Personalities – Netaji & Babaji

Posted By Author on December 2, 2011

Wherever OK is mentioned it means similar traits are written in diary about Baba.


1. AMBITION    A nation need not exist nay it has no right at all to live, if it has no ambition. (E-137)  His views regarding ambition changed. He regarded ambition baser to self-reverence. OK.  “I am not that boyish ambitious Subhash”

2.        ” BEDHA “  ‘How Netaji escaped being killed on the spot is even now a wonder to me. (A-265) There is a reference that he used to put Divine bedha to safeguard him-self. OK. See diary for Divine Bedha.

3.        “SURJA RASHMI” or “TRATAK” He would gaze at the Sun even at noon (S-97 & 102). See diary and coloured photograph of jackfruit tree of Dehradun. OK.

4.        CONCENTRATION OK   He took Yogic exercise. Concentration was sought in many ways including  ‘Tratak’ i.e. gazing at the Sun. See diary. Need of fan or cascade for concentration. Imagining candle flame above head.

5.        TORCH  OK Netaji would get up at night and examine area in torchlight.       (R-931) .OK. At Gangtoli.

6.        SELF-RESPECT. OK.   This was a typical facet of his life all throughout.

a.        Through a pamphlet he denounced Hitler’s ideas of Nordic and White superiority.  (S-220) Baba would publish pamphlet in others name to defend honour.

b.        While negotiating with Adolf Hitler and German Officers he never compromised with self-respect. (S-149) Compromise was not the word in Baba’s dictionary also.

c.         At Rangoon Gen. Kawabe invited Netaji for dinner. General Kawabe’s ADC gave message. Netaji refused to go unless General himself invited. He had to come.   (R-669). Like Netaji to maintain decorum and protocol was Baba’s nature.

d.        Baba was very particular about manners and etiquettes like Netaji. See diary for many examples. Netaji, ‘As a person I would have gone but as the Head of INA he must keep proper decorum.’ (S-670) OK.

e.        ” I have never done…. compromise in the least, either the honour or the self-respect or… (A-31) “I am now at the cross-ways and no compromise is possible.” (N-97) “ I have come to believe that compromise is a bad thing. It degrades the man and injures his cause.” (N-101) OK.

f.          Infinite is our strength and power but we have lost confidence and self-respect.   (E-158) OK

g.        “……… rouse it to a sense of self-respect and honour. “ (L-28) OK. See Baba’s dictated poem of Tennyson.

h.        Mr.Coats, Chief Engineer, entered in a casual and jaunting manner into Chief-Executive’s cabin, He started to talk with the Chief Executive Officer Subhash Bose with cigarette in his mouth. Subhash scolded him,” Is it proper to smoke before superior officer? (A-8) OK. See how typist Jain was snubbed for smoking and ousted.  Diary.

i.         See diary for numerous examples of self-respect in diaries like those of Tennyson, JK Industries, and taxi driver, not entertaining letters directly addressed to him or difference to call Bhai and Bhaiyya, snubbing third person for interruption when two were engaged in talk or chastised for fidgeting or for Padalanghan. No compromise etc examples in diary.

7.        ETIQUETTES & FORMALITIES. OK.

a.        With Japanese Generals, Marshals, Admirals, Ministers. See        (A-217)

b.        Refused to see Japanese Ambassador Hachiya without official letter of appointment. (G-519)

c.        He snubbed officer Ellison who came to warn him that he would not go to Dhaka. He called in singular term as Subhash to which Netaji warned him to call either Subhashbabu or only Mister. There are many references on this trait of Netaji. See also diary for this.

8.        SIMPLE LIVING  OK  His habits were simple and wants very small. His dress and his bed were plain and his belongings very few. He had an aesthetic sense and love for nature. Artificiality in every sphere was distasteful to him. (I) ” A life of sacrifice to start with, plain living and high thinking…is highly enchanting to my imagination and inclination.” (N-98) See diary for this trait till end of life.

9.        ADJUSTABILITY    He would adjust to any place and food. He told, “ Be Roman when in Rome” and Mrs. Sarojini Naidu anguished as to what will happen to this man in future. (S-241) See diary for unimaginable adjustability in jungles.

10.     SIESTA   After lunch always preferred a nap. (S-485). OK. See how Baba remarked on my nap in noon. “Like Guru like Chela.”

11.     TEMPER

a.        All knew Netaji’s quick temper. (R-727) OK.

Netaji was getting uneasy and bad tempered because his mind was already working in the Far East. (D -127)

b.        Netaji lost his temper and said something about having to deal with “pack of fools” during Rangoon march. (A-29, 30) He lost his temper, which was so rare with him. (A-16) Netaji retired in a terrible and nasty mod. (A-17) Baba used Bengali equivalent term ‘Gadar Jan’. Baba was like Rishi Jamadagni losing temper.

c.        Angry and insistent, he would not leave Malaya without girls of Rani Zansi Regiment. (G-535) Baba too used to be adamant and stubborn.

d.        Important  ‘ Next second he was absolutely his normal self. ‘ (J-269) Wonderful and unique trait of Baba also. OK.

