrialist. Gandhiji was staying at Sarat Bose. He and his wife were upset on Birla’s meanness. (R-277 -78) also (G-409). See diary. He wrote autobiography ‘In the shadow of Mahatma’. Gandhiji was shot at Birla Temple at Delhi.

56.     VIJAYA LAXMI PANDIT, daughter of Motilal Nehru (died on 6/2/1931). Congress worker, Ambassador to Moscow. U.N.O’s President of General Assembly .She was married with Barrister Ranjit Pandit, friend of Sarat Bose. Pandit practiced law in Calcutta. Vijayalaxmi lived at Dehradun on Rajpura Road in retirement. Before that she resided in Lucknow. (G-27) Refer diary about her and Mr.Ranjit Pandit. In young days she eloped with her Muslim lover but Gandhiji brought her back from Cairo.

57.     EDMUND BURK, HAMPDEN, CROMWELL, TOLSYOY, WARREN HASTING. ” The reason why Surendranath Banerjee is going to end his life with a knighthood and a ministership is that he is the worshiper of the philosophy of Edmund Burk preached. Netaji’s view, “We have got to make a nation. A nation can be made only by uncompromising idealism of Hampden and Cromwell……….The last way to end the Government is to withdraw from it. I say this not because that that was Tolstoy’s doctrine nor because Gandhi preaches it but because I believe in it.” See diary about Edmund Burk, (N-101) Impeachment of Warren Hasting.  See N-101, M-12, and M-317.

58.     President ROOSEVELT.  Nehru was willing to ask President Roosevelt to use his good offices to pressure the British to make concessions to Indian nationalists.  (G-478) See diary as to how Vijayalaxmi Pandit influenced Roosevelt to help India gain independence. America entered World War II in 1941 after an attack on the Pearl Harbor by the Japanese. Roosevelt insisted on Churchill to give dominion status to India immediately for help in war. Churchill was panicky and sent Sir Stafford Cripps to India within fifteen days. Also see (G-577).

59.     CLEMENT ATTLEE.   Prime Minister of Britain. Labour Party. On 15th Mar.1947 said that the spread of national idea was responsible for his subsequent decision to quit India on 15th Aug.1947.  He admitted that because of Subhash Bose Indian mercenaries were not faithful and hence to give independence to India was inevitable. For details see diary.

There is another reference in which he visited Calcutta after 1950 and stayed in Governor’s house. On question he replied INA was responsible for hastening Independence of India. He said Gandhi mattered a little. See diary.

60.     EDMUND DE VALERA. Bose had revolutionary ideal of Valera. He too escaped the British prison to fight for independence of Ireland. (G-249) Bose identified strongly with Sinn Feiners and admired Roger Casment, Michel Collins, and Edmund de Valera. (G-249) He found Irish situation instructive at almost every turn of Indian struggle.9g-221) See diary for Baba’s comment.

61.     WILLIAM PITT In talking mood Bose would quote William Pitt, and say “India too like England expects every man to do his duty.” (Q-46)  He highly praised British character for its honesty, integrity, keen sense of time, punctuality, perseverance, optimism, diligence and love for enjoyment of life. (J-33, R-45) See diary for William Pitt.

62.     GEORGE BERNARD SHAW.  His favorite author was Shaw (G-29, 408). He tried Shaw, H.G.Wells, and Roma Rolland for preface to his book (G-289). Diary.

63.     J.B.S. HALDEN. The well-known scientist of Britain whom Netaji met in England. (G-348). He became citizen of India. See diary for Baba’s comments about him  and Aldus Huxley.

64.     LOUIS FISHER Famous biographer. Stayed with Gandhiji at Sevagram. Questioned Gandhiji why he started Quit India movement when the British were in dire trouble. Gandhiji blurted, “Go and ask Subhash”. He found that not only Gandhiji but also all Ashramites were overwhelmed by feelings for Subhash. (S-421), (R-580). Netaji read the interviews in SE Asia. See diary-Who Louis?

65.     KENNEDY   Father of President J.F. Kennedy of U.S.A. He was an American Ambassador to Great Britain when Netaji was at Cambridge. Netaji quoted him, “Democracy is dead in England.” About JFK see diary.

66.     KEMAL ATATURK PASHA.  Netaji visited Turkey. Appreciated his national integration, secularism and modernization. See references (G-288), (S-249), (M-62, 93) an article on Ataturk by Netaji (L-79) Homage to, creative greatest statesman (B-63), modernizer (I-113) Bose condemned the philosophy of both Gandhi and Aurobindo, as they would breed passivity. Hence he urged students and youth to follow the life of Kemal Pasha and De Valera (H), (B-141). See diary about Baba’s opinion on Ataturk. Use of Roman alphabets for writing Hindustani language in INA like Ataturk.