12.     TIE & BREAK ‘ So the close ties and the revolt are both there in a number of different relationships and context of his life.’ (G-343) OK.

13.     FIRING EVEN NEAR ONES. Netaji knew General Yamamato of Hikari Kikan since Berlin. In reception speech Netaji talked of forming the Provisional Government. Yamamato, at lunch, expressed his dissent to that as no permission was taken from the Japanese Government. Netaji snubbed him then and there and warned him to mind about his limitations. All Indian officers, Bhonsle, Shaha Nawaz, Rasbehari Basu were stunned and pleased. Netaji remarked, “These bureaucrat’s pencils have broken the swords of mightiest mighty.” (R-624, 625) OK. Watch he uses pencil and not pen. See diary for administrative reforms and bureaucracy.

14.     TEMPERAMENT     “I am temperamentally not a vindictive person and I do not nurse grievances.” (J-260) See diary. This is absolutely true. He forgave Uttamchand, Hiralal  “I have the mentality of a boxer sportsman spirit.” (N) OK.

15.     SENSITIVE OK. ” From childhood sensitive in nature, free of pride or egoism, hard working.  Manindra Mohan Moulik, a student in Germany, was ill. He was not knowing him and yet he went to see him.’ (S-215). He could sit for hours like a nurse at the bedside of even the humblest of his co-worker. (D-2) There are other references of nursing of Jagganath Bhonsle, Kamala Nehru, Vithalbhai Patel, villagers, etc. He was popular to all as nurturing, care taking and nursing person. See diary ” I was not only sensitive by temperament but had been accustomed to different treatment from my childhood.” (N-64). OK. Baba would personally call on ailing Ashramite, provide special food, and arrange medicine.

16.     INTELLECTUAL  ” I was lucky, however, that the environment in which I grew up was on the whole to the broadening of my mind.” (N-43)  ” In the final two years of the college I developed intellectually during this period. (N-12) OK. Baba’s intellectual trapeze is astounding.

17           REMARKABLE MEMORY:  Saratda and Vivekananda had remarkable memory. Netaji emulated them and developed fantastic memory. “How he could remember every word written in the preceding pages. How he could remember the sequence of the paragraphs.” (A-103)  ” Deshbandhu was forgetful about many things, but in matters literary his memory was prodigious.”(E-88). Netaji emulated him. ” Netaji wrote The Indian Struggle through sheer memory as no references were available. See diary for Baba’s phenomenal, prodigious and almost encyclopedic memory. Told story of Vivekananda and German philosopher. Complete page photographed in memory. OK.

18            ADAMANT. Father Janakinath to mother Prabhavati about Subhash, “He is very adamant and tenacious. He is intelligent and keeps word.”(S-4) OK. Baba used to get upset if anybody failed to keep his word or tenacity in entrusted work..

19            UNPREDICTABLE. Father, “It is unpredictable what would enter his mind    and suddenly leave for any place.” (S-5) This is perfectly true about Baba. See diary. Subhashbabu admitted,” I have to strain a lot to bring my mind to terms.”  (S-7) OK.

20            ECCENTRIC OK. Subhash’s eccentric behaviour did not fail to attract his parents’ attention. (J-18)  Waywardness, eccentric and obstinate- features on (J-20) his own admission,” I must have appeared, eccentric and obstinate. ……….The more resistance I met the more obstinate I became.”(N-44) ” I was separated from a small group of eccentric school-boys whom I had gathered round myself in Cuttack.” (N-45)  “ Forget faults and respect virtue of a man. (N-170) See diary. People know about my waywardness. (N-158) He admits he was obstinate and a bit abnormal. See diary. This trend remained till end. Taught us to respect good in man and forget bad. Baba’s whims knew no bounds.

21            QUICK THINKING    He opened a non-political debating club in the college and told Dilip Roy that it would promote quick thinking and self-reliance.   (CC-23) See diary. Baba’s method of questions and answers. Quick thinking. OK.

22      SELF-CONFIDENCE    As he entered Ravenshaw college school he mentions,” The new atmosphere in which I lived and moved forced me to think better of myself – that I was worth something and that I was not an insignificant creature. It was not a feeling of pride that crept into me but of self-confidence, which is the sine qua non of all success in life.  (N-26).  OK.

23      INTROVERT  ” Family environment helped me to broaden my mind. It could not, nevertheless, rid me of that shy reserve, which was to haunt me for years later and which I doubt if I have yet been able to shake off. Perhaps I was and still remain an INTROVERT.” (N-3). See diary. Perfect truth about Baba also. OK.