67.     P.R. DE, ROBERT CLIVE, SIR FRANCIS DRAKE, SHIVAJI, TENNYSON, ULYSSES. Bose gave examples of ideals. (G-134). Refer  diary.

68.     GARIBALDI.  At one time Garibaldi influenced Subhash, as Mazzini influenced Surendranath Banerjee. (I-118), (L-247) See note on Garibaldi given to Ramlal Pahelwan when in recluse as Hanuman Giri. He named Anita after Garibaldi’s daughter.

69.     ADOLF HITLER   Netaji criticized  ‘Mein Kampf ‘  – ‘A German would far rather see India under British………’ He felt that Hitler had a severe as well as a dangerous psychopathic personality in whom Satan dominated. However for freedom of India Bose was ready to take help of Devil. See diary.

70.     Justice G. D. KHOSLA. He was Chairman of one man Commission of enquiry of Netaji’s death. ‘When Subhash Bose was doing ICS at Cambridge, G.D.Khosla went to England for ICS examination. They met in a street and Bose expressed his desire to resign and serve the country. Khosla contradicted and Bose just looked at him derisively. (Q-43). Khosla reared grudge against Netaji. Details in diary. Khosla wrote book on Netaji.

71.     RASBEHARI BASU   was a revolutionary who threw bomb on Vice Roy Harding in Chandni Chauk, Delhi in 1912 and escaped to Japan in 1915. Put all efforts for independence of India, IIL, and INA and handed over charge to Subhash Chandra Bose. {O-405), (R-506). Many references. See diary. Mohan Singh was POW of the Japanese. Major Fujiwara made him head to form Indian National Army. Later he had serious differences with the Japanese Government and was arrested and put in Sumatra prison on Plau Ubin Island. (B-186, G- 498). See diary as to how Netaji saved his life from firing squad. Baba made enquiry about him.

72.     SHAHA NAWAZ KHAN was one of the Indian Army Officers. He was late in joining the INA and always had deep mistrust of the Japanese. (G-515). His four generations served the British Army and he was loyal to them .He was commander of twenty thousand POWs of Nisun camp and talked anti-INA near Kiani. (R-538) He confessed that he tried to divide INA and finish it.  (R-632). Capt. Nura, his younger brother from the British Army secretly met Shaha Nawaz and told him to desert INA. He had a letter from Gen. Claud Auchinleck and that Mountbatten was waiting for him. (R-823) When the tide turned and the Japanese Army had retreated, Netaji urged that INA should continue to confront the Allies. (J-339) However Shaha Nawaz Khan surrendered. Netaji issued an order to shoot deserter and surrenderer. See diary about typist Jain who informed that Netaji signed court marshal order against Shaha Nawaz Khan.  Gen. Mataguchi asked Fujiwara, “Where is Shah Nawaz” (R-839). Shaha Nawaz with his men surrendered in May 1945. He did not wish to die. (G-520). After Red Fort trial, Shah Nawaz did not believe the death of Netaji in crash. See his article in (I). Shaha Nawaz became a minister in Nehru’s cabinet and headed an enquiry commission on Netaji’s death. The report approved death. See file on Shah Nawaz and diary too.

73.     GYANSINGH BIST. He was a hero. With his ninety-eight soldiers he fought a fierce battle against tanks and armored cars and half of it demolished and delayed British onslaught on Rangoon in Popa forest. Thousands of Japanese and Indian soldiers could retreat because of his cover fire. (R-939). F.M. Terauchi simply praised Netaji and INA for not deserting Japan like others.

74.     Col. THAKURSINGH fought at Maiktila and with Shah Nawaz at mount Popa.  (R-906) Probably he was the same Thakur Singh ailing seriously and Shri Baba went in white Ambassador car to see him in Punjab in Jan.1975. See diary. It is mentioned that Thakursingh headed the suicide squad of INA.

75.     Col PRITAM SINGH of INA attacked aerodrome of Malelacha near Imphal.  Fujiwara was also on the front. On 1st May 1944 with three hundred men Col Pritam Singh led the attack. Captured the aerodrome. Caught Gurkha soldiers and pardoned them from firing squad. They proved treacherous. Mataguchi’s force did not arrive to help him. (R-797-98, 924). See diary and photographs of Col. Pritam Singh..

76.     DNYANESHWAR DESHPANDE. He was from my town Amravati. He went to Japan to learn Jujutsu in 1938.Later became secretary of Rasbehari Basu. He was in charge of IIL in Burma. Delivered lectures in Marathi on Azad Hind Radio. (Q-365). Lastly he was Director of information of INA in Tokyo. His father in law was chief priest of Renkoji temple where Netaji’s fake ashes are kept. There is a reference that Japan’s army HQ handed over ashes to Director of publicity of INA. Other references maintain that Ayer and Murti received ashes.  For other information about him see diary and news items, which are already informed to JMCI.

77.     PRASAD had a sugar factory in Ziawadi .His bungalow was in Bahan area of Rangoon, 11, Jamal Avenue. Dnyaneshwar Deshpande vacated it for Netaji’s residence and Head Quarter.

78.     ABID HASAN was a student of engineering in Germany. Was from Nawab Family of Hyderabad. Joined non-cooperation movement and lived at Sabarmati Ashram of Gandhiji. Worked for Netaji in Germany. He was the lonely companion chosen by Netaji for his hazardous journey by submarine from Germany to Japan. He was with Netaji till the last journey at Saigon. (See R-509)

79.     SWAMI   Very closely worked for Netaji in Germany as well as in SE Asia. (R-693)  (G-447)  See diary for his visit to Ashram. There is confusion about Swami who is mentioned in most of the books on Netaji. Ayer mentions Major Swami (A-19, 22) and A.R. Swami. (A-133, 138) In fact he is N.G.Swami who was chief of intelligence wing of Netaji in Germany and later joined him in S.E.Asia.

80.     Capt. LAXMI.  Mother Swaminathan married a Keralite lawyer who was 23 years senior to her. Her daughter Laxmi married a pilot and within six months divorced. Went to Malaya. Popular doctor. Joined INA. After 1947 married Sehegal of INA. Contested for Presidentship of India against Dr. kalam (R-644)

81.     ANAND MOHAN SAHAY of Bhagalpur. Worked as P.A. of RAJENDRA PRASAD. Lived in Sabarmati Ashram with Gandhiji. His wife was C.R.Das’s sister’s daughter. He left for U.S.A. but was stuck up in Japan due to war. Worked for Netaji all throughout in SE Asia. His daughter was Miss Ashasan Sahay who is now Mrs. Bharati Chaudhari. She wrote diary. It is published, as Ashasan’s diary denoting events in SE Asia. She was then a schoolgirl. Her father was arrested in Hanoi and after independence he was Indian Ambassador in Bangkok. Like Baba’s habit she mentions Netaji liked mung dal, simple food and rock salt. (K)

82      S.A. AYER. Correspondent of Reuter in Singapore. Joined Netaji in his cabinet. Diary. I met him. See diary. Reluctantly he signed declaration of death of Netaji in Tokyo.

83        GENERAL TOJO   was the Prime Minister of Japan. He welcomed Netaji in Japan. His first meeting with Netaji was on June 30,1943. Hidohito Tojo was educated in Germany. His grandfather and great grandfather were traditional Japanese dancers. His father joined Army. Tojo loved Netaji and rendered all possible help to him. Gave loan and recognition to Provisional Government. Tojo was removed from Prime Minister’s post because of failure in Burma and yet Netaji called on him. Eleven nations’ Kangaroo Court passed verdict against him as war criminal and he was hanged in 1948.

84            RADHA VINOD PAL of India was amongst the eleven members of the Kangaroo Court and he was   the only member to pass lone verdict of  ’not guilty ‘ against Gen. Tojo. See diary His death related by Baba.

85           Major FUJIWARA.  Imperial General H.Q. sent as group headed by Maj. Fujiwara to assist Gen Tamura at Bangkok in intelligence and psychological warfare. The group became known as SHITA KIKAN. He was pioneer to form Indian National Army. (INA) and got hold of Mohan Singh to head it. His liaison group between the Prisoners of War and the Japanese Army was named as F KIKAN. Gyani Pritam Singh explained F for Friendship, Freedom and Fujiwara. Fujiwara was Gen. Katakura’s intelligence officer. Gen Katakura was known as ‘ The Tiger of Burma ‘. He became staff officer of the 15th Army.  Like Toy Huge Fujiwara was of the opinion that Netaji had only one aim to march to India but he lacked military knowledge, logistic, planning of supply line and view of consolidated theatre of war. Many times he had differences with Netaji regarding strategy of war. ‘ FUJIWARA saw Bose military-incompetent as well as unrealistic and stubborn man who saw only his own needs and problems and could not see the larger picture of the war as Japanese had to.’ (G-517) Fujiwara was working under Gen. Mataguchi on the front line on the border between India and Burma. Netaji was impatient to liberate Assam and Fujiwara was patient. They had serious differences amongst them about the plans. However Terauchi and Tojo always supported Netaji.