24      SPENDTHRIFT Bose’s purse was always open to his comrades and co-workers. They were welcome to approach him for help at any hour of the day or night. He would extend his helping hand even to the dependents and families of disabled or deceased colleagues. (J -328).  Absolutely true about Baba. OK.

25      NO GREED  ” I had no personal experience of what want and poverty meant and I had no occasion to develop those traits of selfishness, greed and rest. (N-2)  ” To be a member of a large family, one develops sociability and overcomes self-centeredness and angularities.”    (N-3)  See Baba’s thoughts on selfishness. OK.

26      LIKED BEST In case I go to a hotel, I should go to the best. (J-202) OK.

27      RATIONALIST    ” I am of an exceedingly rationalistic form of mind, but I respect the feelings and sentiments of others even when I do not agree with them.” (L-121). See diary. Voltaire: ‘ I do not agree with you but I shall fight to death to maintain your right to say so.’ OK.

28      MONOTONY   Subhas would get disgusted when affairs would run smoothly in the camp. He would call it monotony.  See diary for meaning and examples of monotony. OK.

29      JOKES AND LAUGHTER   He liked cheer, laughter, with good humour and radiated. (A-172) Liked jailors advice when in Madras jail. ‘Live donkey is any day better than a dead lion.’ (During fast in prison in 1940’(A-181) Dilip Kumar Roy, a very close friend said,” He was never more bewitching than when in the grip of laughter. He was a man with super-abundant energy, would pay for what he wanted, with all his native aristocratic generosity.”  (J-30)   Liked cheer, laughter, wit and humour (A-172) Was much too fond of a good joke, cracking one (A-172). He had a ready smile on his lips and a mischievous twinkle in his eyes. (J-325)  All this is covered in diary. OK.

30         CARELESS ABOUT OWN LIFE.  He never, even for a moment, cared         for his life. (A-23)  See many instances in diary. OK.

31      NON STOP SPEAKING  ……… he spoke to them non-stop for four         hours. (A-208)  See diary for nine to twelve hours non-stop speaking. OK.

32       GUESTS    He was careful to put humblest guest at ease. (C-98).  Exact nature of Baba. O.K.

33      HOSPITALITY- Apart from the constant hospitality he dispensed, he lived frugally (C-98) OK. Same with Baba.

34      WRITING LETTERS.  See A-175 and diary and files. Netaji confesses that he expresses his thoughts through writing letters after letter. O.K. See Baba’s letter.

35      WRITING   Bose had a neat and fluent hand and he had never to pause or grope for words. (J-329). O.K He also contributed occasional articles to periodicals.   (J-329). See letters to editors as Meera.

36            TEATOTALLER   Subhash was also a puritan and was shy in the company of women. He was a strict teetotaler. (B-12). O.K.  His abstention from alcohol    became a definite part of his public reputation. (C-38) Prof. Gordon disagrees. See diary for admission.

37            SERIOUS. He was something of a moralizing prude, serious in his purpose and outlook, serious minded, stern and grim, self-respect, never talked about girls, warned friends about wine and women, and was virile and handsome. (J-37). O.K.

38      FILMS.  He liked to see films and listen to Radio news. (J-330) OK. See diary for Two Movies-Cigarette and revolutionary photo.  Lata Mangeshkar.

39      COOLNESS & COMPOSURE.    Even in most dangerous occasions his coolness and composure steadied the nerves of all around him. (A-267). O.K.

40      ‘STITAPRADNA.  Faith, courage, equanimity and sense of humour never deserted him through all vicissitudes of the struggle. (J-339) O.K.

41      TRECHERY.  He had intensive allergy to any kind of treachery. (J-340) See letter to me. Komagata Maru.  ‘How can these fellows have the heart to betray their comrades and their country?’ (A-202) OK.

42      SERENITY.  The rare glow of his face never faded of the serenity that would descend on it in the midst of tumultuous events. (A-269) O.K.

43      WITHDRAW. He would withdraw within himself in a trice and would be in communion with God. His faith in the Supreme Being was an inexhaustible reservoir of courage and optimism. (A-269) See diary for many times how he closed himself. OK

44      ADVENTURE IN UNKNOWN  “There is nothing that lures me more than life of adventure away from the beaten track and in search of the ‘ UNKNOWN.’  ‘In this life there may be suffering but there is joy as well.’ (C-56) O.K. Bose’s life never was a beaten track. It was a great adventure where one may really meet a giant in a windmill; it is an odyssey in pursuit of the UNKNOW3N. (I-254) Baba spent fourteen years in search of unknown.

45       FIDGETING.  He would snub friends sitting on sofa in lotus position. One who made lot of hand movements to him he would snub  (Q-46). See diary. Professor’s Shaktilal’s incident. OK. A visitor to Baba was always cautioned not make movements of hand or interrupt when other was talking.

46      LOOSE TALK   C.D.Deshmukh, Y.S.Sukhthankar, contemporary ICS students mention,’ he would not tolerate loose talk or subject about women or sex.’ (Q-48) OK. See 10/1/1067 about Saxena’s vulgar joke on Indira Gandhi and Baba’s livid blasting.  There was a certain amount of secretiveness about his nature. He would never tolerate in his presence any loose talk about sex or women or any denigration of India or Indian culture. (B-11) Detested untimely or bad humour played at odd times even by nearest man. As student in England he would snub friends for dirty humour. (S-136) See diary for untimely humour on killing flies or good humour to Baba’s liking like Major Kedarnath or Captain Badrinath.

47      DEEP THINKING- Very Important. OK

a.             Thinking night and day, almost exclusively of the desertions.   (A-201)

b.             Also see  (A-181) the same is about escape from prison.

c.       It took Bose fully three months of prayer and meditation to        decide if he had strength enough to face death. (by fasting.)   (J-188)  OK

d.             He spent hours in deep solitary thoughts. (A-47) OK

e.             Address on radio, ” I can assure you Mahatmaji, that before I finally decided to set out on a hazardous mission, I spent days, weeks and months in carefully considering pros and cons of the case.” (A-310), (J-306)

f.              At the time of resignation from I.C.S. thought over for a month and  wrote, “ In the cold light of logic, I have examined the pros and cons of this step.”

g.             “ I have carefully weighed the loss and gain that will accrue from it. I have no Illusion. (J-346). Similar was the case about his decision to come out after birth of Chinu. Baba was deeply thinking and thinking about pros and cons of his coming out not for days, weeks or months but for years. It took him one year to give up hatred of the British.

48.           KALI POOJA In keeping with his religious temperament he had taken a solemn vow to fast unto death on KALI POOJA DAY. (J-189) See diary going for Kali Pooja to Ashram from the Himalaya. Also first feeding of food to Chinu on Kali pooja.

49.           SLEEPING ON BLANKET   Netaji dropped off to sleep under a tree on a piece of blanket spread on the dusty ground. (A-27, 29) There was a certain amount of secretiveness about his nature. OK. See diary how we slept on blanket on snow.

50            PARTITITION OF INDIA.   Very much against partition of India, free or unfree. (G-614). He had postal stamps of INA denoting undivided India. Netaji expressed his view about partition to Ganpuley in Germany. “ Pakistan if accepted would mean the complete victory of British politics, which had ruined many a nation so far, starting with their own kith and kin, the neighbouring Irish nation. By accepting Pakistan we shall completely destroy the geographical, economic, and racial unity of the great country, which had lived for thousands of years in spite of all foreign onslaughts.” (D-133) Many reference. See diary-Aurobindo’s prophecy. Baba put map of undivided India in Ashram. He opined British victory of Divide and Rule and Jinnah a puppet.

51.           ENQUIRY ABOUT WELFARE.  Important. He asked ordinary people (in Vienna) about the details of their lives. (G-273)  He had same habit about colleagues. Gandhiji also had the same habit. See diary about me whenever I reached at his destination he would first enquire about welfare of parents..

52.           ENQUIRY ABOUT PRICES   He would enquire about prices of bananas to servants in Singapore. (C-98)  “Kali aj banana ke liye kitna diya?” (A-23) See diary for Baba’s enquiry about rates of Banaras sweets at Vishweshwar temple, Paratwada, Rishikesh, and Rudraprayag markets. (Note Banaras is spelt Benaras, Benares, and Banares. Authentic one?)

53.           DEVOTION TO WORK

a.            Somebody must devote himself entirely to this task – he must become mad after it. (E-33) OK. Baba always wanted everybody to work spontaneously with full devotion.

b.            Subhash’s dutifulness, his devotion to work was unique and unusual. He did everything with equal zeal.  As Principal of National College arranged benches, chairs, meticulous account. Though sometimes classroom were devoid of students he would sit alone for the period. (G-85) There are many examples for devotion to work in diary.  Baba worked with me in gardening for continuous nine hours.

54.           SMALL JOBS   He conducted the meetings in villages meticulously for he thought even seemingly insignificant jobs had to be conducted with devotion. See diary. “Spinach planting requires surgeon’s skill and if one has no heart in small jobs how big ones could be done.”

55      RESENTED SUBSTANDARD   “If the persons who have been appointed are not up to the mark, it would be my duty to get rid of them and I shall not shirk from the unpleasant task.” {G-112, 313, 314) See diary, “A small man in a big post is always a dangerous thing.”

56      HABIT OF CORRECTION      Netaji was stickler for corrections in every thing. (A-XXIV). See diary for work and spellings. Even wrote letter to me for correction of spelling, about my errors.