‘ FUJIWARA remarked that Bose ignored the simple fact that the overall strategy of the war was decided not by Netaji but by his superiors.’ (J-339). See diary about Fujiwara. In Hayashida’s book he wrote a long article on Bose as a mark of obituary and praised Bose’s military skill and that Bose wanted ten years’ dictatorship for India. Page 154.

86            Col. IWAKURO took charge of F Kikan and renamed it as ‘ IWAKURO KIKAN ‘ and planned operation Burma.

87           Col YAMAMOTO was Japanese military attaché in Berlin and worked for Netaji’s escape to Japan. He received Netaji at Saban island on 6th May 2943 where Netaji touched by submarine from Germany. He became Major General and took charge of IWAKURO KIKAN from Col Iwakuro and named it as ‘HIKARI KIKAN ‘.

88         Gen. ISODA replaced Gen. Yamamoto as Director of the HIKARI KIKAN and worked with Netaji till he left Saigon on 17th Aug 1945. Netaji was not satisfied with the liaison group and insisted on direct contact with the Japanese Govt. Hence Ambassador HCHIYYA and later Minister MINETANO were attached to Netaji who remained with him on the Burma front and the Rangoon-Bangkok march and accompanied him till he left Saigon on 17th Aug. 1945..

89         GEN.KAWABE of the 15th Army was the creator of the main offensive of the Burma Army. Gen. MATAGUCHI planned and executed the main offensive of Manipur, Kohima and Imphal. On these three fronts the operation was carried by YAMAGIDI, YAMAYUCHI (died in hospital) and block-headed SATO who partly turned the tide of war. On the enemy side Chief Commander was Mountbatten with H.Q. in Ceylon and the front was under Auchinleck. Slim headed through Arakan, Irawati to Rangoon, Gen. Winset who cut supply line of the Japanese and INA armies died in air-crash.

90.           FIELD MARSHAL TERAUCHI. The whole S.E. Asia and the Pacific was under the command of Field Marshal TERAUCHI whose H.Q. was in Philippines, then Singapore and lastly Dalat near Saigon. He was related to Royal family and was the most powerful person of Japan. He simply adored and loved Netaji. He put Gen. Shidei, as commander of the Burma. F.M.Terauchi sent Admiral NAKADO to welcome Netaji on arrival at Bangkok from Rangoon. Later he himself flew from Dalat to greet Netaji and praised his courage and loyal friendship when other allies deserted Japan. He confessed that because of the valiant cover fire of INA and sacrifice, life and arms of about two lakhs Japanese soldiers could be saved in successful retreat. He assured him that as long as he was alive no one would touch a single hair of his. He not only construed and executed the plan of Netaji’s escape but to doge the Allied Intelligence he created documentary evidence that Netaji was heading for Dairen in Manchuria to surrender to advancing Russians. He also managed telegrams about the news of air-crash and subsequent death of Netaji. Terauchi always spoke with Netaji in German language.

91            TAKAHASHI was in the plane in the last journey .He was attached to HIKARI KIKAN and accompanied Netaji in the march from Rangoon to Bangkok. He sent a message to Hikari Kikan H.Q. in Rangoon, ” If Bose was to offer his life then he too would have to offer his.”     (G-539)

92      CHIANG KAI SHEK. He ruled Cung King regime. Netaji met him and dissuaded him from backing the Anglo-American axis (G-474, 94). Chiang Kai Shek with wife visited India in 1942 and urged Indians to help the British to free China from Japan. Once he gave reception to Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. Lastly he retreated to Formosa Island (Taiwan) against Mao’s onslaught and survived due to American backing and support. The dispute about Taiwan still continues. See diary for story of Rabindranath Tagore at banquet of Ciang Kai Shek

Note

References to most of the above personalities are in discussions with Baba and recorded in diaries.

I have already submitted the details and names of the Japanese Officers regarding the following to J.MCI in my previous correspondence: R

1.        Indian and Japanese officers who last saw off Netaji at Saigon airport.

2.        Occupants of the B-52 Sally Bomber

3.        Survivors and dead passengers of the plane.

4.        Persons present at the time of ambiguous  death of Netaji.

5.        Persons present at the crematorium.

6.        Persons who carried the ashes and installed in Renkoji Temple.

Here it may be reminded that there were two different Nakamura and Sakai at Taihoku One Sakai was incumbent of the crashed plane and another Sakai was in charge officer of the airport. Similarly, Nakamura present at the time of death was interpreter already associated with Netaji and another Nakamura was one of the officers in charge of the airport.

There are many more Japanese who were associated with Netaji and that can be easily found out from Index to (G) and (H).

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