57      INSISTING ON SPONTANEOUS URGE   ” Unless we are compelled or whacked from above we do not do our duties, for we have no spontaneous origin for it.” (J-176). OK. Watering, plants, telegrams. See Diary. Baba rued over lack of spontaneous urge amongst followers.

58      HARD WORK Important. OK.

a.        The work would be endless and the strain greater than greatest. (N-145)

b.        ‘ Ultimately one has to be lost him-self completely in work.”(N-145)

c.        Major Takahashi, “Indian leader appeared to be a Supreme Worker twenty hours a day.” (B-218) OK. Diary. We worked continuously for hours in gardening.

d.        Upendranath Banerjee portrayed Subhash Bose as,’ Never in my life did I see such a tireless worker. Subhash was entirely different. No laxity. He had a bulldog’s tenacity. He never gave up something in the middle once he started any work it was to be finished without break. A must for him. And hardship was no problem to him; he was ready to work without food, rest or sleep to finish the job. So he was also not ready to tolerate the laxity of others working with him and if any sign of it was seen in others made him mad…. ‘ (G-88). Absolutely true. See diary. Spinach bed preparation for nine hours with Baba. Even in candle light work was finished. Cabbages in Ashram were uprooted for laxity of members of ashram at Shaulmari.. See diary for myriad examples.

e.        There is a reference regarding Netaji’s working style. Probably it was regarding work of Mahajati Sadan. Netaji worked very hard even without food, rest, and sleep to finish the work. He expected the same from co-workers. Otherwise he would get irritated and chastised them. It is worth noting See diary for myriad examples of Baba. Both Netaji and Baba had tremendous tenacity, perseverance, and capacity to do any work and expected same from others.

59      ACCURACY OF WROK. He insisted on clear and most accurate presentation. (G-104). See diary. Thoughts in Nagpur Times. Drafts and redrafts of letters many times till Baba felt satisfied in accuracy.

60      PERFECT TIMETABLE. Bhagatram to Uttamchand, “I must return. Slightest delay creates anxiety for Subhashbabu. (S-370)  See diary for absolutely true statement. Baba would not tolerate slightest delay.

61      DISCIPLINE. Netaji is very particular about discipline. He did not tolerate slightest sluggishness. (A-9) See Diary for his rigourous discipline — bath, washed clothes, wash after pee, bathe after nature’s call, and cover excreta, not to drink river water immediately. Baba always wanted perfect discipline, nay, it was obligatory and for lack of it he would burst in anger and blast the defaulter.

62      SETTLEMENT   He would settle without difficulty differences of opinion or misunderstanding or even quarrels amongst co-workers. (B-127) See diary my coffee episode.

63      LEARNING Netaji studied Sanskrit, philosophy, English law, political science, modern European history, English history, economics, geography, cartography, psycho analysis, mental and moral science, Latin, western music. Knew languages: Oriya, Bengali, Hindi, French, German, and English. Indian history, Vedas, Upanishadas, Gita, Patanjali Yog Sutra, Yog Vasishta, Brahma Sutra, Bible, Sankhya, Ramayana, Mahabharata, palmistry, star positions, etc. (N-87)(N-21, 23), (S-11) OK. It is exact replica of Baba.

64      KINDNESS OK

a.        a. Netaji was a very kind hearted person. (I-190) OK.

b.        His courtesy and kindness impressed everybody who came in contact with him, and very rarely did he lose his temper. (J-324) OK.

c.        ” Netaji ” captured the heart of soldiers with his deep personal interest in their welfare.   (J-336). See diary. Everybody who came to have His first ‘Darshan” was captivated and captured permanently for Ashram. Baba’s kindness knew no bounds.

65      CARE    Mr. Ayer mentions,“ He was, however, invariably mindful of their welfare. (Aide, stenos) and made sure that they had something more solid than tea or coffee.” See diary. How Baba would prepare food for us and insist on helpings.

66      MASTER OF DETAILS     On the eve of leaving his homeland in Jan.1941, when he handed over all the work to me (Mukundilal Sarkar), he did not forget to mention the names of certain persons who and whose families needed pecuniary help and also of whose domestic affairs and properties would be at stake. This is why we used to call him  ‘ MASTER OF DETAILS’ See diary .My journey with Gita to the Ganges Bridge. How he would tell me to send money to Rajat, Dinbandhu, Gyandada, about land of Ashram to be distributed amongst Ashramites with details of persons.

67      FORGIVENESS.  OK.

a.        He had got a large heart to forgive his opponents and forget the mistakes of his associates, if they reassured sincerely and seriously of their future conduct. (I-119) Baba admitted his weakness of kindness and quoted Gandhiji for harsh punishment to Nariman and Mahadev Desai.

b.        It was his inherent kindness of heart that sometimes weakened him and stood in the way of taking the strictest measures against delinquents and those who deserved harsher punishment. (I-177). True about Baba.

c.        Netaji confesses that he fights like a boxer and then shakes hands whether defeat or victory (N) See how Baba pardoned Swarup Jain, Uttamchand Malhotra, Hiralal Dixit et all.

d.        In practicing self-analysis he said, ” That even in the thick of the fight, fight one must. I felt one was obliged not only to lenient to one’s antagonist but to love them.” (C-33) For example Durani, Shah Nawaz. See diary. Uttamchand, Hiralal Dixit, Pandey brothers.

68      HARD & SOFT    As a political being, Subhash was the sternest of men, but as a social being he was the sweetest … he had a woman’s heart.  Mr. Ayer experienced that under the hard cover, he had a soft core in his heart. See diary. How Baba recited Sanskrit …Vajrapi kathorani kusumapi mrudu. OK.

69      IMPATIENT & RESTLESS  OK

a.        Gandhiji said,” He was impatient of delay in every walk of life.” (J-154)

b.        Bose became restless and, at times, even lost his temper.  (J-218)

c.        He sometimes felt very restless. (D-128) See diary for many examples. Baba was restless to emerge out as Subhash the saint.

70      RETORT OK

a.        He knew German intention of expansion. He knew what Mussolini did in Abyssinia. He knew Japan’s intention of        co-prosperity sphere. Yet he never wanted to be nobody’s tool.  See diary how he retorted to Uttamchand’s brother in law Sohanlal Kapoor. See his reply to applicant for the post of law officer with poem ‘ Well Mr. Braggadocio.’

b.        Chief Presidency magistrate in Madras jail,” Are you comfortable?” Netaji, “Please introduce yourself “  ” I am the Chief Presidential Magistrate and an official visitor ” Netaji, ” You should be ashamed of yourself and of your Government to keep me as a prisoner without any charge or trial. Don’t you think it is sheer mockery to ask a prisoner if he is comfortable? Why don’t you put yourself in this position and then get the answer? ” Since then no visitor ever dared to see him. (I-117) See diary example of Vivekananda for retort- I have come to make you better Christians, Jumping on trees, poem: Yes Mr. Braggadocio. Reply to member of Parliaments, editors of newspapers. How he snubbed SDO of Okhimath. OK.

71      INTOLERANCE   Like Deshbandhu he became intolerant of criticism. (I-190) See many libel cases of Ashram. Letter to editor of Statesman. OK.

72      INDEPENDENCE OK

a.        Brave, patriotic and undaunted even in adversity. (J-232)  OK.

b.        Despite his loyalty to his leader C.R.Das, he retained his independence of outlook and judgment. (B19) OK.

73      YOUNG OLD MAN      His Guru C.R. Das always called him ‘ young old man ‘ because of a certain gravity in his manner. Subhash continued to identify with the young and their hopes and dreams even as he grew older. (G-133)  See diary how Baba was ‘OLD YOUNG MAN.’ Watch how Baba dreamt to train young men to take reins of the country. Open universities and segregate corrupt politicians.

74      BLUNT & BOLD. From his childhood he had believed in giving expression to what he really felt, even though this occasionally put him in hot water. (B-27) OK.  See snippets of Baba.

To his Nazi partner, “ For the sake of my country, I have risked my neck to come to Germany. I shall escape your Gestapo also. (D-19) See diary for statement on NEHRU’S DEATH. See letter to magistrate of Okhimath. Challenge to Parliament.

75      FIRMNESS. Once he made the decision, he never vacillated or wavered or looked back. (J-278). O.K.

76      FIGHTER. Bose was a born fighter. He was impatient to see his country free. He was a man in hurry. (J-148) Was he misled by an overweening ambition, which made him blind to harsh realities? (J-149)  See diary Why Subhash failed. No more that boyish, ambitious Subhash. Sidholi incident. Gloria case and Charan Singh.

77      DAUNTLESS…strafing started but Netaji would not take cover. (A-20)                                             We were all in constant dread of the risk to Netaji’s life because of his obstinate refusal to take cover when the fighters came overhead.      (A-20)  Shah Nawaz Khan writes, “ He was absolutely fearless and did not seem to care for his life or comfort. He seemed to lead a charmed life for I have personally seen him miss death by inches several times and it is on account of that belief that I can never believe that Netaji is dead.” (I-xvi)  See diary. Our march in loo, floods, fire and snow. Baba was a daredevil and risked his life many times.

78      UNCOMPROMISING   He questioned the moderate means of political struggle. Observing he preferred the uncompromising idealism of Hampden and Cromwell to what he called Burk’s philosophy of expediency. (CC-26) Subhash Bose a patriot to the core, a fearless and uncompromising fighter. From Mandalay in his letter to Khaparde (my G.G father), Tilak denied compromise. Bose also denied from Mandalay a compromise to send him to Almora or Switzerland. (J-62)  See diary. Compromise was not the word in Baba’s dictionary.

79      DEMANDING     He always fulfilled his demands even Hitler acceded to all his demands. (D-19) see diary. None could live in Ashram unless Baba’s demands were met. He was always demanding hard work money and loyalty. He would get upset if any one backed out on promise.

80      NO LUST FOR POWER OK

a.        He told Maulana Azad, “I have not the slightest desire to stick to office. “ Baba too was not covetous of power.

b.        I am prepared to efface myself completely. (J-266) See diary.’ I shall remain in jungle. Indira should do what I say. ‘Did Tantya Topey or Nana Peshwa came out after loosing the war of 1857?”

81      OUTLOOK.  OK

a.        After expulsion from the college he mentions,” I could face the future with equanimity.”  (B-8) After mishap Baba faced the reality with equanimity but did not shirk or hid responsibility as a father.

b.        ” What is life without renunciation, I told myself and went to sleep “(B-8) OK

c.        Subhash was always serious in his purpose and outlook. (B-11) OK.

82      UNBURDEN HEART.  Friends he had many, but at the moral and intellectual plane in which Subhash kept himself a prisoner, there was none to whom he could confide and unburden his heart. Thus aloofness grew around him. (I-89)  Exceptions: Saratda, Vibha bhabi  (Mejobau-sister in law), Hemant Sarkar, Dilip Roy, Emilie and ME.  Though generally a man of few words, Bose opened his heart to intimate friends like Dilip Kumar Roy in letters and conversation. (F-327). See diary. As Roy reveals his innermost feelings, so also my diary does.

Note

Some major habits, interests and traits of importance are dealt separately such as Gardening, Avid reader, Mystic, Love for history & poetry, Yoga, Psychology, etc. See (C-18, 19, 20),  (A-XX), (J-342), (281)

Great Personality – OK

1.        Bose’s revolutionary terrorism might have succeeded Tilak or Aurobindo’s time but with Gandhi’s dominance Bose was new actor and Nirad Chaudhari observed Bose to be ‘anachronistic’ personality who worked in adverse circumstance  (CC-49). See diary. He was never anachronistic but called V. D. Sawarkar as such who was not in harmony with changing time. OK.

2.        A great personality with magnetic and almost hypnotic charm. High caliber. (B-168). See diary. OK. Whosoever came in contact with Baba was mesmerized by his charisma.

3.        Everyone who has worked with him knows so well. Bose was in a way a very difficult person in that it was not easy to make him open up. His sensitive nature would make him react violently. (B-117)  He was a pragmatic who looked at problems realistically. (B-119) He possessed an extraordinary strong will and that his sincerity was beyond doubt.   (B-121)  OK.

4.        Netaji had magnetic personality. People used to get mesmerized by him. (A-29). O.K.

5.        A good friend, kind companion, unassuming. He lived very austere life. Worked very hard. He despised pomp and grandeur (See A.D. Mani case). Frankness was another quality. He was absolutely selfless. Prepared sweets. He was absolutely fearless and did not seem to care for his life. Missed death by inches many times. (I- XVI)  His ability to adjust himself to the swiftly changing circumstances, brilliant capacity for work and patience too. (I-7) He was a common man yet so uncommon, was one of the many, yet aloof with his own personality. Spotless moral character and indomitable will, dauntless courage and unbending determination to fight against all odds. (I-15)  O.K. Deeds of dashing, resourcefulness, power of organisation, inimitable capacity for suffering and sacrifice was his personality (I-15) Combination of Shivaji with Vivekananda. (I-16) OK.

6.        His personality was high, profound and complex  …  he was a rare personality in this world of ours. (I-29) OK. Indeed Baba’s personality was complex.

7.        A spiritual quality indefinable and intangible prevailed all his actions. He was endowed with dauntless courage, lofty ideals, a clear vision, farsighted statesmanship and tremendous power of organisation.      (I-93)  He regarded his entire life as a spiritual mission in the highest and noblest sense of the word. (I-93) He achieved the difficult and rare synthesis of the saint and the warrior. (I-94) OK. It seems as if author is talking about Baba.

8.        Maj. General Chatterjee mentions and attributes certain basic fundamental qualities of Subhash Bose which made him a natural leader: personality, power of command, initiative, courage, determination and sincerity—Gen.A.N. Chaterjee (I-165) OK.

9.        Not a believer in mystic doctrinism. A thorough student of logic and philosophy. Proud of ancient traditions and cultures but not like fundamentalist. Had glowing revolutionary spirit and scientific outlook. His courage sincerity and faith inspired all. His love, his feelings and purity will attract all forever. He is a “Sanyasi, a ” Karmayogi “, and votary of  ‘Shakti and yet he is example of Vaishnavite principles of endurance, humility, and respectfulness. Proud of his smiling face, affectionate manners, noble bearing and dynamic personality.   (I-243) OK and OK

10.     Akabar’s statesmanship, administrative ability, catholicity. Shivaji’s leadership and military genius. Swami Vivekananda’s morality, spirituality and intellectuality. If combined three personalities into one, you may get a near approach to our Netaji (J191) OK.

Reality – OK

The history of subsequent events will have to be recorded when we have from Subhash Chandra Bose. (Mitra’s version about fake news of    Netaji ’s death in crash in 1943. (J-242) Similar is the present situation of his death in crash of 1945. Baba was to relate details from Saigon to Tibet to me promising that I would be first man to know it and allow me to take his first photograph.

Principle OK

Netaji adhered to the principle laid down by Chanakya in ancient scripture ‘ ARTHASHASTRA’ that ” ENEMY’S ENEMY IS OUR FRIEND “  (D – XIX). That is why although he criticizes expansionist policy of Germany and Adolf Hitler himself once and decried Japanese Imperialism and Italy’s invasion of Abyssinia, on the above principle he joined hands with AXIS POWER. Netaji admits, “My principles are ‘all or none.’ Although Netaji went to Germany he had no love for Nazi Germany. He despised Nazi racism, brutality and hated its atrocities on Jews but it was the only nation, which could match the British and destroy them. True about Baba too.

See diary the dictation on ‘ WHY SUBHASH FAILED ‘ Baba expressed that means justify the end and not vice versa. Gandhiji opposed tooth and nail Subhash because of the wrong means he adopted. Gandhiji won because he took the side of humanity. SUBHASH FAILED BECAUSE HE TOOK THE SIDE OF ANTI-HUMAN AXIS POWERS. Destiny willed Gandhiji should win.

Habit of Nursing OK

1.        With friends Subhash would go into the interior on nursing expedition in a locality, which was stricken with cholera. (N-58)

2.        Worked amongst patients of plague (N-73 & 74)

3.        He also developed mothering and nurturing part of himself. (G-33)

4.        If someone close to him broke a little bone, he could sit for hours like a nurse at the bedside of even the humblest of his co-workers. There was something great in his kindness. (D-2)  See Diary how Baba would take care of me, secretary and Ashramites by naturopathic application and made ‘Chiraita‘ water compulsory for all. At night he would come and enquire about temperature and my health. He had innate nursing habit. Netaji had difference with Maj.Gen. Jagganath Bhonsle but at night he went to him to see his temperature and health.

Love for Parents OK

1.        In young age, at times, he rebelled against parents because of his eccentric application of reading. However in the heart of heart he had intense feeling and love for parents, especially mother.

2.        Love for parents see (J-172, 178, 179, 180, 184)

3.        When the British Press shot the news of death of Subhash Chandra Bose in air-crash in east Japan, he was distressed and dismayed in Germany. As he was underground he could not disclose the reality. When asked as to why he was depressed, he lamented,” What shock my mother would receive!”  After resignation of ICS he expressed his anxiety “…would cause intense sorrow and in many minds especially in the minds of father and mother.”  (N -101)

4.        Father gave me three pieces of advice and said when I regained sanity he would discuss other things with me. He is trying to make me adopt the worldly way of life.” (N-14)  Challenged mother’s love as supreme (N-141)

5.        (Mother) “ She was held in awe by most of her children. She ruled the roost and in family matters her word was the last. She had strong will  …  In spite of all the respect, I cherished for my parents since my early years, I did yearn for the more intimate contact with them  …  and could not help envying those children who were lucky enough to be on friendly terms with their parents. This desire presumably arose out of a sensitive and emotional temperament. (N -3)

6.        Mother’s heart is very sensitive and deep. (N-175)

7.        Mother initiated Subhash into religion, literature, myths and folklore. Narrated epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata as well as Bengali religious songs. (G-32) See diary, Durga Stawan, Gita, Panchvati, and Ghost stories, Bijoykrishna Goswami, etc probably told to Baba by his mother. See his anxiety about my mother and marriage. Dialogue on mother.

8.        “  Mother can never be selfish because a mother lives for her children. A mother can never be heartless….  (N-126)  See diary,” Suresh you don’t know what is mother’s love. “

9.        I saw him worried and in tears. Subhash flung Reauter’s report at me. It stated that Subhash Bose had died in an air crash while proceeding to Tokyo from Bangkok. I said you are safe and sound here. ” Oh. That is not the point; what will happen to my mother when she hears this? “ (D-2) See diary about advice to me about parental love.

10.     Mother Prabhabati died at the age of 66. General Isoda called upon Bose to condole death of his mother I 1944. He mentioned, “ Bose said he was his mother’s favourite, with tears in his eyes.  It was the first last I ever saw Bose being a kind of sissy.” Netaji was powerfully attached to his mother.

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